Jochen Katz in his blog “Answering Islam” claimed the Qur’an speaks of a certain encounter that Muhammad had with some Jews, and their arguments by which they resisted and rejected Muhammad and his message. In this passage (S. 3:181-185) we also find the following statement: Those same men said, ‘God has made covenant with us, that we believe not any Messenger until he brings to us a sacrifice devoured by fire.’ Say: ‘Messengers have come to you before me bearing clear signs, and that you spoke of; why therefore did you slay them, if you speak truly?’ S. 3:183 Arberry. This is a somewhat cryptic statement that we need to unpack in order to understand what it means, and to see the reasons why it is wrong. Obviously, this fire is not a usual fire that is lit by people to burn a sacrifice (or anything else), but a miraculous fire. It is supposed to be an authenticating sign given by God that this messenger is a true prophet of God; i.e. this verse refers to “fire from heaven”. It is God himself who sends the fire to devour the sacrifice. This understanding is also reflected in many Muslim translations of this verse. I will quote only two: Al-Hilali & Khan and Pickthall (Readers can refer those translations by themselves if they wish). The question is “Whom is Muhammad talking about?”
He further said which messenger brought fire from heaven to devour a sacrifice and was (then) slain by whom? The nearer and wider context of this verse makes it most likely that this refers to a dispute Muhammad had with some Jews (as also Al-Hilali & Khan indicate in their translation). Thus, the reference point for this discussion has to be the Jewish scriptures, the Old Testament of the Bible. Biblical facts: It is true, there were several occasions on which God sent fire to devour a sacrifice prepared by a prophet, judge or king of Israel (Leviticus 9:23-24, Judges 6:20-22, 1 Chronicles 21:26, 2 Chronicles 7:1-3, 1 Kings 18). Moreover, the Bible speaks often about false prophets and gives the Children of Israel a number of criteria to distinguish false prophets from true prophets (1, 2). It is also correct that on one occasion fire from heaven consumed a sacrifice as a sign of confirmation for the divine authority of the prophet Elijah over against the prophets of the false god Baal (1 Kings 18). However, “bringing a sacrifice devoured by fire from heaven” was never made a general criterion or a distinguishing sign that Israelites should demand from everyone who claims to be a prophet. No such command is in the Bible. Such a “covenant” does not exist. Moreover, the vast majority of the true prophets sent by God never experienced this particular miracle. Therefore, we need to ask: Who lied?
To give Jochen Katz simple answer if he himself confirmed that there is no such demand in the Bible that a prophet should show a sacrifice consume by fire than those Jews described at Surah 3:183 who said “‘God has made covenant with us, that we believe not any Messenger until he brings to us a sacrifice devoured by fire.’ were obviously the liars!
Jochen Katz further claimed the Quran statement, ‘God has made covenant with us, that we believe not any Messenger until he brings to us a sacrifice devoured by fire’, was either a lie by these Jews, or the author of the Qur’an / Muhammad lied by putting this wrong statement into the mouth of the Jews, although they never made such a claim. In the latter case, if Muhammad made up this false argument and put it into the mouth of the Jews, then he is a liar and is disqualified as a prophet from God. If the author of the Qur’an invents false statements about the Jews (or anyone else for that matter), then the Qur’an is exposed as cheap polemics, and it does not come from God who is the truth.
The Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) did not put any words into the mouth of the Jews it is obvious they were the ones who lies as Jochen Katz himself confirmed there is no such demand of a burnt sacrifice in the Bible. The Jews were noted for making false statement and lying as an example in Surah 4:46 Of the Jews there are those who displace words from their (right) places, and say: “We hear and we disobey”; and “Hear what is not Heard”; and “Ra’ina”; with a twist of their tongues and a slander to Faith. And in another example the Jews lying is stated in Surah 5:41 O Messenger! let not those grieve thee, who race each other into unbelief: (whether it be) among those who say “We believe” with their lips but whose hearts have no faith; or it be among the Jews, men who will listen to any lie, will listen even to others who have never so much as come to thee. They change the words from their (right) times and places: they say, “If ye are given this, take it, but if not, beware!” If any one’s trial is intended by Allah, thou hast no authority in the least for him against Allah. For such – it is not Allah’s will to purify their hearts. For them there is disgrace in this world, and in the Hereafter a heavy punishment.
