Category: Religion (page 1 of 2)

No unlimited sexual freedom with the slaves in Islam


Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, is allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property. A slave is unable to withdraw unilaterally from such an arrangement and works without remuneration. Many scholars now use the term chattel slavery to refer to this specific sense of legalized, de jure slavery. Slavery had previously existed throughout history, in many times and most places. The ancient Greeks, the Romans, Incas and Aztecs all had slaves. What does it mean to be a slave or enslaved person? To be a slave is to be owned by another person. A slave is a human being classed as property and who is forced to work for nothing.

According to Wikipedia, the abolition of slavery occurred at different times in different countries. It frequently occurred sequentially in more than one stages, for example, as abolition of the trade in slaves in a specific country, and then as abolition of slavery throughout the empires. Each step was usually the result of a separate law or action. In the third century B.C Ashoka abolishes the slave trade and encourages people to treat slaves well in the Maurya Empire, covering the majority of India, which was under his rule. In China, Wang Mang, first and only emperor of the Xin Dynasty, usurped the Chinese throne and instituted a series of sweeping reforms, including the abolition of slavery and radical land reform from 9–12 A.D. Later, Pope Gregory I banned Jews from owning Christian slaves. Slavery in the Muslim world first developed out of the slavery practices of pre-Islamic Arabia, and was at times radically different, depending on social-political factors such as the Arab slave trade. It is claimed throughout Islamic history, slaves served in various social and economic roles, from powerful emirs to harshly treated manual laborers.

Although the Quran does not prohibit slavery, it does suggest certain means of integrating slaves, whom were explicitly enslaved after being captured in war, into the Muslim community. It allows and make preference for men to marry slaves than marrying a disbeliever as stated in Surah 2:221 Do not marry unbelieving women (idolaters), until they believe: A slave woman who believes is better than an unbelieving woman, even though she allures you. Nor marry your women to unbelievers until they believe: A man slave who believes is better than an unbeliever, even though he allures you. Unbelievers do (but) beckon you to the Fire. But Allah beckons by His Grace to the Garden of bliss and forgiveness, and makes His Signs clear to mankind: That they may celebrate His praise. Also stated in Surah 4:25 If any of you have not the means wherewith to wed free believing women, they may wed believing girls from among those whom your right hands possess: And Allah hath full knowledge about your faith. Ye are one from another: Wed them with the leave of their owners, and give them their dowers, according to what is reasonable: They should be chaste, not lustful, nor taking paramours: when they are taken in wedlock, if they fall into shame, their punishment is half that for free women. This permission is for those among you who fear sin; but it is better for you that ye practise self-restraint. And Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

As can be seen from the above in the Quran it was made a preference for a Muslim to marry a slave woman than a disbelieving woman and the penalty for those slaves who fall into shame is half of that of the free woman meaning from a hundred lashes penalty as quoted in Surah 24:2 they were to be punished with half or only 50 lashes to show that the slaves is to be treated with lighter penalty as their lives have not been one commensurate to those of the free women. However, in the Quran the more compassionate recommendation is to free the slaves in absolute term or as and when they wish to make a deal as stated in Surah 24:33 Let those who find not the wherewithal for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah gives them means out of His grace. And if any of your slaves ask for a deed in writing (to enable them to earn their freedom for a certain sum), give them such a deed if ye know any good in them: yea, give them something yourselves out of the means which Allah has given to you. But force not your maids to prostitution when they desire chastity, in order that ye may make a gain in the goods of this life. But if anyone compels them, yet, after such compulsion, is Allah, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful to them.

Despite this protection in the Quran against sexual exploitation in slavery, there were Christian evangelists and non-Muslim writers claimed that in the Quran female slaves do not have the right to grant or deny sexual access to themselves. Instead, they claimed the Quran permits men to have sexual access to “what their right hands possess,” of female captives or slaves as they claimed that which is stated in the Surah 23:5-6 Who abstain from sex, except with those joined to them in the marriage bond, or (the captives) whom their right hands possess, for in their case they are free from blame (the same text is stated in Surah 70:29-30 to have unlimited sex with slaves). However, the slaves mentioned in both these Surah were the ones whom they have to be married first as a preconditioned before they can have sex as mentioned in the previous verses quoted earlier at Surah 2:221 and Surah 4:25 to marry them first.

Only the fabricators using falsehood materials claim a Muslim can have unlimited sex with his slaves and practise “Mutah” a temporary marriage as a screen to do fornication. It is impossible for a Muslim to have unlimited sex with the slave as they are prohibited even to be close with one another in a compromising position as quoted in Surah 17:32 Nor come nigh to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil, opening the road (to other evils).

There is therefore no free sex in the Quran as one had to marry whether it is to a free woman or a slave to be in union and must convene and accept all the responsibilities of the marriage covenant in the Quran. An in Surah 24:32 And marry those among you who are single and those who are fit among your male slaves and your female slaves; if they are needy, Allah will make them free from want out of His grace; and Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing. Furthermore, it is mentioned in the Quran, even the Prophet have to marry with the slaves by paying them their dowry as stated Surah 33:50 O Prophet! Surely, We have made lawful to you your wives whom you have given their dowries, and those whom your right hand possesses out of those whom Allah has given to you as prisoners of war. This means that the Prophet have to give the female slaves their dowries too as he had to give the free women their dowries and marry them to be in union.

If one is to look closer in the issues of slavery, there is a difference is the definition of slavery in Islam compared to Western understanding, a slave is defined in the Quran as a captive or a prisoner of war and not that being practiced by former Western colonialists who kidnapped and captured native Africans and then transported them to their various colonies in North and South America, the Caribbean and other parts of the world to work as hard labour for the owners of estates. In Islam, to own a slave even the Prophet have to fight wars as mentioned in Surah 8:67 It is not fitting for a prophet that he should have prisoners of war until he hath thoroughly subdued the land. Ye look for the temporal goods of this world; but Allah look to the Hereafter: And Allah is Exalted in might, Wise. Thus, war captives were made slaves because the enemies waged wars and caused hostilities on the Muslim communities.

In term of marital status, it is stated in the Quran although all free married women are prohibited for marriage to a Muslim, those married slave women whose husbands lost the war, one can marry them as stated in Surah 4:24 Also prohibited are women already married, except those whom your right hands possess: Thus hath Allah ordained (Prohibitions) against you: Except for these, all others are lawful, provided ye seek (them in marriage) with gifts from your property, desiring chastity, not lust, seeing that ye derive benefit from them, give them their dowers as prescribed; but if, after a dower is prescribed, agree Mutually (to vary it), there is no blame on you, and Allah is All-knowing, All-wise. The marriage to a slave married women is valid only if she had converted being a Muslim as is stated in Surah 60:10 O ye who believe! When there come to you believing women refugees, examine (and test) them: Allah knows best as to their Faith: if ye ascertain that they are Believers, then send them not back to the Unbelievers. They are not lawful (wives) for the Unbelievers, nor are the (Unbelievers) lawful (husbands) for them. But pay the Unbelievers what they have spent (on their dower), and there will be no blame on you if ye marry them on payment of their dower to them. But hold not to the guardianship of unbelieving women: ask for what ye have spent on their dowers, and let the (Unbelievers) ask for what they have spent (on the dowers of women who come over to you). Such is the command of Allah. He judges (with justice) between you. And Allah is Full of Knowledge and Wisdom.

