Author: Asar (page 1 of 5)

“Allah” is a name of God while “ilah” is the Arabic word for God.

Salam

It has been observed that many people and even some translators of the Arabic Quran into English made an oversight over the application of the word “Allah” and that of “ilah”. The common error is that they equate the meaning of the Arabic Allah is the same as ‘ilah” to mean God. However, Allah is the name of the God of Islam while “ilah” is the Arabic word meaning God. Allah has been the name of God coming from the compound Arabic word Al-ilah which means The God, and is derived from al (the) ilah (deity). The Arabic name for “God” is the word “Al-ilah”. With the definite article “The” or “Al” it is considered the Highest God. Allah had been the God worshipped by the Arab during Prophet Muhammad’s time and also prior of him before he was made the messenger. Nevertheless, the multiple of gods and goddesses to the Arab served specific purpose and apart from that they made those gods partners to the Highest God Allah. It was then the duty of the messenger to propagate to his community to serve and worship only One God Allah as stated in Surah 38:4-7 So they wonder that a Warner has come to them from among themselves! and the Unbelievers say, “This is a sorcerer telling lies! “Has he made the gods (all) into one Allah. Truly this is a wonderful thing!” And the leader among them go away (impatiently), (saying), “Walk ye away, and remain constant to your gods! For this is truly a thing designed (against you)! “We never heard (the like) of this among the people of these latter days: this is nothing but a made-up tale!”

The verses below confirmed that Allah is a name

>>>>>Surah 1:1-4 In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 2. Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds; Most Gracious, Most Merciful; Master of the Day of Judgment.

>>>>>Surah 17:110-111 Say: “Call upon Allah, or call upon Ar Rahman: by whatever name ye call upon Him, (it is well): for to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names. Neither speak thy Prayer aloud, nor speak it in a low tone, but seek a middle course between.” And Say: “Praise be to Allah, who begets no son, and has no partner in (His) dominion: Nor (needs) He any to protect Him from humiliation: yea, magnify Him for His greatness and glory!”

>>>>>Surah 7:180 The most beautiful names belong to Allah: so, call on him by them; but shun such men as use profanity in his names: for what they do, they will soon be requited.

The verses below will show the difference between a name of God Allah and word meaning God “ilah”

>>>>>Surah 2:163 Your God (ilahukum) is one (wahid) God (ilah): There is no god (ilah) but He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

>>>>>Surah 2:172 O ye who believe! Eat of the good things that We have provided for you, and be grateful to Allah, if it is Him ye worship.

>>>>>Surah 3:18 There is no god (ilah) but He: That is the witness of Allah, His angels, and those endued with knowledge, standing firm on justice. There is no god (ilah) but He, the Exalted in Power, the Wise.

>>>>>Surah 3:62 This is the true account: There is no god (ilah) except Allah; and Allah, He is indeed the Exalted in Power, the Wise.

>>>>>Surah 4:87 Allah! There is no god (ilah) but He: of a surety He will gather you together against the Day of Judgment, about which there is no doubt. And whose word can be truer than Allah’s?

>>>>>Surah 4:171 O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) a messenger of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him: so, believe in Allah and His messengers. Say not “Trinity”: desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is One God (ilahun wahidun): Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.

>>>>>Surah 9:31 They take their priests and their anchorites to be their lords in derogation of Allah, and (they take as their Lord) Christ the son of Mary; yet they were commanded to worship but One God (ilahan wahidan): there is no god (ilah) but He. Praise and glory to Him: (Far is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him).

>>>>>Surah 11:14 “If then they (your false gods) answer not your (call), know ye that this revelation is sent down (replete) with the knowledge of Allah, and that there is no god (ilah) but He! will ye even then submit (to Islam)?”

>>>>>Surah 13:30 Thus have we sent thee among a People before whom (long since) have (other) Peoples (gone and) passed away; in order that thou might rehearse unto them what We send down unto thee by inspiration; yet do they reject (Him), the Most Gracious! Say: “He is my Lord! There is no god (ilah) but He! On Him is my trust, and to Him do I turn!”

>>>>>Surah 14:52 Here is a Message for mankind: Let them take warning therefrom, and let them know that He is (no other than) One God (ilahun wahidun): let men of understanding take heed.

>>>>>Surah 16:2 He doth send down His angels with inspiration of His Command, to such of His servants as He please, (saying): “Warn (Man) that there is no god (ilah) but I: so, do your duty unto Me.”

>>>>>Surah 16:22 Your God (ilahukum) is One God (ilahun wahidun): as to those who believe not in the Hereafter, their hearts refuse to know, and they are arrogant.

>>>>>Surah 20:8 Allah! there is no god (ilah) but He! To Him belong the most Beautiful Names.

>>>>>Surah 20:14 “Verily, I am Allah: There is no god (ilah) but I: So worship thou Me (only), and establish regular prayer for celebrating My praise.

>>>>>Surah 20:98 But your God (ilahukum) is Allah: there is no god (ilah) but He: all things He comprehends in His knowledge.

>>>>>Surah 21:25 Not a messenger did We send before thee without this inspiration sent by Us to him: that there is no god (ilah) but I; therefore, worship Me.

>>>>>Surah 21:87 And remember Zun-nun, when he departed in wrath: He imagined that We had no power over him! But he cried through the depths of darkness, “There is no god (ilah) but thou: glory to thee: I was indeed wrong!”

>>>>>Surah 21:108 Say: “What has come to me by inspiration is that your God (ilahukum) is One God (ilahun wahidun): will ye therefore bow to His Will (in Islam)?”

>>>>>Surah 27:26 “Allah! There is no god (ilah) but He! Lord of the Throne Supreme!”

>>>>>Surah 28:70 And He is Allah: There is no god (ilah) but He. To Him be praise, at the first and at the last: for Him is the Command, and to Him shall ye be brought back.

>>>>>Surah 28:88 And call not, besides Allah, on another god (ilahan). There is no god (ilah) but He. Everything (that exists) will perish except His own Presence. To Him belongs the Command, and to Him will ye be brought back.

>>>>>Surah 37:4 Verily, verily, your God (ilahukum) is one!

>>>>>Surah 37:35 For they, when they were told that there is no god (ilah) except Allah, would puff themselves up with Pride,

>>>>>Surah 38:65 Say: “Truly am I a Warner: no god (ilahin) is there but the Allah, the One and Irresistible.