Jochen Katz said In the former case, Muhammad had the perfect occasion to show that he is truly inspired by God by exposing that the claim of these Jews is wrong. He could simply have said: “God tells me that you are lying. Show me where in your scriptures you are commanded this!” They would not have been able to show it. His opponents would have been silenced, and Muhammad would have gained credibility. Excursus: Muhammad had to struggle over and over again with the problem that he was not able to do any miracles. He claimed to be a prophet from the same God who had sent the earlier prophets. On the one hand, he included many stories about the miracles done by these earlier prophets in his own message; on the other hand, he demanded from his audience to be accepted as another prophet like them but without showing any miracle that would authenticate his divine authority. It is no surprise that Muhammad was confronted time and again with the sceptical question, “Why has no sign (miracle) been sent down upon him from his Lord?”, or some similar formulation. Such questions are found in S. 2:118, 6:37, 10:20, 11:12, 13:7, 13:27, 20:133, 29:50. There are a number of different ways that Muhammad / the author of the Qur’an responds to such demands. One answer that is given a number of times is the claim that even if God were to send such miraculous signs, they would still not believe (2:145, 17:59, 28:48, 37:14-15), i.e. there is no point in giving miracles. (Muhammad and Miracles is a detailed article discussing the statements of the Quran on this matter.)
In answering the above allegation here we can expose what many people missed to see that Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) being the last prophet did not bring any miracles like the former prophets of Allah did. He was a prophet by definition “A person who speaks by divine inspiration or as the interpreter through whom the will of the God Allah is expressed” This is coherent in respect of being the last prophet his only miracle is bringing The Reading which was compiled into a Book from Allah which is preserved and protected till the Day of Judgment. When he was asked why not a miracle sent down to him his reply as indicated in Surah 29:50-51 “Ye they say: “Why are not Signs sent down to him from his Lord?” Say: “The signs are indeed with Allah: and I am indeed a clear Warner. And is it not enough for them that we have sent down to thee the Book which is rehearsed to them? Verily, in it is Mercy and a Reminder to those who believe.” The miracle of the Book is that Allah guaranty there is no crookedness in this Book at Surah 39:28 “(It is) a Qur’an in Arabic, without any crookedness (therein): in order that they may guard against Evil. The Book is from Allah stated in Surah 7:1-3 Alif, Lam, Mim, Sad. A Book revealed unto thee, so let thy heart be oppressed no more by any difficulty on that account, that with it thou might warn (the erring) and teach the Believers). Follow (O men!) the revelation given unto you from your Lord, and follow not, as friends or protectors, other than Him. Little it is ye remember of admonition. And Allah is the One who sent it and He is the one who will protect it as stated in Surah 15:9 We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption).
Jochen Katz claimed S. 3:183 belongs to this group of verses that seek to directly or indirectly divert the attention from Muhammad’s lack of miracles by claiming that there is no point in giving them. Specifically, the demand of the Jews is answered here by a rhetorical question: Why do you demand a miracle when you killed the earlier prophets that performed various miracles for you, including the specific miracle which you are demanding from me? Back to the main topic of this article. S. 3:183 reports an objectively wrong statement, an assertion that was allegedly made by some Jews who opposed Muhammad’s claim to prophethood. We may never know whether these particular Jews tried to trick or deceive Muhammad with this “divine criterion”, and the Qur’an only recorded this, or if Muhammad lied about the Jews.