With such a situation, it must be reiterated, although the Quran does not prohibit slavery, it emphasises special humane treatment on slaves and giving freedom to them is considered a great righteous deed. In Surah 2:177 Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but righteousness is in one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveller, those who ask [for help], and for freeing the slaves; and who establishes prayer and gives alms (zakah); those who fulfilled their promise when they promise; and those who are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous.

Even in certain penalty the redemption is freeing a slave as stated in Surah 4:92 And never is it for a believer to kill a believer except by mistake. And whoever kills a believer by mistake – then the freeing of a believing slave and a compensation payment presented to the deceased’s family is required unless they give up their right as charity. Also in divorce cases as in Surah 58:3 But those who divorce their wives by calling the wife as their “mother’s back” (Zihar), then wish to go back on the words they uttered, It is ordained that such a one should free a slave before they touch each other: Thus are ye admonished to perform: and Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do.

As can be seen from the evidences in the Quran Islam advocate humane, consideration, rectitude and justice when dealing with the slaves and it is treated as a priority to free the slaves as the feat is rank as virtue deeds for salvation as confirm in Surah 90:10-18 And shown him the two highways? But he hath made no haste on the path that is steep. And what will explain to thee the path that is steep? It is: freeing the slaves; Or the giving of food in a day of privation. To the orphan with claims of relationship, Or to the indigent (down) in the dust. Then will he be of those who believe, and enjoin patience, (constancy, and self-restraint), and enjoin deeds of kindness and compassion. Such are the Companions of the Right Hand.


Attitude towards unbelieving parents (Surah 31:15)


Surah 31:15 “But if they strive to make thee join in worship with Me things of which thou hast no knowledge, obey them not; yet bear them company in this life with justice (and consideration), and follow the way of those who turn to me (in love): in the end the return of you all is to Me, and I will tell you the truth (and meaning) of all that ye did.”

It is claimed that the Quran is giving contradicting information as to what a believer should do when unbelieving parents and brothers insist on worshipping their gods. In Surah 31:15 quoted above asks believers were to keep company with unbelieving parents even if they insist on following their religion, but stated in conflict also that which asks believers not to take their fathers and brothers as protectors if they disbelieved as stated in Surah 9:23 O ye who believe! take not for protectors your fathers and your brothers if they love infidelity above Faith: if any of you do so, they do wrong. These verses of course appear in different contexts. Apologists can argue that verse 9:23 is applicable only in the context of hostilities and not otherwise. Then we have to define what is hostility. We must not forget that many passages in the Quran reflect a hostile environment of fluctuating fortunes between believers and unbelievers. Since neither the Surah nor all the verses within a Surah are arranged chronologically, the contexts of these `revelation’ become that much difficult to understand. Interestingly, verse 31:15 also seems to appear in the context of `Striving’ from the Unbelievers’ side. Note the word `Jahada’!

There is no inconsistency in the relationship between parents and siblings in the Quran. Muslims were asked not to take protector of parent only if they strive or force their siblings to make partners to Allah as stated in Surah 60:1-3 O ye who believe! Take not my enemies and yours as protectors, offering them (your) love, even though they have rejected the Truth that has come to you, and have (on the contrary) driven out the Prophet and yourselves (from your homes), (simply) because ye believe in Allah your Lord! If ye have come out to strive in My Way and to seek My Good Pleasure, (take them not as protectors), holding secret converse of love (and friendship) with them: for I know full well all that ye conceal and all that ye reveal. And any of you that does this has strayed from the Straight Path. If they were to get the better of you, they would behave to you as enemies, and stretch forth their hands and their tongues against you for evil: and they desire that ye should reject the Truth. Of no profit to you will be your relatives and your children on the Day of Judgment: He will judge between you: for Allah sees well all that ye do. In such a situation we are not to obey them if they used force as in Surah 29:8 We have enjoined on man kindness to parents: but if they (either of them) strive (to force) thee to join with Me (in worship) anything of which thou hast no knowledge, obey them not. Ye have (all) to return to me, and I will tell you the truth of all that ye did. The relationship therefore of being kindness to parents must be maintained as in Surah 31:14-15 And We have enjoined on man (to be good) to his parents: in travail upon travail did his mother bear him, and in years twain was his weaning: (hear the command), “Show gratitude to Me and to thy parents: to Me is thy final Goal. “But if they strive to make thee join in worship with Me things of which thou hast no knowledge, obey them not; yet bear them company in this life with justice (and consideration), and follow the way of those who turn to me (in love): in the end the return of you all is to Me, and I will tell you the truth (and meaning) of all that ye did.”

In an example to show how the relationship is to be maintained even when the father showed his anger at the son in the story of Abraham, he still prayed for the welfare of his father as stated in Surah 19:46-48 (The father) replied: “Dost thou hate my gods, O Abraham? If thou forbear not, I will indeed stone thee: Now get away from me for a good long while!” Abraham said: “Peace be on thee: I will pray to my Lord for thy forgiveness: for He is to me Most Gracious. “And I will turn away from you (all) and from those whom ye invoke besides Allah. I will call on my Lord: perhaps, by my prayer to my Lord, I shall be not unblest.”

Thus, do not take them as protector if they strive to force out of one’s believe but one is supposed to maintain with kindness in the parent-siblings relationship. In Surah 17:23-24 Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but Him, and that ye be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in thy life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor repel them, but address them in terms of honour. And, out of kindness, lower to them the wing of humility, and say: “My Lord! bestow on them thy Mercy even as they cherished me in childhood.”




Five daily obligatory prayers in the Quran


This article is to feature the most important evidences stated in the Quran to come out with the conclusion the number of times a Muslim have to establish their daily obligatory prayers. One of the most misleading argument in the number of prayers commanded by Allah in the Quran is based on the number of names of prayer mentioned in the Quran. They contended that there are only three prayer names mentioned –

1- Salat Al-Fajr (Dawn Prayer) 24:58. 2- Al-Salat Al-Wusta (The Middle Prayer) 2:238 3- Salat Al-Isha (Night Prayer) 24:58

On the contrary, Allah commanded in the Quran to establish the prayers is not based on specific names but on specific times as stated in Surah 4:103 When ye pass (Congregational) prayers, celebrate Allah’s praises, standing, sitting down, or lying down on your sides; but when ye are free from danger, set up Regular Prayers: For such prayers are enjoined on believers at specific times.

If one can initiate contemplating just one verse in the Quran at Surah 2:238 it is conclusive enough to show that the number of prayers Muslims have to perform daily is more than three! At Surah 2:238 Guard strictly your (habit of) prayers and the Middle Prayer; and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind). This single verse show prayers in plural where the Arabic word prayers or “As Salawaat” must come with a plural of three or more. In the case of Surah 2:238 since there is mentioned of plural in prayers “and the Middle prayer” a plural of three times of prayer cannot accommodate this “Middle prayer” or in another word a three plus one prayers which give a total of four times of prayers, an even number cannot have a “middle”. Only an odd total number of the times of prayer can have a middle time located among the other four times of prayer. It is therefore conclusive enough that the number of times of prayer commanded by Allah in the Quran is five and this number is supported by various verses as indicated and explained below.