>>>>>Surah 40:16 The Day whereon they will (all) come forth: not a single thing concerning them is hidden from Allah. Whose will be the dominion that Day?” That of Allah, the One the Irresistible!

>>>>>Surah 40:84 But when they saw Our Punishment, they said: “We believe in Allah, the one and only and we reject the partners we used to join with Him.”

>>>>>Surah 44:8 There is no god (ilah) but He: It is He Who gives life and gives death, The Lord and Cherisher to you and your earliest ancestors.

>>>>>Surah 73:9 (He is) Lord of the East and the West: there is no god (ilah) but He: take Him therefore for (thy) Disposer of Affairs.

It is therefore an error when one speaks and make reference that “There is no god but God” It is always “There is no god but Allah”.

Asar

The number of stands (Rakaat) in an obligatory prayer

Salam,

Many devotees in Islam are still wandering whether their daily details in worshipping Allah especially the daily obligatory prayer is detailed in the Quran. Many still have the notion that the Quran is giving only the concept but the details are all quoted in the hadith which is claimed to be the actions and the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad. However, in this article the details of the actions of doing the daily obligatory prayers will be elaborated with supporting evidences from the Quran.

The daily obligatory prayers that today Muslims is doing is derived originally by following the actions of the Prophet Muhammad as shown in the Quran and that he was commanded to follow the religion of the Prophet Abraham as stated in Surah 3:68 Without doubt, among men, the nearest of kin to Abraham, are those who follow him, as are also this Prophet and those who believe: And Allah is the Protector of those who have faith. In the details of the Prophet Abraham doing the obligatory prayer this is his action of standing, bowing and prostration as shown in Surah 22:26 And when We assigned to Abraham the place of the House, saying: Do not associate with Me aught, and purify My House for those who make the circuit and stand to pray, and bow to prostrate themselves in prayers. This is the evidence from the Quran that the Prophet Abraham did his ritual obligatory in worshipping Allah by the action of standing, bow and doing the prostration. In the Quran this is known as doing one stand of establishing the prayer. However, in other Islamic religious books other than the Quran, instead of calling it one stand it is called “rakaat” which is actually the same action of standing, bowing and prostration.

Similarly, the Prophet Muhammad who followed the Prophet Abraham also did the same action of standing, bowing and prostration as stated in Surah 48:29 Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah, and those with him are firm of heart against the unbelievers, compassionate among themselves; you will see them bowing down, prostrating themselves, seeking grace from Allah and pleasure; their marks are in their faces because of the effect of prostration; that is their description in the Taurat and their description in the Injeel; like as seed-produce that puts forth its sprout, then strengthens it, so it becomes stout and stands firmly on its stem, delighting the sowers that He may enrage the unbelievers on account of them; Allah has promised those among them who believe and do good, forgiveness and a great reward. And the evidences that he was seen standing and doing his prostration in Surah 26:217-219 And put your trust in the Almighty, the All Merciful. The One Who sees you (O Muhammad) when you stand in prayer; and among those who prostrate themselves.

Nevertheless, it is stated in the Quran that the sequence of the standing, bow and prostration and the option given to the number of sequences or repetition one is commanded is stated in Surah 34:46 Say: “I do admonish you on one point: that ye do stand before Allah, (It may be) in pairs, or (it may be) singly, and reflect (within yourselves): your Companion is not possessed: he is no less than a warner to you, in face of a terrible Penalty.” This evidence shows in the verse is that when one is to stand to establish his prayer to Allah there is the option to do a pair (two times by repeating the sequence) of doing the stand, bow and prostrate or to do only one complete sequence. However, since the Surah 34:46 emphasized of mentioning doing two (a pair) instead of one, it can be elucidated that the priority is to do two instead of one complete stand, bow and prostrate It seems only on emergency during wartime, making journey or sickness then it is recommended to do one complete stand, bow and prostrate to shorten the time taken of doing a pair of stands. This options to do two or one stand is further shows by the action of the Prophet Muhammad doing his prayer in Surah 4:102.

In Surah 4:102 When thou (O Messenger) art with them, and stand to lead them in prayer, let one party of them stand up with thee, taking their arms with them: When they finish their prostrations, let them take their position in the rear. And let the other party come up which hath not yet prayed and let them prays with thee. In this verse it can be deduced the Prophet Muhammad continue to do another complete stand while some of his companions completed one stand and they moved to the rear to take caution for fearing that the disbelievers might make a sudden attack. The one complete stand therefore fulfilled the condition of the situation of emergency while the Prophet can complete his two stands with the others keeping vigilance over the security of the camp of the believers. Thus, it can be seen that from the evidences of the Quran, the Prophet Muhammad did the standing, bowing, prostrating and ends his prayer at the position of prostration. After finishing the prayer from the position of prostration, he would still continue in one of these positions praising God before he completed his worship by ending his call on God as stated in Surah 4:103 When ye pass (Congregational) prayers, celebrate Allah’s praises, standing, sitting down, or lying down on your sides; but when ye are free from danger, set up regular prayers: For such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times. Meanwhile, the verses of the Quran which allows the prayer to be shorten is as when these kinds of situations occur as stated in Surah 4:101 When ye travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if ye shorten your prayers, for fear the Unbelievers may attack you: For the Unbelievers are unto you being open enemies. This is the situation described in Surah 4:102 when some believers finished their prayer with a completed one stand, bow and prostrate sequence. The other situation is when one is travelling and he is worried that while riding due to the distance of the journey he will miss doing the prayer at the specific times commanded by Allah in the Quran and he is therefore  allowed to forego the normal action of stand, bow and prostrate as stated in Surah 2:239 If ye fear (missing the prayer), pray on foot, or riding, (as may be most convenient), but when ye are in security, celebrate Allah’s praises in the manner He has taught you, which ye knew not (before). In the event the traveller reaches his destination in time before the arrival of the next specific time of prayer, he is obliged to recompense the prayer he did while riding or walking with the normal ritual of completing normal stand, bow and prostrate.