The Prophet never lied it was the Jews who lied and there was never a condition that Muhammad was to satisfy any demand to show any miracle or supernatural powers to the Jews or anybody else for that matter. The Quran has established the fact that previous miracles were not a prerequisite or a motivation to believe when Allah sent down the Quran which says in Surah 100:6 “Truly man is, to his Lord, ungrateful.” Moses was given miracles yet in Surah 2:92 There came to you Moses with clear (Signs); yet ye worshipped the calf (Even) after that, and ye did behave wrongfully. And in Muhammad’s own experience at Surah 4:153 The people of the Book ask thee to cause a book to descend to them from heaven: Indeed they asked Moses for an even greater (miracle), for they said: “Show us Allah in public,” but they were dazed for their presumption, with thunder and lightning. Yet they worshipped the calf even after clear signs had come to them; even so we forgave them; and gave Moses manifest proofs of authority. Allah had warned the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) there is no miracle for him except the Quran as shown in Surah 6:111 “Even if We did send unto them angels, and the dead did speak unto them, and We gathered together all things before their very eyes, they are not the ones to believe, unless it is in Allah’s plan. But most of them ignore (the truth).”
Jochen Katz said further be that as it may, the question now is how does an inspired prophet respond to a false claim about God’s earlier revelation? Even though Muhammad was not able to perform miracles, if he had exposed their false claim, he could have made some progress in regard to his own credibility. However, instead of exposing their demand as a false claim, a fabrication, he attacks the honesty or sincerety of the questioners. Instead of dealing with the content of their criterion of prophethood, he uses an ad hominem approach in order to avoid the uncomfortable issue of his own authentication: Those (Jews) who said: “Verily, Allah has taken our promise not to believe in any Messenger unless he brings to us an offering which the fire (from heaven) shall devour.” Say: “Verily, there came to you Messengers before me, with clear signs and even with what you speak of; why then did you kill them, if you are truthful?” S. 3:183 Al-Hilali & Khan These Jews put before Muhammad a criterion or test of prophethood that he was not able to satisfy. Seeing attack as his only way of defense, Muhammad in return questions their sincerety. The accusation and conclusion that is implicit in the rhetorical question given to them in response is this: Because you killed the prophets which came to you with miracles, you are not truthful and have therefore no right to question me. Suddenly the question is no longer what is the correct criterion for a true prophet, and whether Muhammad satisfies this criterion, but the issue now is the sincerety of the people questioning Muhammad.
Here it is glaring Jochen Katz is contradicting his own statement he is the one who say there is no demand in the Bible requiring a “burnt sacrifice” for any prophet yet he claimed the Jews were being honest and sincere in asking Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) to show them a sacrifice consumed by Fire”. In what sense then that Jochen Katz can defined by saying the Prophet (Pbuh) “uses an ad hominem approach in order to avoid the uncomfortable issue of his own authentication”? If Jochen Katz understood his Bible well that there is no condition for a prophet to show a burnt sacrifice he would have known the Jews at Surah 3:183 were lying and he would not have said they were sincere. Anyway the Prophet (Pbuh) will not be concerned with these groups who were arrogance to his office of Prophet hood there were other Jews who believed in his message as stated Surah 3:199 And there are, certainly, among the People of the Book, those who believe in Allah, in the revelation to you, and in the revelation to them, bowing in humility to Allah: They will not sell the Signs of Allah for a miserable gain! For them is a reward with their Lord, and Allah is swift in account. And also stated in Surah 3:113-114 Not all of them are alike: Of the People of the Book are a portion that stand (For the right): They rehearse the Signs of Allah all night long, and they prostrate themselves in adoration. They believe in Allah and the Last Day; they enjoin what is right, and forbid what is wrong; and they hasten (in emulation) in (all) good works: They are in the ranks of the righteous. There were sincere Jews during his time and insincere ones described in Surah 3:183!
Jochen Katz said given that Muhammad was not able to show any miracles to authenticate his claim to be a true prophet of God, this was probably the best he could do. In some way, that was a clever move. Too bad that the Qur’an does not give any room for the comments of the Jews on Muhammad’s diversion tactics. However, those skeptical Jews were a constant threat to Muhammad’s credibility. He was not willing to tolerate that his authority be undermined by a repeated questioning of his status as a prophet. Therefore, Muhammad decided to get rid of them, and he expelled or killed all the Jews living in Medina in order to solve this problem once and for all, see the section on Muhammad and the Jews.