The verses indicating the five specific times of prayers in the Quran is as quoted in

Surah 11:114 And establish regular prayers at the two ends of the day and at the approaches of the night. In this verse it is mentioned there are three specific times of prayer by which the two ends of the day make up the early part of the day is the time of sunrise and the other end of the day is the time of sunset. The other specific time mention is the early part of the night. In Arabic the three specific times is known as the time of Fajar, Maghrib and Ishaa.

In Surah 17:78 “Establish regular prayers at the sun’s decline towards the darkness of the night.” This specific time is when the sun decline from its zenith at noon pointing towards the night. Allah mentioned in this verse the sun decline at noon pointing towards the night in order to avoid it being duplicate to that of sunset or maghrib which is the other specific time of prayer mentioned in Surah 11:114 previously.

The four times mentioned so far are sunrise or fajar at Surah 11:114; Noon or Dhzur at Surah 17:78); Sunset or Maghrib at Surah 11:114 and Night or Ishaa at Surah 11:114)

Apart from the above four timings, Allah also mention the time of business at Surah 62:9-10 O ye who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on the Day of Congregation, hasten earnestly to the Remembrance of Allah, and leave off business (and traffic): That is best for you if ye but knew! And when the Prayer is finished, then may ye disperse through the land, and seek of the Bounty of Allah.

It is common in the Arab world from the time of the Prophet (Pbuh) until modern times the “business or commercial time” is most active at late noon after the Arabs have taken a short afternoon nap but before the time of sunset. This “business time” at late noon when trading is active conform to the Middle prayer as stated in Surah 2:238 as it satisfy the meaning in term of “middle” among the four other prayer times and also in term of equal time span or in the midst between two prayer times which is between the time when the sun decline from its zenith at noon or dzhor at Surah 17:78 and at the time of sunset or maghrib at Surah 11:114. It is therefore true in form as “middle” in term of name among four times of prayers and in term of time span or duration between two known prayer times between noon and sunset.

Thus, with the above evidences in the Quran all the specific times of prayer for Muslims can be accounted as follows

The early end of the day at Surah 11:114 is sunrise or fajar.

The specific time at the sun’s decline from its zenith 17:78 at noon is noon or dzhor.

The business or trading time at Surah 62:9-10 as the Middle Prayer at Surah 2:238.

The late end of the day at Surah 11:114 is sunset or maghrib.

The night prayer at Surah 11:114 is early night or ishaa.

And all the timings of the above five specific times of prayer is the time to establish the prayers and must be guarded or preserved well as Allah commanded at S2:238 Guard strictly your prayers, and the Middle Prayer; and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind).

Further to consolidate that it is five specific times that is being commanded for the daily prayers, the times is fixed and can be easily calculated based on the movement of the sun. It is time to pray when the sun starts to rise. After rising the time when the sun starts to decline from its zenith at noon is the sign of the specific time to pray. It is time to pray again during the busy trading times when the sun is midpoint between the time it declines at noon and its setting in the evening. When the sun starts to set at the horizon is another specific time to pray and finally when the sun sink and all form of light is hidden and total darkness prevails is the last specific time for Muslims to establish their prayers which is at night time.

Thus, any other argument whether there are only three specific times of prayer or there is no form of any ritual prayers in the Quran will cause contradiction against the verses stated above and most important they cannot reconcile the specific times of their prayer to that fixed by Allah mentioned in all the verses in the Quran. And when it causes contradiction it is stated in the Quran In Surah 4:82 Do they not consider the Qur’an (with care)? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein Much discrepancy.



Make no distinction towards the messengers of Allah


In the religion of Islam the way of righteousness is to believe in God; taking Him at His word and obeying concerning the things He commanded and one of the ruling He commanded is to believe in His messengers and to make no distinction among all His messengers. This is because mankind is one nation as stated in Surah 21:92 Verily, this brotherhood of yours is a single brotherhood, and I am your Lord and Cherisher: therefore serve Me (and no other).

The Islamic article of faith is clearly manifest in the Quran at Surah 2:177 It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces towards east or west; but it is righteousness- to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity; to fulfill the contracts which ye have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the Allah-fearing. The main reason to believe in His messengers is as stated in Surah 4:136 O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the scripture which He hath sent to His Messenger and the scripture which He sent to those before (him). Any who deny Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Day of Judgment, hath gone far, far astray. During the past Allah make a covenant with the Children of Israel to believe in all His messengers as stated in Surah 5:12 Allah did aforetime take a covenant from the Children of Israel, and we appointed twelve captains among them. And Allah said: “I am with you: if ye (but) establish regular prayers, practice regular charity, believe in my messengers, honor and assist them, and loan to Allah a beautiful loan, verily I will wipe out from you your evils, and admit you to gardens with rivers flowing beneath; but if any of you, after this, resist faith, he hath truly wandered from the path or rectitude.” And in the Quran, the book of the last messenger, Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) mankind was commanded to believe and follow him as stated in Surah 7:158 Say: “O men! I am sent unto you all, as the Messenger of Allah, to Whom belong the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He: it is He That give both life and death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believeth in Allah and His words: follow him that (so) ye may be guided.”

All the messengers were sent with the same mission that they were to warn and give glad tidings to mankind as stated at Surah 6:48 We send the messengers only to give good news and to warn: so those who believe and mend (their lives), upon them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. Further it is stated in Surah 18:56 We only send the messengers to give Glad Tidings and to give warnings: But the unbelievers dispute with vain argument, in order therewith to weaken the truth, and they treat My Signs as a jest, as also the fact that they are warned! Furthermore Allah justified His action sending messengers to all communities because ultimately nobody can give any excuse as stated in Surah 4:165 Messengers who gave good news as well as warning, that mankind, after (the coming) of the messengers, should have no plea against Allah: For Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise. Ultimately in the hereafter those who failed in this world to follow the right path will admit and cannot deny that they were warned as confirmed by Surah 67 6-11 For those who reject their Lord (and Cherisher) is the Penalty of Hell: and evil is (such), destination. When they are cast therein, they will hear the (terrible) drawing in of its breath even as it blazes forth, almost bursting with fury: Every time a Group is cast therein, its Keepers will ask, “Did no Warner come to you?” They will say: “Yes indeed; a Warner did come to us, but we rejected him and said, ‘(Allah) never sent down any (Message): ye are nothing but an egregious delusion!'” They will further say: “Had we but listened or used our intelligence, we should not (now) be among the Companions of the Blazing Fire!” They will then confess their sins: but far will be (Forgiveness) from the Companions of the Blazing Fire!