It can be seen that in the Quran the prayers that is being commanded is simple and easy to be instituted. The command at Surah 34:46 to do two or one stands cover all the five daily prayers. There is no evidence to do more than two stands in any or all the five daily prayers, and devotees were commanded to say their prayer in middle tone as stated in Surah 17:110-111 Say: “Call upon Allah, or call upon Rahman: by whatever name ye call upon Him, (it is well): for to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names. Neither speak thy prayer aloud, nor speak it in a low tone, but seek a middle course between.” And say: “Praise be to Allah, who begets no son, and has no partner in (His) dominion: Nor (needs) He any to protect Him from humiliation: yea, magnify Him for His greatness and glory!” Although in a congregation there will some who opted to pray two stand and while those in a hurry take the option to pray with only one stand, it does not pose a problem as the religion of Islam in such a situation give focus and priority to unity of the congregation and not uniformity of the rituals. Nevertheless, the one who lead the prayer or the Imam must do the two stands ritual as shown by the example of what the Prophet did in Surah 4:102 when he was leading his congregation in prayer.

Asar

 

Is the Torah like the Qur’an Surah 28:48-49

Salam,

This article is in response to Sam Shamoun and Jochen Katz challenge in their website “answeringIslam.net” in which they claimed that the author of the Quran many challenges to come with a book similar to the Quran has been met.

Surah 28:48-49 But (now), when the Truth has come to them from Ourselves, they say, “Why are not (Signs) sent to him, like those which were sent to Moses?” Do they not then reject (the Signs) which were formerly sent to Moses? They say: “Two kinds of sorcery, each assisting the other!” And they say: “For us, we reject all (such things)!” Say: “Then bring ye a Book from Allah, which is a better guide than either of them, that I may follow it! (do), if ye are truthful!”

In the Quran Sam and Jochen claimed God seem to pose several challenges shown as in Surah 11:13 Or, do they say: He has forged it. Say: Then bring ten forged chapters like it (mithlihi) and call upon whom you can besides Allah, if you are truthful. And in Surah 17:88 Say: If men and jinn should combine together to bring the like of this Quran (bimithlihi hatha al-Qurani), they could not bring the like of it, though some of them were aiders of others. Further in Surah 52:33-34 Or do they say: He has forged it. Nay! they do not believe. Then let them bring an announcement like it (mithlihi) if they are truthful. Based on these verses above, Muslims are convinced that the Quran is absolutely unique and unparalleled. For many it is an important element in their belief in the divine origin of the Quran that nobody was ever able to meet this particular challenge. In this article we want to focus on the amazing fact that there are statements in the Quran which acknowledge that this challenge has already been met! The Quran asserts that the revelation given to Moses is similar and equal to the Quran. Consider the following passage at Surah 28:48-49 which are being quoted on the first paragraph of this article. Muhammad challenges the unbelievers to bring a book which is not only a better guide than the Quran, but also better than the book of Moses! This presumes that the book of Moses was (a) available during Muhammad’s time, and (b) equal to the Quran in terms of guidance. The Quran goes on to state that the previous scriptures are similar to it, being just like it (mithlihi), the very same expression as found in the verses quoted at the beginning of this paper:

In Surah 46:10-12 Say: “See ye? If (this teaching) be from Allah, and ye reject it, and a witness from among the Children of Israel testifies to its similarity (with earlier scripture), and has believed while ye are arrogant, (how unjust ye are!) truly, Allah guides not a people unjust.” The Unbelievers say of those who believe: “If (this Message) were a good thing, (such men) would not have gone to it first, before us!” And seeing that they guide not themselves thereby, they will say, “this is an (old,) falsehood!” And before this, was the Book of Moses as a guide and a mercy: And this Book confirms (it) in the Arabic tongue; to admonish the unjust, and as Glad Tidings to those who do right. Note the structure of the argument: assuming the divine origin of the Torah, the author of the Quran argues that because the Quran is “like the Torah”, therefore it is of divine origin as well. In this context at least, the Quran seeks to derive its authority from the authority of the Torah. However, the relation of “being like it” is symmetric, i.e. “the Quran being like the Torah” implies also “the Torah being like the Quran”. Thus, based on the testimony of the Quran itself, the Torah is like it, and therefore meets the above quoted challenge “to bring something like it”. The evidence provided in this article has several implications. It is evident from the above citations that the author of the Quran believed that the Holy Bible, or at least the book of Moses, met the Quran’s challenge to produce something like it. Yet if, as Muslims often claim, the book of Moses had been tampered with then how can a corrupted text be like the Quran seeing that it is no longer purely divine in origin? How can human additions match the so-called divinely inspired Quranic text? Are we to assume that the author of the Quran was asserting that a corrupted text claiming to be the book of Moses was of equal value as the Quran? Obviously not, which means that firstly the Quran presumes that the previous Scriptures existed in a pure form during Muhammad’s time. Furthermore, the Torah had to be readily available for comparison (a) with the Quran and (b) with those hypothetical competitors, should somebody take up the challenge “to bring a book better than these two”. Neither the argument for the Quran based on its similarity to the Torah (Surah 46:10) nor the challenge to bring a book better than the Torah (Surah 28:49) would make any sense if the Torah is not available to actually perform the necessary comparison. Thus, the obvious assumption behind the formulations found in the Quran verses is that the Torah is in its entirety of divine origin, and the Quran is as well. The Quran neither states that the Torah was corrupted before the time of Muhammad, nor does it contain any warning or prophecy that such a corruption would happen in the future. It assumes and endorses the authority of the Torah without any reservations. Secondly, the Quran teaches that at least parts, if not all, of the previous Scriptures are similar to the Quran, and even match it, in terms of content and guidance. In light of the foregoing, the only thing that a Jew or Christian need to do for the purpose of meeting the Quran’s challenge is to present citations from the Holy Bible, which is actually vastly superior to the Quran. We would like to emphasize explicitly that from the Christian perspective there is no comparison between the Holy Bible and the Quran, contrary to what the Quran claims. The Holy Bible is the inspired inerrant word of the true God, and the Quran is not. The Quran is only a very poor imitation of God’s true and pure word.

Those Muslims who despite all the evidence to the contrary still insist that the Quran teaches the corruption of the earlier scriptures, will have to face another dilemma first if you accept the Quran’s verdict that the Torah is like it (Surah 28:49, Surah 46:10), then the challenge was met before it was issued. It will be hard to avoid the implication that this challenge was published rather thoughtlessly, which in turn questions its alleged divine origin. Even more, this assumption of a corrupted Torah would result in an internal contradiction in the Quran: According to the above quoted passages, Surah 2:24 and 17:88, the author of the Quran claims it is impossible for men (and jinn) to bring anything that is “like it”. If, however, the Torah of Muhammad’s time and ours is not the original divinely inspired text but the product of human efforts of change and corruption, and the Quran still says that “it is like it” (Surah 46:10), then this becomes a plain contradiction. Secondly, you reject this statement of the Qur’an regarding the Torah being like it. Why then would you believe the Qur’an to be from God if you reject what it says as being wrong?