This is the sinister part of Jochen Katz mentality when he cannot find anything incriminating the Prophet (Pbuh) from the Quran he will resort to questionable sources of information. There is no evidence whatsoever he can pull out of the Quran to accuse the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) of killing anybody for not believing him being a prophet of Allah. His reply when asked is clear as stated in Surah 13:43 The Unbelievers say: “No messenger art thou.” Say: “Enough for a witness between me and you is Allah, and such as have knowledge of the Book.”
Jochen Katz further claimed viewing it as Muhammad’s personal response, as coming from an imperfect human being, I can understand all that. However, Islam expects us to believe that the Qur’an is not Muhammad’s word, but God’s word. His answer to the claim of those Jews was allegedly not Muhammad’s idea, but God told him to give this answer. And that causes considerable problems. God knew exactly that the criterion put forward by these Jews was wrong. God never gave such a command, and he is not forgetful about his earlier revelations. God could have given a decisive answer that would have exposed them as fabricating a command of God. Muhammad, on the other hand, was ignorant on the matter. He may have had a suspicion that these Jews tried to deceive him, but he was not sure, and their criterion could just as well be taken from their scriptures. Therefore, he could not directly charge them with deception in this specific matter. He ends his answer with “if you are truthful”, which is not only part of his counterattack, but also an admission of his own ignorance. This is the first indication that the answer did not come from God but from Muhammad’s mind.
Here Jochen Katz is “playing God” from the above in his own words he is making the decision what is to be God’s words and what should not. The Quran is clear what is said in the Quran is Allah’s words inspired to His prophet and he never disobeyed as stated in Surah 6:50 Say: “I tell you not that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor do I know what is hidden, nor do I tell you I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me.” Say: “can the blind be held equal to the seeing?” Will ye then consider not? And in another verse of the Quran the Prophet (Pbuh) is one who fear Allah most as stated in Surah 6:15 Say: “I would, if I disobeyed my Lord, indeed have fear of the penalty of a Mighty Day.
Jochen Katz added furthermore, the answer reveals not only the uncertainty of the author, it contains also a clear error and thus exposes his ignorance about certain facts of Biblical history. Muhammad does not only raise a question about the honesty and sincerety of these Jews, he also makes positive statements which can be checked against the Bible. The answer, “Verily, there came to you Messengers before me, with clear signs and even with what you speak of; why then did you kill them, …?” presents three statements as if they were facts:
1.Messengers (from God) came to the Jews who brought clear signs, i.e. miracles.
2.At least some of these came even with the specific sign that fire from heaven devoured a sacrifice that they had prepared.
3.The Jews killed those messengers.
Jochen Katz said Whom is Muhammad talking about? What are the names of those alleged messengers? Again, Muhammad is not certain enough about the details, so he remains vague in his statements. Nevertheless, there is no doubt that this idea is inspired by the story of Elijah’s confrontation with the prophets of Baal on Mount Carmel that is reported in 1 Kings 18 and belongs to the better known stories of the Bible. [Read at least 1 Kings 18:25-39 if you are not familiar with the story, but it would be even better to read the whole story of Elijah starting in 1 Kings 16:29.] The first statement is true: God sent messengers / prophets to the Israelites and some of them God confirmed with miracles.
Jochen Katz further said The second statement is questionable: The Qur’an seems to speak about a plurality of messengers who prepared a sacrifice that was then devoured by fire which was sent directly by God as a public confirmation that these are true prophets. However, Elijah was the only prophet to whom this sign was given before a skeptical audience so that the people should see that Elijah’s God was the true God, and that Elijah was truly sent by God. There were a number of further occasions where a sacrifice was devoured by fire sent by God, but in none of these cases did it serve the purpose of confirming the prophet as being a true prophet. In Leviticus 9:23-24 fire from the Lord devours the sacrifice prepared by Aaron according to the instructions of Moses. However, Moses had already done many miracles and the people did not doubt his divine authority. The fire did not come to confirm Moses as a prophet. The occasion was the inauguration of the priestly service of Aaron and his sons. In Judges 6:20-22 we read that Gideon’s offering is consumed by fire from the Lord, but it is a sign only for Gideon to confirm for him that it is really the Lord who is speaking to him. It is not a sign that Gideon brings to the people. There is nobody else present. In 1 Chronicles 21:26 God sent fire on the sacrifice after David’s prayer of repentance as sign that God had accepted David’s repentance for the sin he had committed. David was the king of Israel and nobody questioned his authority. The fire was not to confirm David as prophet or king, but to show him that his repentance and sacrifice was accepted by God. Finally, in 2 Chronicles 7:1-3 God sent fire from heaven in response to Solomon’s prayer at the dedication of the Temple. Again, there was no question about Solomon’s authority. He was the king. God gave this fire as a sign that he accepted the Temple as the place where his presence would dwell. There was only one time when God authenticated a prophet before the people by sending fire on a sacrifice, and that was the contest between Elijah and the prophets of Baal on Mount Carmel (1 Kings 18). The second statement is wrong when it claims this was given as a sign of public authentification for several messengers.