Allah is impartial He had been sending messengers to all the communities in this world and no community had been neglected as stated in Surah 16:36 “And We have indeed sent a Messenger to every Ummah (community, nation) (saying): “Worship Allah (Alone), and shun the Taghut (all false deities)” Then among them were some whom Allah guided, and among them were some who deserved to be left to stray. So travel through the land and see the end of those who denied (the truth)” Nevertheless the examples given in the Quran is ample to show the various communities which has received their messengers like the people of Noah, Hud of the Aad, Salleh of the Thamud and many more listed in the Quran but some of the stories of the messengers was not told in the Quran as stated in Surah 40:78 We did aforetime send messengers before thee (O Muhammad): of them there are some whose story We have related to thee, and some whose story We have not related to thee. It was not (possible) for any messenger to bring a sign except by the leave of Allah: but when the Command of Allah issued, the matter was decided in truth and justice, and there perished, there and then those who stood on falsehoods.

However it is Allah’s prerogative whom He chooses to be His messengers and it is His prerogative to rank them in the eyes of the world to perceive as is indicated in Surah 3:179 Allah will not leave the believers in the state in which ye are now, until He separates what is evil from what is good nor will He disclose to you the secrets of the Unseen. But He chooses of His Messengers whom He pleases. So believe in Allah. And His messengers: And if ye believe and do right, ye have a reward without measure. Furthermore being All Mighty is Allah, He is also the One who can rank His messengers as He pleases as stated in Surah 2;253 Those messengers We endowed with gifts, some above others: To one of them Allah spoke; others He raised to degrees (of honor); to Jesus the son of Mary We gave clear (Signs), and strengthened him with the holy spirit. If Allah had so willed, succeeding generations would not have fought among each other, after clear (Signs) had come to them, but they (chose) to wrangle, some believing and others rejecting. If Allah had so willed, they would not have fought each other; but Allah fulfill His plan. And In addition as stated in Surah 17:55 And it is your Lord that know best all beings that are in the heavens and on earth: We did bestow on some prophets more (and other) gifts than on others: and We gave to David (the gift of) the Psalms. As being such this is Allah He is God and He can say of His favorite messengers by ranking them but this is His prerogative and is absolutely His privilege but it is impermissible for any human to do.

For mankind Allah commanded those who believe to treat all of His messengers as equal and that they should believe, honor and to follow their examples as depicted in Allah’s guidance in the Quran. The command is clear as stated in Surah 2:136 Say ye: “We believe in Allah, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Ismael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) prophets from their Lord: We make no difference between one and another of them: And we bow to Allah (in Islam).” And as a covenant to Allah His messenger pledged to obey this command and as believers we should be following his example by making the similar declaration as stated in Surah 2:285 The Messenger believe in what hath been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the men of faith. Each one (of them) believeth in Allah, His angels, His books, and His messengers. “We make no distinction (they say) between one and another of His messengers.” And they say: “We hear, and we obey: (We seek) Thy forgiveness, our Lord, and to Thee is the end of all journeys.” These people who believes and make no distinction among the messengers Allah promise them of their reward as stated in Surah 4:152 To those who believe in Allah and His apostles and make no distinction between any of the apostles, we shall soon give their (due) rewards: for Allah is Oft- forgiving, Most Merciful.

Thus since those who make no distinction among the messengers will receive the rewards from their Lord then those who disobeys by making distinction are committing sin whether they realized it or not. A few citations can be mentioned as an abuse of the directive given by Allah is clearly seen in the example of making declaration to be a Muslim in which only one messenger is mentioned of the messenger Muhammad (Pbuh) instead of declaring as stated in Surah 2:136 or Surah 4:84.which is declared by Prophet Muhammad himself (Pbuh). Furthermore to become muslim, the Prophet Muhammad followed the way of Prophet Abraham (Pbuh) as stated in Surah 2:131 When his Lord said to him, Be a Muslim, he (Abraham) said: I submit (aslamtu) myself to the Lord of the worlds. There is no distinction among the messengers as this same declaration is being done by all the other prophets and messengers od Allah. This is evidence from Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) who follow the Prophet Abraham (Pbuh) as stated in Surah 3:68 Without doubt, among men, the nearest of kin to Abraham, are those who follow him, as are also this Prophet and those who believe: And Allah is the Protector of those who have faith. It can be clearly seen that both of them declared the same declaration at Surah 2:131 for prophet Abraham (Pbuh) and for Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) at Surah 40:66 Say: “I have been forbidden to invoke those whom ye invoke besides Allah, seeing that the Clear Signs have come to me from my Lord; and I have been commanded to bow (in Islam) to the Lord of the Worlds.” And those who follow the Prophet Muhammad will do the same as stated in Surah 3:20 So if they dispute with thee, say: “I have submitted (aslamtu) My whole self to Allah and so have those who follow me.” And say to the People of the Book and to those who are unlearned: “Do ye (also) submit (aslamtum) yourselves?” If they do they are in right guidance, but if they turn back, Thy duty is to convey the Message; and in Allah’s sight are (all) His servants. In another example to be a muslim which happened during the time of Solomon, the Queen of Saba did declared the same as stated in Surah 27:44 She was asked to enter the lofty Palace: but when she saw it, she thought it was a lake of water, and she (tucked up her skirts), uncovering her legs. He said: “This is but a palace paved smooth with slabs of glass.” She said: “O my Lord! I have indeed wronged my soul: I do (now) submit (aslamtu), with Solomon, to the Lord of the Worlds.” From these stories related in the Quran it can be reiterated that this offend is glaring during recitation in the daily prayers where only Prophet Muhammad and Prophet Abraham names and their families have been mentioned making them distinction from other prophets and messengers. However none shall commit unnecessary sin if one follows the examples shown above by the guidance in the Quran.

For those who disbelieve in Allah’s messengers and make distinction among them in term of rank and importance will receive the penalty due to them as stated in Surah 4:150-152 Those who deny Allah and His apostles, and (those who) wish to separate Allah from His apostles, saying: “We believe in some but reject others”: And (those who) wish to take a course midway, They are in truth (equally) unbelievers; and we have prepared for unbelievers a humiliating punishment. To those who believe in Allah and His messengers and make no distinction between any of the messengers, we shall soon give their (due) rewards: for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. Finally it is stated in Surah 21:50 And this is a blessed Message which We have sent down: will ye then reject it?




Prostration the action of humility to God and fellow human


In the Quran God encourages us many times to fall prostrate to Him. The provision to fall prostrate to God is a compulsory daily action in which the main features is to pray to Him, praise and glorify Him. It is common knowledge ‘Prostration’ is a humble act of submitting and surrendering oneself to another. However in the Quran there are many degrees in the action of prostration as its teaches us apart of showing the action of humility to Allah there is also the action to show humility to fellow human being.