To answer Sam Shamoun and Jochen Katz accusation on all the above alleged inconsistency first it is important to clarify the text of the verses which Allah made His challenges to the disbelievers at Surah 11:13 Or they may say, “He forged it,” Say, “Bring ye then ten chapters forged, like unto it, and call (to your aid) whomsoever ye can, other than Allah! If ye speak the truth! Sam and Jochen claimed that since the relation of the Quran and the Torah of “being like it” then it is symmetric, i.e. “the Quran being like the Torah” implies also “the Torah being like the Quran”. Thus, based on the testimony of the Quran itself, the Torah is like it, and therefore meets the above quoted challenge “to bring something like it”.

It must be emphasized that when Allah make the challenge in the Quran to come with a book better than the Quran or the Torah, it is not for anybody to come with a Torah and claim that it meets the challenge since Allah said so in the Quran, that the Torah is being like the Quran. The challenge is to bring a book other than these two books and get the help of others beside Allah. It is either they come with a book better than the Quran or the Torah to put up the challenge. However, if they put a book saying that it is a better book or similar than the Torah mentioned in the Quran, then there the process to evaluate and to meet the requirement stated int the Quran qualifying that the Torah is from Allah. The Torah is like the Quran and is of divine origin only if its context and contents is overseer or guarded by the truth of the Quran and this is applied for the Gospel or Injil as well as stated in Surah 5:48  And We have revealed to you the Book with the truth, verifying what is before it of the Book and a guardian over it, therefore judge between them by what Allah has revealed, and do not follow their low desires (to turn away) from the truth that has come to you; for every one of you did We appoint a law and a way, and if Allah had pleased He would have made you (all) a single people, but that He might try you in what He gave you, therefore strive with one another to hasten to virtuous deeds; to Allah is your return, of all (of you), so, He will let you know that in which you differed. Thus, only after these requirements have been fulfilled only then the Torah or the Injil can be considered like the Quran. The other requirement is that there must be a witness from the children of Israel to testify the similarities otherwise the claim of Sam Shamoun and Jochen Katz is null and void as stated in Surah 46:10 “See ye? If (this teaching) be from Allah, and ye reject it, and a witness from among the Children of Israel testifies to its similarity (with earlier scripture), and has believed while ye are arrogant. Unless and until a witness from the Children of Israel can testify none can pick and claim any Torah or Inji to be the one from Allah and of similar to that of the Quran. As can be seen, there is therefore qualifications for the Torah to be like the Quran or for it to be similarly divine.

On the challenge at Surah 17:88 Allah provoke that none can produce the like of the whole Quran even if Jinns and mankind were to combine to produce one like it. Based on these verses above, Muslims are convinced that the Quran is absolutely unique and unparalleled. For many it is an important element in their belief in the divine origin of the Quran that nobody was ever able to meet this particular challenge. This is true and cannot be disputed as there is no such religious book of the same size of the Quran with the original language having been preserved since its completion as that of the Quran being preserved for fourteen hundred year. And the amazing facts is that millions of devotees have been memorizing the Quran beginning with the Prophet himself being the first “Al Hafitz” or those “memorizing the whole Quran. These are some of the reasons Muslims believed that none have met this challenge.

On their claim that “The Quran neither states that the Torah was corrupted before the time of Muhammad, nor does it contain any warning or prophecy that such a corruption would happen in the future. With addition, they claimed it assumes and endorses the authority of the Torah without any reservations.” This is a false statement from Sam and Jochen as the Quran in many verses confirmed previous scriptures were not without errors. These verses showed the previous scriptures have been manipulated as stated in Surah 5:15-17 O people of the Book! There hath come to you our Messenger, revealing to you much that ye used to hide in the Book, and passing over much (that is now unnecessary). There hath come to you from Allah a (new) light and a perspicuous Book, Wherewith Allah guide all who seek His good pleasure to ways of peace and safety, and lead them out of darkness, by His will, unto the light, guide them to a path that is straight. In blasphemy indeed are those that say that Allah is Christ the son of Mary. Say: “Who then hath the least power against Allah, if His will were to destroy Christ the son of Mary, his mother, and all everyone that is on the earth? For to Allah belong the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between. He creates what He please. For Allah hath power over all things.” Further there were evidence that the Jews corrupted their book as stated in Surah 6:91 No just estimate of Allah do they make when they say: “Nothing doth Allah send down to man (by way of revelation)” Say: “Who then sent down the Book which Moses brought?- a light and guidance to man: But ye make it into (separate) sheets for show, while ye conceal much (of its contents): therein were ye taught that which ye knew not neither ye nor your fathers.” Say: “Allah (sent it down)”: Then leave them to plunge in vain discourse and trifling. This verse is therefore giving proof that Allah Torah is different from those of the Jewish and the Christians scriptures who had manipulated their books and to claim that those books were divine as that of the Quran is more of a farce.

Further to quote them saying “We would like to emphasize explicitly that from the Christian perspective there is no comparison between the Holy Bible and the Quran, contrary to what the Quran claims. The Holy Bible is the inspired inerrant word of the true God, and the Quran is not. The Quran is only a very poor imitation of God’s true and pure word.” In refutation to this claim, it is better for them to bring evidences from the Quran what has been poor imitation or more appropriate to bring what is falsehood being there is in the Quran.

In conclusion the Torah or the Gospel were also guidance from Allah is not without qualification, it was the guidance before Prophet’s Muhammad’s time as this is clearly spelt out in Surah 3:3 It is He Who sent down to thee (step by step), in truth, the Book, confirming what went before it; and He sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guide to mankind. The Torah and the Gospel will be guidance as that equal to the Quran only after the Quran verify and confirm with the truth in the Quran as what is quoted in those scriptures. But most important the Quran is guardian over previous scriptures as stated in Surah 5:48 And We have revealed to you the Book with the truth, verifying what is before it of the Book and a guardian over it. And more it is stated in Surah 27:76 Verily this Qur’an doth explain to the Children of Israel most of the matters in which they disagree. Thus, unless the Jews and the Christians can verify and adjust their messages of their scriptures to the truth of the Quran, they can never claim that the Torah or the Gospel is equal in divinity to the Quran. There are no such verses in the Torah or the Gospel as that quoted in the Quran being stated in Surah 15:9 We have, without doubt, sent down the Message (the Quran); and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption). Or that which Is stated in Surah 39:28 (It is) a Qur’an in Arabic, without any crookedness (therein): in order that they may guard against Evil. And also stated in Surah 41:42 No falsehood can approach it from before or behind it: It is sent down by One Full of Wisdom, Worthy of all Praise. And the message of the Quran will not come from the Devil as stated in Surah 26:110-113 No evil ones have brought down this (Revelation): It would neither suit them nor would they be able (to produce it). Indeed, they have been removed far from even (a chance of) hearing it. So, call not on any other god with Allah, or thou wilt be among those under the Penalty.