In answering the above I will quote Jochen Katz statement he said “The second statement is questionable: The Qur’an seems to speak about a plurality of messengers who prepared a sacrifice that was then devoured by fire which was sent directly by God as a public confirmation that these are true prophets. However, Elijah was the only prophet to whom this sign was given before a skeptical audience so that the people should see that Elijah’s God was the true God, and that Elijah was truly sent by God.” By exposing Jochen Katz own statement then it can be concluded he himself is showing the Quran is speaking the truth, the Jews lied as the Bible speaks according to him of only one prophet but the Jews in the Quran at Surah 3:183 speaks of many prophets! The Jews were the ones who lied not Muhammad. They were used to lying and changing God’s words as stated in Surah 5:13 But because of their breach of their covenant, We cursed them, and made their hearts grow hard; they change the words from their (right) places and forget a good part of the message that was sent them, nor wilt thou cease to find them- barring a few – ever bent on (new) deceits: but forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds): for Allah love those who are kind.
Jochen Katz further said the third statement is definitely false: Even if we allow all the above given names of people who experienced that God sent fire to devour their sacrifice (Moses, Aaron, Gideon, David, Solomon, Elijah), there is not even one among them who was killed by the Jews. Ironically, the only prophet whom this miracle was given as confirmation, did not even die on this earth, but was taken up to heaven by God (2 Kings 2:11). It is true that there were plans to kill Elijah, but it was not the Jews who tried to kill him. Ahab, the king of Israel, had married Jezebel, a foreign woman who brought an idolatrous pagan religion with her. She sought to kill Elijah after he had defeated and killed the false prophets of Baal (1 Kings 19:1-2). However, God protected Elijah and, eventually, Elijah was taken to heaven without dying (2 Kings 2:11). As so often, the author of the Qur’an messed up on the details of the Biblical stories. It is true that a number of prophets sent to the Jews were persecuted and some even killed. It is also true that there were some men of God who experienced that fire from the Lord devoured their sacrifice. However, not one of those men of God who were given the sign of “fire from heaven devouring their sacrifice” were killed by the Jews. God certainly knew this. But Muhammad was ignorant about the details and often confused the Biblical stories (*). This error is again strong evidence that Muhammad himself is the author, and it was not God who gave him this response as an answer to the Jews. Again, the answer to the Jews was made up by Muhammad, and the error contained in it exposes the ignorance of the author. This is a false claim in the Qur’an and it constitutes evidence that Muhammad fabricated himself what he claimed to have received as divine revelation. To claim that God is the author of the Qur’an is an insult to God, because it means to ascribe ignorance to God and blame him for the errors in the Qur’an.
On the above just to remind again on Jochen Katz he confirmed that there is no condition in the Bible that a prophet should bring a “burnt sacrifice” to be as a condition of being a true prophet and this means the Jews at Surah 3:183 were lying so the answer that Allah commanded the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) to reply is not what Jochen Katz claimed “killed prophets who did not bring a burnt sacrifice” but with the accurate answer as stated in the Surah 3:183 to Say: “There came to you messengers before me, with clear Signs and even with what ye ask for: why then did ye slay them, if ye speak the truth?” According to the Quran the Jews did not killed their prophets for not bringing a burnt sacrifice but as stated clearly here In Surah 2:87 …..Is it that whenever there comes to you a messenger with what ye yourselves desire not, ye are puffed up with pride? Some ye called impostors, and others ye slay! Jochen Katz can refer and see this too at Surah 3:21 As to those who deny the Signs of Allah and in defiance of right, slay the prophets, and slay those who teach just dealing with mankind, announce to them a grievous penalty. So there is no error in the Quran “killing prophets who did not bring a burnt sacrifice is Jochen Katz sinister words not Allah’s!