The evidence from the Quran that there is prostration to Allah but there is also prostration to show humility to fellow human is narrated in Surah 12:100 And he raised his parents high on the throne (of dignity), and they fell down in prostration, (all) before him. He said: “O my father! This is the fulfillment of my vision of old! Allah hath made it come true! He was indeed good to me when He took me out of prison and brought you (all here) out of the desert, (even) after Satan had sown enmity between me and my brothers. Verily my Lord understands best the mysteries of all He plan to do for verily He is full of knowledge and wisdom. With this verse it may look contradictory when there is also a command by Allah which says in Surah 41:37 Among His Signs are the Night and the Day, and the Sun and the Moon. Do not prostrate to the sun and the moon, but prostrate to Allah, Who created them, if it is Him ye wish to serve. If one is to compare it to Surah 12:100 mentioned above it looks like one verse asks people not to prostrate or worship others than Allah, while the other asks some people to prostrate or worship Joseph! Such situation could become an embarrassment if one is to see a Muslim prostrating to another person? The sun and the moon are the signs of Allah, but do not worship them; prostrate only to Allah who has created them.

However from the message of Quran there will not be any problem with the above situation as there are evidences prostration has various meanings with definite action to show humility or how to be humble not only to Allah but to fellow humans. There is different degree in the Quran regarding being humility to Allah and being humility to fellow human. The general action of humbling oneself due to the process of prostration according to the Quran is the standard action to move the head by mere lowering of the chins. The general action of humility is as described in Surah 17:107 Say: “Whether ye believe in it or not, it is true that those who were given knowledge beforehand, when it is recited to them, lower (yakhiruu) to the chins (lilazqani) in humble prostration. This is a description of the first posture to show the action of prostration of humility while on the standing position the head moves the chin to humble itself on the neck. This is not an uncommon ways of showing humility as it is done by the Japanese and the Korean. They lower their chins once or several times towards the necks in front of a guest to show their humility and respect. After the standing position the next action to show humility in the Quran is stated in Surah 38:24 (David) said: “He has undoubtedly wronged thee in demanding thy (single) ewe to be added to his (flock of) ewes: truly many are the partners (in business) who wrong each other: Not so do those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, and how few are they?” And David gathered that We had tried him: he asked forgiveness of his Lord, fell down bowing (Kharra rakeaan), and turned (to Allah in repentance). Here bowing is the lowering of the chin beyond the neck to bring the head down to the same level as if one is to kneel. Although the Muslim bowing is not the same as kneeling but when the two hands is placed on the knees the chins and the head will automatically be at the same level that of kneeling. This is a common way of showing respect in the case of English kings and queens and also those of Europe. The humblest action of prostration is stated as In Surah 37:103 “So when they had both submitted their wills (to Allah), and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (for sacrifice.)“ shows us the third example of prostration of humility in the Quran. Whenever the chin is lowered and the forehead is placed on the ground the two palms of the hands and the two knees will also be on the ground and this the prostration of submission which is the humblest form of humility.

Thus in describing the action of worshipping Allah a Muslim will have to demonstrate all the three action of stand with the chins on the neck, bow by lowering the head with the two hands placed on the knees and lastly prostrate on the forehead with the two hands and both the knees on the ground. This is the command of Allah to establish worship at Surah 22:26 Behold! We gave the site, to Abraham, of the (Sacred) House, (saying): “Associate not anything (in worship) with Me; and sanctify My House for those who compass it round, and stand up and bow to prostrate themselves (therein in prayer). A one stand, bow and to prostrate in submission is called a unit of prayer to worship Allah.

And from the Quran the obligatory daily prayer Allah allowed to do two stands or one stand as stated in Surah 34:46 Say: “I do admonish you on one point: that ye do standup before Allah, (It may be) in pairs, or (it may be) singly, and reflect (within yourselves). The ideal in prayer is to do two units of prayer but one stand of unit is done when one is on a journey or in fear by reducing the unit and time for the prayer. As illustrated above the prostration of submission the humblest form of humility by placing the forehead on the floor and this is only reserved for Allah. The respect or to show humility to fellow human can take the other two forms of prostration standing with the chins lowered and bowing or kneeling with the chins hanging half way to the ground.

Nevertheless with the three positions of prostration to show humility having been defined, prostration in the case of Joseph at Surah 12:100 can be described that all of his brothers and parents showed to him the respect or humility by lowering their chins to the necks while in a standing position. This form of humility for dignitaries is quite common today in the standing with the chins lowered. The other example shown in Surah 2:58 “And remember We said: “Enter this town, and eat of the plenty therein as ye wish; but enter the gate with prostration, in posture and in words”. As can be seen it is impossible to walk while in prostration and this is where prostration can be defined as in Surah 17:109 entering the gate by lowering the chins placed on the necks in prostration and saying humble words to the esidents. Thus there is a clear meaning in the Quran of prostration in submission to Allah and prostration to show humility to humans.

In worshipping Allah the Quran shows the example the prophet Muhammad did his action of humility as stated in Surah 4:102 When thou (O Messenger) art with them, and stand to lead them in prayer. And his submission as in Surah 48:29 Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and those who are with him are strong against Unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other. Thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. Thus the three position in worshipping Allah is by standing, bow and submission in prostration.



Is there compulsion in Islam?


Here is the most important message in the Quran which stand as the main principle of the religion of Islam. Surah 2:256 – Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold that never breaks. And Allah hears and knows all things.

The above verse S2:256 clearly say there is no compulsion in religion. There were claims that on the contrary there are other verses in the Quran suggesting there is compulsion, see the following verses below:-

“And an announcement from Allah and His Messenger, to the people (assembled) on the day of the Great Pilgrimage, that Allah and His Messenger dissolve (treaty) obligations with the Pagans. If then, ye repent it will be best for you; but if ye turn away, know ye that ye cannot frustrate Allah. And proclaim a grievous penalty to those who reject Faith,” (Surah 9:3).

“But when the forbidden months are past, then fight and slay the Pagans wherever ye find them, and seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war); but if they repent, and establish regular prayers and practice regular charity, then open the way for them: for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful,” (Surah 9:5).

Fight those who believe not in Allah or the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth, (even if they are) of the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued,” (Surah 9:29).

It can therefore be concluded from the above verses the pagans were compel to repent and forced to become Muslims when the forbidden months is past which is four months and if they do not repent then war can be declared on them. Furthermore there is command to fight the disbelievers and the people of the book if they do not pay the ‘jizyah” with willing submission as described at Surah 9:29 above which lead down to compulsion in religion.

The claim that there is compulsion in religion in the Quran in contradiction to the Surah 2:256 must first be understood whether Islam as a belief system is enforced on the other non-Muslim communities. The pagan or the People of the Book were not being forced because of their belief but they were being forced to settle their income tax (Jizyah) which has become due to the Islamic authority in which they refused to pay.

The description of the pagan or the idolaters according to the Quran were not only those who put partners to Allah but it also includes a believer who is a Muslim if he did not pay the alms (zakat) were also defined and classified as a pagan or idolater. The following verses will show the two categories of pagan as stated:- Surah 6:137 Even so, in the eyes of most of the pagans (mushrikin), their “partners” made alluring the slaughter of their children, in order to lead them to their own destruction, and cause confusion in their religion. If Allah had willed, they would not have done so: But leave alone them and their inventions. While the other kind of description of a pagan is stated in the verse below as one who is a Muslim but refused to pay the alms (zakat) is also classified as a pagan in the Quran as stated:- Surah 41:6-7 Say thou: “I am but a man like you: It is revealed to me by Inspiration, that your Allah is one Allah: so stand true to Him, and ask for His Forgiveness.” And woes to those idolaters (mushrikin).those who practice not regular charity (zakat), and who even deny the Hereafter.