Asar

Is all thing good and evil from Allah?

Salam,

This article is in response to a column in the website answering Islam making allegation of a contradiction in the Quran whether only good comes from Allah or good and bad both comes from Allah.

Surah 4:78-79 – Wherever you may be, death will overtake you, even if you should be within towers of lofty construction. But if good comes to them, they say, “This is from Allah “; and if evil befalls them, they say, “This is from you.” Say, “All (things) are from Allah.” So what is (the matter) with those people that they can hardly understand any statement? What comes to you of good is from Allah, but what comes to you of evil, is from yourself. And We have sent you, (O Muhammad), to the people as a messenger, and sufficient is Allah as Witness.

The allegation is that the contradiction is seen when in Surah 4:78 claim all things are from Allah but immediately in the next verse according to Surah 4:79 “Whatever good happen to thee is from Allah; but whatever evil happens to thee is from thyself.” Evil things are without doubt a subset of “all things”, and if “all things are from Allah” then the evil things are from Allah as well, and the author of the Qur’an cannot pass the guilt on and blame others as done in Surah 4:79. It is interesting that Muhammad would contradict himself within two consecutive verses and then write three verses later that discrepancy is a sign that it is not from God as stated in Surah 4:82  Do they not consider the Qur’an (with care)? Had it been from other Than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy. But this topic is not over with just yet. In Surah 38:41 Commemorate Our Servant Job, behold he cried out to his Lord:  “Satan has afflicted me with distress and suffering!” Now we have a third party joining the contest for responsibility. Is evil from ourselves? Is it from Satan? Or is it from Allah? Any two of them contradict each other, but in particular do the first two (Surah 4:79, Surah 38:41) contradict the third (Surah 4:78) as Allah claimed all things as from himself.

The Words of Allah proved true for the disbelievers “they failed to understand a single fact!” as confirmed by the verses which say in Surah 4:78 Say: “All things are from Allah.” But what hath come to these people that they fail to understand a single fact? Surah 4:79 Whatever good, (O man!) happens to thee, is from Allah; but whatever evil happens to thee, is from thy (own) soul. The principle belief in the teaching of the Quran is there is no evil created by Allah, He only create good. Originally everything is good but it was made evil by His creatures. All that is good is from Allah Surah 3:26 “…..In Thy hand is all good. Verily, over all things Thou hast power.” And here again it is stated at Surah 16:30 To the righteous (when) it is said, “What is it that your Lord has revealed?” they say, “All that is good.” To those who do good there is good in this world and the Home of the Hereafter is even better and excellent indeed is the Home of the righteous.

The evil that is in this world is not from Allah, the Devil Iblis became evil out of his doing and also man soul is prone himself to evil. The example of Iblis became the Devil was because he disobeyed Allah’s command and declared to divert man away from Allah guidance as depicted in Surah 17:61-63 Behold! We said to the angels: “Bow down unto Adam”: They bowed down except Iblis: He said, “Shall I bow down to one whom Thou did create from clay?” He said: “See Thou? This is the one whom Thou hast honoured above me! If Thou wilt but respite me to the Day of Judgment, I will surely bring his descendants under my sway – all but a few!” (Allah) said: “Go thy way; if any of them follow thee, verily hell will be the recompense of you (all) an ample recompense. And here is another example how he (Iblis) turned good into evil as in Surah 2:102 They followed what the evil ones gave out (falsely) against the power of Solomon: the blasphemers were, not Solomon, but the evil ones, teaching men magic and such things as came down at Babylon to the angels Harut and Marut. But neither of these taught anyone (Such things) without saying: “We are only for trial; so, do not blaspheme.” They learned from them the means to sow discord between man and wife. But they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah’s permission. And they learned what harmed them, not what profited them. So originally what was brought by the angels were of good but the devil turn it into something evil.

And here are more examples to explain that evil do not come from Allah but out of the doing of man himself who crafted the golden calf in Surah 20:95-96 (Moses) said: “What then is thy case, O Samiri?” He replied: “I saw what they saw not: so, I took a handful (of dust) from the footprint of the Messenger, and threw it (into the calf): thus, did my soul suggest to me.” In addition, the evil of killing was not inspired by Allah but from the soul of one of the sons in the story of Adam in Surah 5:30 The (selfish) soul of the other led him to the murder of his brother: he murdered him, and became (himself) one of the lost ones. Thus, in the narration of Job at Surah 38:41 evil was the doing of the Devil and has nothing to do with Allah. There is freewill as the Devil can lure man away from the right path to create evil as stated in Surah 5:90 Satan’s plan is (but) to excite enmity and hatred between you, with intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah, and from prayer: will ye not then abstain? Therefore, there is no contradiction in the Quran as no evil comes from Allah as everything comes from Him are only good. The evil originated from other than Him from the dark whispering of man’s own soul or from the devil.

Asar

 

Did Muhammad see his Lord? (Surah 53:1-18)

Salam,

Surah 53:1 -18 By the Star when it goes down, Your Companion is neither astray nor being misled. Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) Desire. It is no less than inspiration sent down to him: He was taught by one Mighty in Power, Endued with Wisdom: for he appeared (in stately form); While he was in the highest part of the horizon: Then he approached and came closer, And was at a distance of but two bow-lengths or (even) nearer; So did (Allah) convey the inspiration to His Servant- (conveyed) what He (meant) to convey. The (Prophet’s) (mind and) heart in no way falsified that which he saw. Will ye then dispute with him concerning what he saw? For indeed he saw him at a second descent, Near the Lote-tree beyond which none may pass: Near it is the Garden of Abode. Behold, the Lote-tree was shrouded (in mystery unspeakable!) (His) sight never swerved, nor did it go wrong! For truly did he see, of the Signs of his Lord, the Greatest!