Jochen Katz said without question, the issue of testing a prophet is very important. In the Bible God spoke several times about the matter of how to discern true prophets from false prophets (1, 2). Muhammad was confronted with this question a number of times, but this core issue was only evaded by the author of the Quran. The Jews came with a criterion. Why has Allah not corrected their wrong criterion and given the right criterion? Instead, Muhammad simply evaded the matter with an ad hominem attack on the questioner. That is not what I would expect from God. It is unworthy of God. That observation also points to Muhammad as the originator of this text. Muhammad did not have an answer on this matter.
The answer is there in the Quran the Jew were liars as Jochen katz himself admitted that there is no condition in the Bible for a prophet to come with a burnt sacrifice. And the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) never evaded the issue which rightly Allah instructed his to Say: “There came to you messengers before me, with clear Signs and even with what ye ask for: why then did ye slay them, if ye speak the truth?” The answer that was given gave two results first by exposing their lies of the “burnt sacrifice” for prophets and the Quran exposing the Jews did kill their prophets as stated in Surah 3:112 Shame is pitched over them (Like a tent) wherever they are found, except when under a covenant (of protection) from Allah and from men; they draw on themselves wrath from Allah, and pitched over them is (the tent of) destitution. This is because they rejected the Signs of Allah, and slew the prophets in defiance of right; this because they rebelled and transgressed beyond bounds.
Jochen Katz speculation A possible Muslim objection
Some Muslims may try to avoid the charge that Muhammad’s answer in the Qur’an was ignorant by claiming either that the Bible is wrong on Elijah, or that this passage does not talk about Elijah but about some other prophets whose story is not recorded in the Old Testament. This explanation does not work. After all, Muhammad’s counterattack will only be able to silence the Jews if they know what he is talking about. If they are not aware of any prophet who brought fire from heaven and which was then killed by the Jews, Muhammad’s answer will not be able to convince them, but only make them laugh about his ignorance. And what the Jews know about their prophets is found in their scriptures. The answer presupposes that this is a known fact among the Jews. But Muhammad was wrong in this assumption. Again, I would love to know what these Jews said in response, whether in direct response to Muhammad, or only among themselves, but the Qur’an does not report that.
There is no other better answer or explanation except it is there in the Quran. At Surah 3:183 the Jews lied to Muhammad by saying “Allah took our promise not to believe in a messenger unless He showed us a sacrifice consumed by Fire (From heaven).” Jochen Katz himself confirmed there is no condition in the Bible for a prophet to show this kind of burnt sacrifice. And the Quran never quote Jewish prophets were killed for not bringing a burnt sacrifice, it clearly say the reasons as stated here in Surah 4:155 They have incurred divine displeasure): In that they broke their covenant; that they rejected the signs of Allah; that they slew the Messengers in defiance of right; that they said, “Our hearts are the wrappings (which preserve Allah’s Word; We need no more)”; Nay, Allah hath set the seal on their hearts for their blasphemy, and little is it they believe. So Jochen Katz should know what the Jews were up to and the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) dealt with them correctly as inspired by Allah.
Claim by Jochen Katz An internal contradiction
We have seen that the third statement above is false according to the Bible. However, it is worse than that. The author of the Qur’an does not only say that “some Jews (in the past) killed those messengers” but “why then did YOU kill them”, addressing the questioners directly. This is not only factually wrong, it also contradicts the teaching of Islam in other passages of the Qur’an. According to Islam there is no original sin and no one is accused or punished for what his parents did. We know that during Muhammad’s time there were no prophets sent to the Jews. Nevertheless, in this verse Muhammad is accusing the Jews of his time of killing the prophets. This contradicts his own message and theology. This matter is discussed in more detail in footnote 2 of the companion article, Which Prophets Did the Jews Kill?