In such a situation those Muslims who refused to pay the alms or zakat as stated in Surah 41:6-7 quoted above is also classified under the same category as the pagan. Unless and until they pay the zakat war was declared upon them unless they repent by paying the zakat and establish regular prayers. There is therefore no compulsion in belief but there is compulsion to contribute to the state’s coffer. Similarly the People of the Book and the disbelievers they were not forced to become Muslim as stated in Surah 9:29 but it is the tax the Jizya which is the equivalent of the zakat paid by the Muslims that they have to pay. The taxable amount for all citizens is at a standard rate of one fifth or twenty percent of their income as stated in Surah 8:41: And know that out of all the booty that ye may acquire, a fifth share is assigned to Allah, and to the Messenger, and to near relatives, orphans, the needy, and the wayfarer, if ye do believe in Allah and in the revelation We sent down to Our servant on the Day of Testing, the Day of the meeting of the two forces. For Allah hath power over all things.

It can be seen that actually there is no difference in the amount to be paid to the state whether it involves the Muslims of non-Muslims It is only the name of the word used of the tax or alms paid by the Muslims is called the “zakat” while the word alms to be paid by the people of the book and the disbelievers is called the “jizyah” but the percentage of the taxable income is common to all citizens irrespective of their belief. The only reason different word of the alms is used is because when a Muslim pays the zakat apart from performing his duty to the state he is also purifying his soul to Allah as explained in Surah 92:18-20:- [He] who gives [from] his wealth to purify himself. And not [giving] for anyone who has [done him] a favor to be rewarded, But only seeking the countenance of his Lord, Most High. And in another example when a Muslim pays the alms he is discharging his duty for Allah as stated in Surah 9:103 “Of their goods, take alms, that so thou might purify and sanctify them; and pray on their behalf.” Thus it is compulsory for the Muslims to pay the zakat or they will be forced to pay. Nevertheless disbelievers including the People of the Book did not believe in Allah so they make payment as a duty they owe to the State and not as an action to purify himself. Therefore that is the main reason of the description for using the two different words “zakat’ and the word “jizyah”. It is to pay what is overdue in taxable income for all citizens to contribute to maintain the state’s administration and not a compulsion in belief so as to be converted to Islam.

Thus this payment of taxable income the “zakat” and the “jizyah” has nothing to do with freedom of religion or belief but it is regarding the payment which is enforced on the whole community irrespective whether one is a Muslim or a non-Muslim. The Muslim who refused to pay the zakat being branded as a pagan can therefore repent and settled the zakat amount but the disbeliever including the people of the book has nothing to repent but to pay the alms or the “jizyah” they owed to the authority. Those were the differences to explain the gist of what had been claimed to be a contradiction but the truth prevails that there is no compulsion in religion as propagated in the meaning of the Quran at S2:256.


Muhammad an Arab prophet.


There are claims by the Jews and the Christians that Prophet Muhammad (AS) is not a prophet being quoted anywhere in the Bible. This is because the Bible only claimed that the status of “Prophet hood” were not given to Ismael or any other race except for those of the Children of Israel.

The claimed is based on the verses as is stated in Psalms 147:19-20 He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel. He hath not dealt so with any nation: and as for his judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye the LORD. Thus from these verses of Psalms the Jews and Christians uphold that the line of prophets was to come only from Israel.

However the claim that prophets will only come from Israel is a cunning fabrication on the part of the Jews that if one traces back during the time of Abraham there is clear proof that certain parts of the Bible on Isaac being the only son to be sacrificed to the God of Abraham has been manipulated by the Jews to achieve their agenda of making their people prominent over other races will forever endure. Although both the sons of Abraham, Ismael and Isaac were acknowledged as being the seeds of Abraham as stated in Genesis 21:12-13 And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed.

Nevertheless it was the Jews who made Isaac as the chosen one to be the one God called on Abraham to be sacrificed and not the older son Ismael as stated in Genesis 22:1-2 And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am. And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

Here is where the Quran exposed the falsified account of the Jews that in truth there was never a command by God to sacrifice a child to anybody. Only a pagan society will sacrifice a human to appease their deities but not by any monotheistic religion especially of the religion of Abraham. The definition of human sacrifice as from Wikipedia states that human sacrifice is the act of killing one or more humans, usually as an offering to a deity, as part of a ritual. Human sacrifice has been practiced in various cultures throughout history. Victims were typically ritually killed in a manner that was supposed to please or appease gods, spirits or the deceased, for example as a propitiatory offering or as a retainer sacrifice when a king’s servants are killed in order for them to continue to serve their master in the next life. The real command to slaughter the preferred son showed the desperation of the Jews to do anything by even corrupting their scripture to preserve their agenda to be the people favored by God through the line of Isaac being the chosen for the sacrifice.

On the contrary the Quran version of the sacrifice was never a command of Allah but it was only a dream by Abraham and so there is no significant implied or expressed to whoever between the two sons was the one to be sacrificed as shown in Surah 37:102-107 Then, when (the son) reached (the age of) (serious) work with him, he said: “O my son! I see in a dream that I offer thee in sacrifice: Now see what thy view is!” (The son) said: “O my father! Do as thou art commanded: thou will find me, if Allah so wills one practicing patience and constancy!” So when they had both submitted their wills, and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (for sacrifice). We called out to him “O Abraham! Thou hast already fulfilled the dream!” – Thus indeed do We reward those who do right. For this was obviously a trial. And We ransomed him with a momentous sacrifice. Here is stated the difference that in the Quran Allah saved Abraham from trying to make his dream into reality but in the Bible it makes no difference whether it comes from God or the Devil himself it was an immoral command.

Thus the naming of the sacrificial son to be Isaac as he was the chosen one by God is a fabrication and no true God will issue such command unless he is the Devil himself. In the Quran it is stated Allah sends inspirations to whomever He pleases and it is not restricted only to the Children of Israel. The following verse of the Quran confirmed the reason the Jews refused to believe when Allah sent a prophet not from among their own people for reasons as follows:-

Surah 2:89-90 And when there comes to them a Book from Allah, confirming what is with them, although from of old they had prayed for victory against those without Faith, when there comes to them that which they (should) have recognized, they refuse to believe in it but the curse of Allah is on those without Faith. Miserable is the price for which they have sold their souls, in that they deny (the revelation) which Allah has sent down, in insolent envy that Allah of His Grace should send it to any of His servants He pleases: Thus have they drawn on themselves Wrath upon Wrath. And humiliating is the punishment of those who reject Faith.

Surah 3:78 There is among them a section who distort the Book with their tongues: (As they read) you would think it is a part of the Book, but it is no part of the Book; and they say, “That is from Allah,” but it is not from Allah: It is they who tell a lie against Allah, and (well) they know it!