Sam Shamoun claimed that the Quran suggests that Muhammad saw Allah, that he had a vision in which Allah appeared to him visibly as shown by the Surah 53:1-18 as stated above. He said the above verses referred to an unnamed comrade who has not gone astray and who does not speak out of caprice. Muslims unanimously take this to be an obvious reference to Muhammad. It goes on to say that he (Muhammad) was taught by one terrible in power, very strong (Allah), and that he (Allah) stood poised and drew near and revealed to his servant (Muhammad) the revelation. The expression “revealed to his servant” clearly shows that this is speaking of Allah and Muhammad, that Allah appeared to Muhammad in order to grant him revelation. The text cannot be saying that Gabriel appeared to Muhammad since this would imply that the latter is the servant of Gabriel.

Further Sam Shamoun added it is said in Surah 81:15-29 So verily I call to witness the planets – that recede, go straight, or hide; And the Night as it dissipates; and the Dawn as it breathes away the darkness.  Verily this is the word of a most honourable Messenger, Endued with Power, with rank before the Lord of the Throne, With authority there, (and) faithful to his trust. And (O people!) your companion is not one possessed; And without doubt he saw him in the clear horizon. Neither doth he withholds grudgingly a knowledge of the Unseen. Nor is it the word of an evil spirit accursed. When whither go ye? Verily this is no less than a Message to (all) the Worlds: (With profit) to whoever among you wills to go straight: But ye shall not will except as Allah wills, the Cherisher of the Worlds.

The above reference according to Sam Shamoun seems to be saying that Muhammad is the companion who is not possessed, the noble messenger having power who is secure with the Lord of the throne, i.e. Allah. There is even another text which identifies Muhammad as a noble messenger stated in Surah 69:40-47 That this is verily the word of an honoured apostle; It is not the word of a poet: little it is ye believe! Nor is it the word of a soothsayer: little admonition it is ye receive. (This is) a Message sent down from the Lord of the Worlds. And if the apostle were to invent any sayings in Our name, We should certainly seize him by his right hand, And We should certainly then cut off the artery of his heart: Nor could any of you withhold him (from Our wrath). If this is the case Sam said then Surah 81:15-29 is another reference to Muhammad seeing Allah on a clear horizon. The Quran also says that no one can see Allah at Surah 6:102-103 That is Allah, your Lord! there is no god but He, the Creator of all things: then worship ye Him: and He hath power to dispose of all affairs. No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision: He is above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all things. And in Surah 42:51 t is not fitting for a man that Allah should speak to him except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or by the sending of a messenger to reveal, with Allah’s permission, what Allah wills: for He is Most High, Most Wise. Then Sam Shamoun concluded that In light of this plain denial of anyone being able to see Allah it is therefore not surprising to find conflicting views and narrations which deny that Muhammad saw his lord.

In response to the above, this is a clear case of a fabrication of an alleged contradiction which is against the basic principle of Islam which is brought by Muhammad the messenger of Allah. The basic principle of Islam is to believe in the Unseen God as stated in Surah 67.12 As for those who fear their Lord unseen, for them is Forgiveness and a great Reward. And it is also for Him to test His servants as stated in Surah 5.94 O ye who believe! Allah doth but make a trial of you in a little matter of game well within reach of game well within reach of your hands and your lances, that He may test who fear him unseen: any who transgress thereafter, will have a grievous penalty. It is the basic teaching that Muslims have been taught in the Quran in Surah 6:103 No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision: He is above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all things. He is nearer than most people would have taught as in Surah 50:16 It was We Who created man, and We know what dark suggestions his soul makes to him: for We are nearer to him than (his) jugular vein.

With such a faith to believe in the unseen God, Sam Shamoun will only have falsehood by claiming that Muhammad have seen Allah in Surah 53:1-18 as being quoted above to support his argument. By putting it in the correct perspective below are the verses with the various entities inserted in brackets for all the pronouns so the message is understood to be more clear at Surah 53:4-18 It is no less than inspiration sent down to him (The Prophet): 5. He (The Prophet Muhammad) was taught by one Mighty in Power (Gabriel), 6. Endued with Wisdom: for he (Gabriel) appeared (in stately form); 7. While he (Gabriel) was in the highest part of the horizon: 8. Then he (Gabriel) approached and came closer, 9. And was at a distance of but two bow-lengths or (even) nearer; 10. So did (Allah) convey the inspiration to His Servant- (conveyed) what He (Allah meant) to convey. 11. The (Prophet’s) (mind and) heart in no way falsified that which he saw. 12. Will ye then dispute with him (The Prophet Muhammad) concerning what he saw? 13. For indeed he (The prophet Muhammad) saw him (Gabriel) at a second descent, 14. Near the Lote-tree beyond which none may pass: 15. Near it is the Garden of Abode. 16. Behold, the Lote-tree was shrouded (in mystery unspeakable!) 17. (His) sight never swerved, nor did it go wrong! 18. For truly did he (The Prophet Muhammad) see, of the Signs of his Lord, the Greatest!

Similarly, in Surah 81:15-29 The Quran is not describing the Prophet Muhammad seeing Allah but he saw the angel Gabriel who is also a messenger of Allah for delivering the inspiration to the Prophet Muhammad as stated in Surah 2:97 Say: Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel-for he brings down the (revelation) to thy heart by Allah’s will, a confirmation of what went before, and guidance and glad tidings for those who believe. As such by putting the verses in its proper perspective with the entities inserted in the bracket this will be the correct message of the Surah 81:19-27 Verily this is the word of a most honourable Messenger (Gabriel), 20. Endued with Power, with rank before the Lord of the Throne, 21. With authority there, (and) faithful to his (Gabriel) trust. 22. And (O people!) your companion (The Prophet Muhammad) is not one possessed; 23. And without doubt he (The Prophet Muhammad) saw him (Gabriel) in the clear horizon. 24. Neither does he (The Prophet) withhold grudgingly a knowledge of the Unseen. 25. Nor is it the word of an evil spirit accursed. 26. When whither go ye? 27. Verily this is no less than a Message to (all) the Worlds:

Thus, to rebuff Sam Shamoun argument it is absolutely clear that none have seen Allah or will ever see Allah as the Quran is clear that He is an unseen God but He is presence whatever you may be as is stated in Surah 57:4 He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and is moreover firmly established on the Throne (of Authority). He knows what enters within the earth and what comes forth out of it, what comes down from heaven and what mounts up to it. And He is with you wheresoever ye may be. And Allah sees well all that ye do. In the final only He will prevail as in Surah 55:26-27 All that is on earth will perish: But will abide (forever) the Presence of thy Lord, full of Majesty, Bounty and Honour.