There is no internal contradiction it is a reminder and warning to the Jews not to follow in the footstep of their forefathers who killed the messengers. In the Quran it is a kind of reminder to “recall” as an example as stated in Surah 2:40 O Children of Israel! Call to mind the (special) favor which I bestowed upon you, and fulfill your covenant with Me as I fulfill My Covenant with you, and fear none but Me. The reminder is also not to kill this Prophet if you do not agree with what he preaches. There are evidences in the Quran some of the Jews were hostile to the prophet as stated in Surah 33:25-26 And Allah turned back the Unbelievers for (all) their fury: no advantage did they gain; and enough is Allah for the believers in their fight. And Allah is full of Strength, able to enforce His Will. And those of the People of the Book who aided them – Allah did take them down from their strongholds and cast terror into their hearts, some ye slew and some ye made prisoners. Nevertheless if they did not kill any prophet they should not be worry of their forefathers as stated in Surah 17:15 Who receive guidance, receive it for his own benefit: who goes astray doth so to his own loss: No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another: nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent an messenger (to give warning). And also in 6:164 Say: “Shall I seek for (my) Cherisher other than Allah, when He is the Cherisher of all things (that exist)? Every soul draws the meed of its acts on none but itself: no bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another. Your goal in the end is towards Allah: He will tell you the truth of the things wherein ye disputed.” Also refer this at Surah 39:7 If ye reject (Allah), Truly Allah hath no need of you; but He like not ingratitude from His servants: if ye are grateful, He is pleased with you. No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another. In the end, to your Lord is your Return, when He will tell you the truth of all that ye did (in this life). for He know well all that is in (men’s) hearts.
Jochen Katz fallacy – How Muhammad failed the test in multiple ways
Some Jews came to Muhammad and confronted him with a test of his prophethood. This is only fair, since Muhammad demanded from them that they would accept him as a prophet, and the Bible tells us that we should test everyone who comes claiming to be a prophet. This encounter became a test of Muhammad’s prophethood in several ways,and Muhammad failed in all respects.
Jochen Katz further said First, Muhammad failed because he did not satisfy the criterion of a physical miracle to authenticate his claim to be a prophet of God like the earlier prophets. The Jews were wrong to demand only this one specific sign of “fire that devoures a sacrifice”, but their scriptures report how God regularly confirmed his true prophets with miracles. The Jews were certainly justified to expect that a genuine prophet of God would have a confirming supernatural sign. Muhammad was not able to bring any miracles of the kind given to the earlier prophets, neither fire from heaven, nor any other supernatural sign.
In answering the above, who need a short live miracle? The Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) being the last Prophet bring a lasting miracle even today mankind see read it, analyses and see the truth that it is truly a message from Allah. One can never see these kinds of miracle verses in the Bible like Surah 4:82 Do they not consider the Qur’an (with care)? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy. The Quran in its original language Arabic is preserved Surah 13:37 Thus have We revealed it to be a judgment of authority in Arabic. Wert thou to follow their (vain) desires after the knowledge which hath reached thee, then wouldst thou find neither protector nor defender against Allah. And 39:28 (It is) a Qur’an in Arabic, without any crookedness (therein): in order that they may guard against Evil. It is a message to mankind Surah 68:52 But it is nothing less than a Message to all the worlds. And a challenge made at Surah 17:88 Say: “If the whole of mankind and Jinns were to gather together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they backed up each other with help and support. At Surah 39:41 Verily We have revealed the Book to thee in Truth, for (instructing) mankind. He, then, that receives guidance benefits his own soul: but he that strays injures his own soul. Nor art thou set over them to dispose of their affairs. The Book the Quran is the greatest miracle ever!
Jochen Katz continue he said Second, even if the claim of the Jews that God’s test is fire from heaven was wrong, being faced with a false claim is a test in itself. Perhaps this was even intentional, i.e. the test which the Jews brought was not on the surface of their claim; they didn’t actually want to see supernatural fire, but they wanted to see whether Muhammad was able to give an answer to their trick question that exhibited divine insight. Intentional or not, Muhammad failed this “test behind the test” because he did not recognize that the criterion was not genuine.