Claim of contradiction in Quranic intercession


It is stated there is no intercession in Surah 2:254 – O ye who believe! Spend out of (the bounties) We have provided for you, before the Day comes when no bargaining (Will avail), nor friendship nor intercession. Those who reject faith they are the wrong-doers.

The Quran however being claimed makes contradictory statements on intercession where some verses say there is no intercession but some verses are stating there is intercession. Here are some examples of no intercession:-

O children of Israel! Call to mind My favor which I bestowed on you and that I made you excel the nations. And be on your guard against a day when one soul shall not avail another in the least, neither shall intercession on its behalf be accepted, nor shall any compensation be taken from it, nor shall they be helped. (Surah 2:47-48) and the same is stated in Surah 2:122-123)

These two passages quoted above make it clear that intercession will not avail any person, not just the Israelites, since the references to “No soul” and “One soul” not availing another naturally includes every human being.

And the Quran even says that even prophets and angels can only hope for God’s mercy and none else: Say: Cry unto those (saints and angels) whom ye assume (to be gods) beside Him, yet they have no power to rid you of misfortune or to change. Those unto whom they cry seek the way of approach to their Lord, which of them shall be the nearest; they hope for His mercy and they fear His doom. Lo! The doom of thy Lord is to be shunned. (Surah 17:56-57).

The next set of verses of the Quran will look like contradicting the preceding verses quoted earlier regarding the permissibility of intercession:

Allah! There is no god but He, the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him or sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permit? He know what (appear to His creatures as) before or after or behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He will. His Throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory). (Surah 2:255).

And in another verse it is stated: Verily your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and is firmly established on the throne (of authority), regulating and governing all things. No intercessor (can plead with Him) except after His leave (hath been obtained). This is Allah your Lord; Him therefore serve ye: will ye not receive admonition? (Surah10:3)

On the day when We shall gather the righteous unto the Beneficent, a goodly company. And drive the guilty unto hell, a weary herd, They will have no power of intercession, save him who hath made a covenant with his Lord. (Surah19:85-87)

On that Day shall no intercession avail except for those for whom permission has been granted by (Allah) Most Gracious and whose word is acceptable to Him. (Surah 20:109)

And We did not send before you any messenger but We revealed to him that there is no god but Me, therefore serve Me. And they say: The Beneficent Allah has taken to Himself a son. Glory be to Him. Nay! They are honored servants, they do not precede Him in speech and (only) according to His commandment do they act. He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they do not intercede except for him whom He approves and for fear of Him they tremble. And whoever of them should say: Surely I am a god besides Him, such a one do We recompense with hell; thus do, We recompense the unjust. (Surah 21:25-29)

“No intercession can avail in His Presence, except for those for whom He has granted permission. So far (is this the case) that, when terror is removed from their hearts (at the Day of Judgment, then) will they say, ‘what is it that your Lord commanded?’ they will say, ‘That which is true and just; and He is the Most High Most Great’.” (Surah 34:23)

And those unto whom they cry instead of Him possess no power of intercession, saving him who bear witness unto the Truth knowingly. (Surah 43:86)

How many-so-ever be the angels in the heavens, their intercession will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He pleases and that he is acceptable to Him. (Surah 53:26)

To answer whether there is contradiction or not on the alleged case of intercession based on all the given verses above one has to determine and to know the definition of intercede or what is intercession and below are some of the meanings given by various dictionaries as stated:-

Oxford dictionary defined “intercede” as “intervene on behalf of another”; Longman dictionary defined it as “to speak in support of someone, especially in order to try to prevent them from being punished”; while Merriam-Webster defined it as “to try to help settle an argument or disagreement between two or more people or groups: to speak to someone in order to defend or help another person.”

Thus in the matter of intercession taking the definition from above meanings and according to the Quran Allah will never allow those who has sinned and done evil deeds being interceded by anyone even of those whom He loved. This is so in the case of Noah who pleaded for his son who had sinned in which Allah’s replied when “He said: “O Noah! He is not of thy family: For his conduct is unrighteous. So ask not of Me that of which thou hast no knowledge! I give thee counsel, lest thou act like the ignorant!” (Surah 11:46). A similar situation happened to Abraham when he prayed for his pagan father as stated in Surah 19:47 he says “Peace be on thee: I will pray to my Lord for thy forgiveness: for He is to me Most Gracious. But the Quran forbid such prayer if the person we prayed for is an obvious rejecter and an enemy to Allah as stated in Surah 58:22 “Thou wilt not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, loving those who resist Allah and His Messenger, even though they were their fathers or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred. For such He has written faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with a spirit from Himself. And thus in Surah 9:114 Abraham stopped praying for his father as quoted “And Abraham prayed for his father’s forgiveness only because of a promise he had made to him. But when it became clear to him that he was an enemy to Allah, he dissociated himself from him: for Abraham was most tender-hearted, forbearing.

It is therefore clearly not wrong for anyone to intercede for someone when he is only for doing of deeds which is of good and not for the doing of evil and the following verse substantiate this claim as stated in Surah 4:85 “Whoever intercedes and helps a good cause becomes a partner therein: And whoever intercedes and helps an evil cause, shares in its burden: And Allah hath power over all things.

And even the angels will not intercede for an evil deed as Allah only take that is acceptable to Him that is of their good deeds as confirmed in Surah 53:26 “How many-so-ever be the angels in the heavens, their intercession will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He pleases and that he is acceptable to Him.” And also in Surah 21:28 He knows what is before them, and what is behind them, and they offer no intercession except for those who are acceptable, and they stand in awe and reverence of His (Glory). And in Surah 78:38 “The Day that the Spirit and the angels will stand forth in ranks, none shall speak except any who is permitted by (Allah) Most Gracious, and He will say what is right.

Such being the case the angels who intercede for the deeds of those who do good will be acceptable by Allah as in this example:-

Those who sustain the Throne (of Allah) and those around it Sing Glory and Praise to their Lord; believe in Him; and implore Forgiveness for those who believe: “Our Lord! Thy Reach is over all things, in Mercy and Knowledge. Forgive, then, those who turn in Repentance, and follow Thy Path; and preserve them from the Penalty of the Blazing Fire! And grant, our Lord! That they enter the Gardens of Eternity, which Thou hast promised to them, and to the righteous among their fathers, their wives, and their posterity! For Thou art (He), the Exalted in Might, Full of Wisdom. And preserve them from (all) ills; and any whom Thou dost preserve from ills that Day, on them wilt Thou have bestowed Mercy indeed: and that will be truly (for them) the highest Achievement.” (Surah 40:7-9)

Thus Allah only permits those who intercede on behalf for others for doing a good deed and not of evil that they do and therefore there is no contradiction in the concept of intercession of the Quran. Those who reject Allah and His message will never get intercession by anybody for his salvation but his punishment will be due to him.

The Quran says: Nor can a bearer of burdens bear another’s burdens if one heavily laden should call another to (bear) his load. Not the least portion of it can be carried (by the other). Even though he be nearly related. Thou canst but admonish such as fear their Lord unseen and establish regular Prayer. And whoever purifies himself does so for the benefit of his own soul; and the destination (of all) is to Allah. (Surah 35:8)


Will Jesus burn in hell?