Asar

 

Who suffers loss if Muhammad was wrong?

Salam,

Below is a critical analysis and a rebuttal on Christian apologist Jochen Katz claimed there is a contradiction in the Quran that if Muhammad is wrong then he has to carry some of the burden of those whom led astray. The analysis and the argument put forward as a rebuttal is did Muhammad guides or lead mankind astray. The main verse that was presented is –

Surah 34:50 Say: “If I am astray, I only stray to the loss of my own soul: but if I receive guidance, it is because of the inspiration of my Lord to me: it is He Who hears all things, and is (ever) near.”

The question is who will suffer the loss if Muhammad was wrong. Surah 34:50 quoted above says that if he goes astray it is for his own loss. which in fact is a severe factual error in the Qur’an as well as contradicting the teaching of the Qur’an in a number of other verses. The first point is somewhat trivial. Muslims are commanded in the Qur’an to take Muhammad as their model, and therefore many Muslims imitate him in the smallest details of life. They dress like Muhammad, they use a miswak to brush their teeth like Muhammad did, etc. If Muhammad was wrong, then this would mean a life of unnecessary inconvenience for millions of Muslims. There are, however, a lot of not so trivial aspects. If Muhammad’s message and regulations were wrong, he has subjected millions of Muslim women to a life of misery without any reward in return! Moreover, not only those who followed Muhammad have lost, but millions of the so-called “unbelievers” have suffered because Muslims have either killed them for their lack of faith, or forced Muhammad’s regulations on them and subjected them to live as second-class citizens. Ironically, these people have suffered loss even if Muhammad had been a true prophet. Whether Muhammad was astray or guided, many lives have been destroyed by Muslim attacks on unbelievers, so that this statement is not only logically false, but false also in factual history. Under the assumption that Muhammad was a true messenger, those who were killed as unbelievers because they did not accept his message on the spot have lost not only their lives but also the opportunity to become convinced by the truth of Islam by having the time to study the message of Islam in-depth. Had Islam restricted its method of expansion to peaceful proclamation and intellectual persuasion instead of using (also and much too quickly) violence and force, the situation would be vastly different. As it is, these people have lost their lives on earth, and they will suffer eternal punishment because they died in rejection of God’s message. Thus, many unbelievers will suffer eternal loss even if Muhammad was right. Though Muslims may argue that in the Quranic view this may be justified, it is unquestionable that they did suffer temporal and eternal loss due to the violent nature of Islam.

Finally, there is one more crucial observation to be made in this section. Simply looking at how Muhammad dealt with those who propagated a different message than Islam, or voiced critique of Islam, exposes that Muhammad did not even believe this statement himself. In particular, Muhammad’s instruction is: Whoever leaves Islam, kill him (e.g. Sahih Al-Bukhari 4.260). Obviously, Muhammad considered apostasy, and publicly speaking of a belief other than Islam such a grave danger to the Islamic community that the harshest possible measures had to be instituted against it. Nowhere in an Islamic society is open preaching of another religion permitted. Why not, if those who do so will “only go astray to their own loss”? The laws in the Shariah, and the reactions of Muslims towards those who want to publicly invite (Muslims) to another faith prove that they do not believe Surah 34:50 to be true. Although the statement “If I go astray, I go astray only to my own loss” is hypothetical (i.e. the assumption is that Muhammad is not astray but on the right path), it stands in obvious tension to a multitude of verses in the Qur’an that demand that believers should obey and follow the messenger (Muhammad), i.e. Muhammad’s words and example are supposed to directly impact those who believe in Allah. Some examples as in Surah 3:32 Say: “Obey Allah and His Messenger”: But if they turn back, Allah love not those who reject Faith. Or in another example at Surah 3:132 And obey Allah and the Messenger; that ye may obtain mercy or stated in Surah 4:13 Those are limits set by Allah: those who obey Allah and His Messenger will be admitted to Gardens with rivers flowing beneath, to abide therein (forever) and that will be the supreme achievement. The Qur’an does not only make it mandatory to obey Muhammad’s explicit commands whether they are verses found in the Qur’an or Muhammad’s own words, it makes everything Muhammad does and says the standard to emulate as confirmed in Surah 53:2-5 Your Companion is neither astray nor being misled. Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) desire. It is no less than inspiration sent down to him: He was taught by one Mighty in Power. In Surah 68:4 And thou stand on an exalted standard of character. While in Surah 33:21 Ye have indeed in the Messenger of Allah a beautiful pattern (of conduct) for any one whose hope is in Allah and the Final Day, and who engages much in the Praise of Allah. Based on verses like these, Muhammad is considered the perfect and divinely endorsed role model, and he is followed in the minutest details of life. As stated above, these verses do not yet posit a clear-cut contradiction to Surah 34:50, but they are in considerable tension. The plain contradiction arises when we add the following verses into the equation: Surah 29:12 And the Unbelievers say to those who believe: “Follow our path, and we will bear (the consequences) of your faults.” Never in the least will they bear their faults: in fact, they are liars! A similar verse saying the same at Surah 16:25 Let them bear, on the Day of Judgment, their own burdens in full, and also (something) of the burdens of those without knowledge, whom they misled. Alas, how grievous the burdens they will bear! Thus, these verses make it clear that “following those who lead you astray” does not absolve you from your own responsibility. On Judgement Day, those leaders will not bear the punishment (burden) for your going astray. Nobody will be able to excuse himself completely with “but I only followed this or that false prophet or teacher”. Surah 16:25 seems to indicate that some part of the burdens of those who were led astray may be put on the one who had misled them, but it still shows that the remainder has to be shouldered by the person who followed the false prophet into transgression and disobedience to God. Thus, those who lead astray cause their followers to suffer divine punishment and eternal loss.