The Prophet gave a wonderful reply to the Jewish trick question by saying “There came to you messengers before me, with clear Signs and even with what ye ask for: why then did ye slay them, if ye speak the truth?” And the Quran tells them this was the reason the Jews killed their prophets as in Surah 3:112 “…..This because they rejected the Signs of Allah, and slew the prophets in defiance of right; this because they rebelled and transgressed beyond bounds.”
Jochen Katz further said Third, Muhammad failed because his answer contained a factually wrong statement that exposed his ignorance of the Bible. The Jews didn’t kill any prophet who had brought the miracle of fire from God which devoured a sacrifice. And it doesn’t help Muhammad at all that he attributed his wrong answer to God. On the contrary, by doing so he exposed himself as a false prophet.
Let us see again the Surah 3:183 They (also) said: “Allah took our promise not to believe in an messenger unless He showed us a sacrifice consumed by Fire (From heaven).” Say: “There came to you messengers before me, with clear Signs and even with what ye ask for: why then did ye slay them, if ye speak the truth?” There is nothing in this verse the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) said “the Jews killed their prophets because of not bringing a burnt sacrifice. The Quran is clear on the occasion the Jews killed their prophet read Surah 2:87, 2:91, 3:21, 3:112, 3:183 and 4:155.
He is Allah’s appointed prophet Jochen Katz Surah 2:252 These are the Signs of Allah: we rehearse them to thee in truth: verily Thou art one of the messengers. And in Surah 7:158 Say: “O men! I am sent unto you all, as the Messenger of Allah, to Whom belong the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He: it is He That give both life and death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believeth in Allah and His words: follow him that (so) ye may be guided.”
Jochen Katz said The first two failures may be specific to this particular encounter, but the third one we see over and over again in the Qur’an. Muhammad was not a prophet from God because his allegedly divine revelation contains numerous false statements ranging from apparently small numerical inaccuracies, e.g. the age of Noah (*), to more substantial errors regarding the history of Israel and the Jewish prophets (like the one discussed in this present article) to grave misrepresentations of essential doctrines of the Christian Faith, like the crucifixion of Jesus (*), his divine sonship (*), and the doctrine of the Trinity (*). In addition to that there is the questionable morality of Muhammad (endorsing marriage to minors in general and having sex with a nine-year old himself, the assassination of his critics, etc.), his being a victim of magic, etc., see the articles listed in the section on the person of Muhammad (*).
There is no contradiction whatsoever in the Quran Jochen Katz this is just Jewish and Christian jealousy that their so called “holy” books were filled with falsehood and porno articles so they tried to come up with the contradictions of the Quran. If Allah says the age of Noah was 950 years who can confirm the age other than Him? There is no way the Christian or the Jew can question the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) morality they have to resort to third parties sources to tarnish his personality but for the Muslim Holy Book the Quran from Allah they can find nothing. Any accusation can be easily thwarted from the Quran itself.
Surah 48:29 Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and those who are with him are strong against Unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other. Thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. On their faces are their marks, (being) the traces of their prostration. This is their similitude in the Taurat; and their similitude in the Gospel is: like a seed which sends forth its blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thick, and it stands on its own stem, (filling) the sowers with wonder and delight. As a result, it fills the Unbelievers with rage at them. Allah has promised those among them who believe and do righteous deeds forgiveness, and a great Reward.
Surah 6:33 We know indeed the grief which their words do cause thee: It is not thee they reject: it is the signs of Allah, which the wicked contemn.
Surah 3:176-178 Let not those grieve thee who rush headlong into Unbelief: Not the least harm will they do to Allah. Allah’s plan is that He will give them no portion in the Hereafter, but a severe punishment. Those who purchase Unbelief at the price of faith, not the least harm will they do to Allah, but they will have a grievous punishment. Let not the Unbelievers think that our respite to them is good for themselves: We grant them respite that they may grow in their iniquity: But they will have a shameful punishment.