From the verse of the Quran at Surah 3:45 it is stated – Behold! The angels said: “O Mary! Allah Give thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honor in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to Allah.

A query was made will Jesus burn in Hell? It is stated in the Quran Jesus is raised to Allah at Surah 4:158 “Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise” and as the verse Surah 3:45 above described him (Jesus) being held in honor in this world and in the hereafter while at the same time he is being worshipped by millions of Christians. Yet it is claimed will the Quran not fall into contradiction when it says that all that are worshiped by men besides Allah will burn in hell together with those who worship them as stated in Surah 21:98:- Verily ye, (unbelievers), and the (false) gods that ye worship besides Allah, are (but) fuel for Hell! To it will ye (surely) come!

As far as the Quran message is concerned Jesus will not be in the category cited as god being worshipped in Surah 21:98 stated at the end of the above paragraph and he will not be burnt. First there is clear warning from Allah not to take Jesus as god besides Allah or as the son of Allah. The following verses of the Quran will qualify these warning respectively:-

In blasphemy indeed are those that say that Allah is Christ the son of Mary. Say: “Who then hath the least power against Allah, if His will were to destroy Christ the son of Mary, his mother, and all every – one that is on the earth? For to Allah belong the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between. He creates what He pleases. For Allah hath power over all things.” (Surah 5:17)

The Jews call ‘Uzair a son of Allah and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. Allah’s curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth! (Surah 9:30)

And because of the above warnings, Jesus will not be punished with those who worshipped him as he himself had commanded other to worship Allah alone as confirmed in Surah 5:72:-

They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah my Lord and your Lord!” Whoever joins other gods with Allah, Allah will forbid him the garden, and the fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.

Nevertheless the best refutation on the above alleged contradiction is that in the hereafter Jesus did not know that he was being worshipped by billions of Christians so how can he be punished with all those who worshipped him when he himself is unaware of being worshipped as exposed by the verse of the Quran below as stated:-

And behold! Allah will say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Didst thou say unto men, worship me and my mother as two gods in derogation of Allah’?” He will say: “Glory to Thee! Never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, thou wouldst indeed have known it. Thou know what is in my heart, Thou I know not what is in Thine. For Thou know in full all that is hidden. “Never said I to them aught except what Thou didst command me to say, to wit, ‘worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord’; and I was a witness over them whilst I dwelt amongst them; when Thou didst cause me to die Thou was the Watcher over them, and Thou art a witness to all things. (S5:116-117)

It can be concluded Jesus will not be in hell as he never claimed to be God and he was even not aware that billions of Christians worshipped him but the ones who will be punished are only those who worshipped him as God or son of God, they will be the ones who will be the fuel of hell fire.



How merciful is Allah’s mercy?


It is stated in Surah 6:12 – Say: “To who belong all that is in the heavens and on earth?” Say: “To Allah. He hath inscribed for Himself (the rule of) Mercy. That He will gather you together for the Day of Judgment, there is no doubt whatever. It is they who have lost their own souls that will not believe.

There are skeptics who say that the Quran claimed that Allah has prescribed mercy for himself as stated in the above verse at S6:12, yet they claimed He does not guide some, even though he could. They also claimed that although Allah said He is Most Merciful some verses in the Quran contradicted the claim as these two verses quoted respectively will tell as at S6:35 If their spurning is hard on thy mind, yet if thou wert able to seek a tunnel in the ground or a ladder to the skies and bring them a sign, (what good?). If it were Allah’s will, He could gather them together unto true guidance: so be not thou amongst those who are swayed by ignorance (and impatience)! And the other verse they claimed being stated is in S14:4 We sent not a messenger except (to teach) in the language of his (own) people, in order to make (things) clear to them. Now Allah leaves straying those whom He pleased and guides whom He pleases: and He is exalted in power, full of Wisdom. The example they gave to show that Allah is not that merciful is in the story of Adam and Eve how can there be mercy if both of them were not immediately forgiven just because they ate some fruits in the garden instead they were banished by Allah to other place as stated in S20:123 He said: “Get ye down, both of you, all together, from the Garden, with enmity one to another: but if, as is sure, there comes to you Guidance from Me, whosoever follows My Guidance, will not lose his way, nor fall into misery.

The problem with skeptics is that they read the Quran at random and then try to find loopholes but If one read the Quran earnestly one will certainly find there is mercy from Allah as the ultimate goal to us is the living in the garden of eternity which is prepared for those who are righteous after their sins is forgiven. And also to those whose hope is in Allah there is mercy as He is One who forgive again and again as described by the following verses of the Quran:- S15:49-50 Tell My servants that I am indeed the Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful, And that My Penalty will be indeed the most grievous Penalty. And it is stated in S40:3 Who forgive sin, accept repentance, is strict in punishment, and hath a long reach (in all things). There is no god but He: to Him is the final goal.

Nevertheless that being quoted He leaves straying whom He pleases and guide whom He pleases will depend on one own effort to be a disbeliever or to be of those who seek His guidance as defined by the following verses respectively:-

In S4:167-168 Those who reject Faith and keep off (men) from the way of Allah, have verily strayed far, far away from the Path. Those who reject Faith and do wrong, Allah will not forgive them nor guide them to anyway. That will be the consequence of those who purposely reject the signs of Allah and thus will be deprived of His guidance. However for the righteous it is different as stated in S19:76 “And Allah doth advance in guidance those who seek guidance: and the things that endure, good deeds, are best in the sight of thy Lord, as rewards, and best in respect of (their) eventual return.” This shows that those who stray went straying on their own account and those who is guided they take the guidance of Allah on their own account.

In the case of Adam and Eve there is forgiveness from Allah and the final return as stated S2:37-39 Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration, and his Lord turned towards him; for He is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful. We said: “Get ye down all from here; and if, as is sure, there comes to you Guidance from me, whosoever follows My guidance, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve “But those who reject Faith and belie Our Signs, they shall be companions of the Fire; they shall abide therein.”

On the Day of Judgment the good or bad deeds one had done will be manifested as stated in S3:30 “On the Day when every soul will be confronted with all the good it has done, and all the evil it has done, it will wish there were a great distance between it and its evil. But Allah cautions you (To remember) Himself. And Allah is full of kindness to those that serve Him.” And ultimately to each is his own decision to disbelieve or to believe in Allah as to find His guidance or to stray from His path as shown in the Book the Quran which state in S76:2-3 Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: So We gave him (the gifts), of hearing and sight. We showed him the Way: whether he be grateful or ungrateful (rests on his will).

And He gives you of all that ye ask for. But if ye count the favors of Allah, never will ye be able to number them. Verily, man is given up to injustice and ingratitude. (Surah 14:34) “But, without doubt, I am He that forgives again and again, to those who repent, believe, and do right, who, in fine, are ready to receive true guidance.” (Surah 20:82). “But if any have done wrong and have thereafter substituted good to take the place of evil, truly, I am Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah 27:11)


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