To summarize the above claim of contradiction it is the question who will suffer the loss if Muhammad was wrong as stated in Surah 34:50 Muslims are commanded in the Qur’an to take Muhammad as their model, and therefore many Muslims imitate him in the smallest details of life of Muhammad but he is alleged to kill others because expansion of Islam in by the sword. In refutation to the allegation above, this is a false claim by the accuser as Muslims were to follow and obey Muhammad as he is depicted in the Quran while other sources other than the Quran which has written on his background is questionable. Muslims were commanded to believe in only the Quran and not from other books compiled by men. Having said that, Muslim is to imitate and obeyed him for what he did by examples in the Quran to be followed not to follow the Arab cultures or tradition. It is wrong to make a claim that the Quran make it mandatory to obey Muhammad explicit commands whether they are verses found in the Qur’an or Muhammad’s own words, it makes everything Muhammad does and says the standard to emulate as confirmed in Surah 53:2-5 Your Companion is neither astray nor being misled. Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) desire. It is no less than inspiration sent down to him. To comply with this, it is stated in Surah 3:32 Say: “Obey Allah and His Messenger”: But if they turn back, Allah love not those who reject Faith. However, as can be seen both the verses being quoted were concerning the revelations of the Quran and this made it mandatory to obey Muhammad’s in those verses stated above. The revelations of the Quran from the angel Gabriel must be isolated with Muhammad’s personal speech as when he is being an ordinary man. It is only as a messenger he is to be obeyed as this verse confirmed that Muslims were to follow the revelations as stated in In Surah 7:158 Say: “O men! I am sent unto you all, as the Messenger of Allah, to Whom belong the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He: it is He That give both life and death. So, believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believeth in Allah and His words: follow him that (so) ye may be guided.” Muslims were to follow the words of Allah and not the man Muhammad. And further it is stated in Surah 4:105 We have sent down to thee the Book in truth, that thou might judge between men, as guided by Allah: so be not (used) as an advocate by those who betray their trust.

It is also in Allah’s words and His revelations in the Quran Muhammad is responsible to uphold and to each man is his own deed that is he is liable to as stated in Surah 42:15 Now then, for that (reason), call (them to the Faith), and stand steadfast as thou art commanded, nor follow thou their vain desires; but say: “I believe in the Book which Allah has sent down; and I am commanded to judge justly between you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord: for us (is the responsibility for) our deeds, and for you for your deeds. There is no contention between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and to Him is (our) Final Goal. It is therefore Allah’s words one is to follow and not the personal words of Muhammad.

It must be reiterated it is a falsehood if it is being reported that Muhammad killed others because they did not believe in his religion, as the principle of Islam that he propagated is far different as stated clearly in Surah 2:256 Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah hear and know all things. And it is still the principle of no compulsion as he is to uphold as in Surah 18:29 And say, “The truth is from your Lord”: Let him who will believe, and let him who will, reject (it): for the wrong-doers We have prepared a Fire whose (smoke and flames), like the walls and roof of a tent, will hem them in: if they implore relief they will be granted water like melted brass, that will scald their faces, how dreadful the drink! How uncomfortable a couch to recline on! It is recorded in the Quran the Prophet also never initiated war or being the first to create war as he was taught always to be in defensive mode as these verses confirmed as stated in Surah 2:190-193 Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you. In Surah 4:75. And why should ye not fight in the cause of Allah and of those who, being weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed)? Also stated in Surah 9:13 Will ye not fight people who violated their oaths, plotted to expel the Messenger, and took the aggressive by being the first (to assault) you? Do ye fear them? Nay, it is Allah Whom ye should more justly fear, if ye believe! Again, in Surah 22:39-40 To those against whom war is made, permission is given (to fight), because they are wronged; and verily, Allah is most powerful for their aid; (They are) those who have been expelled from their homes in defiance of right, (for no cause) except that they say, “our Lord is Allah. Further in Surah 26:227 Except those who believe, work righteousness, engage much in the remembrance of Allah, and defend themselves only after they are unjustly attacked. And in Surah 42:39 And those who, when an oppressive wrong is inflicted on them, (are not cowed but) help and defend themselves. Thus, the accusation Muhammad being a warmonger is without basis.

The other claim of contradiction is the claim that there are other verses which is in opposition to the above Surah 34:50 that if Muhammad is wrong then the effect of his being wrong he should bear the outcome the same as what the following people does as stated in Surah 29:12 And the Unbelievers say to those who believe: “Follow our path, and we will bear (the consequences) of your faults.” A similar verse saying the same at Surah 16:25 Let them bear, on the Day of Judgment, their own burdens in full, and also (something) of the burdens of those without knowledge, whom they misled. Alas, how grievous the burdens they will bear! Thus, these verses make it clear that “following those who lead others astray” does not absolve the preacher from their own responsibility. On Judgement Day, those leaders will surely also bear the punishment (burden) for the ignorant being led astray.

To answer on the carrying on the burdens by those who lead others astray as stated in Surah 29:12, it is they the unbelievers themselves who entice the believers to follow their wrong path and they themselves declare to bear the faults of those who follow them while Muhammad did not make such a promise. And on the Surah 16:25 it is obvious they will carry their own burden of rejecting the truth and the burden of the propagating falsehood to the ignorant they mislead as they mocked the Quran in the first place and claim it is fables or falsehood as stated at Surah 16:24 When it is said to them, “What is it that your Lord has revealed?” they say, “Tales of the ancients!” Here the unbelievers were the ones who propagated falsehood against the truth from Allah whereas, Muhammad never offer to carry the burden of others or by saying similar to what was said by the unbelievers above but he said in Surah 34:50 Say: “If I am astray, I only stray to the loss of my own soul: but if I receive guidance, it is because of the inspiration of my Lord to me: it is He Who hears all things, and is (ever) near.” Thus, the Surah 29:12 and the Surah 16:25 cannot be associated with Muhammad as he brought the truth from the Lord as Allah Himself commanded others to follow him by following the Quran as stated in Surah 7:158 Say: “O men! I am sent unto you all, as the Messenger of Allah, to Whom belong the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He: it is He That giveth both life and death. So, believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believeth in Allah and His words: follow him that (so) ye may be guided.” The punishment therefore is for those who propagate falsehood and not of those who propagate the truth. He also brought nothing new as stated in Surah 46:9 Say: “I am no bringer of new-fangled doctrine among the messengers, nor do I know what will be done with me or with you. I follow but that which is revealed to me by inspiration; I am but a Warner open and clear.” Further he said in Surah 6:50 Say: “I tell you not that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor do I know what is hidden, nor do I tell you I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me.” Say: “can the blind be held equal to the seeing?” Will ye then consider not?

In the final analysis the assertion that if Muhammad is wrong can be concluded that the Quran is never wrong and as Muhammad followed it to the single words as his guidance those who follow him can hope for their salvation in this world and the hereafter and Allah’s mercy will be on them. Whatever errors that Muhammad made as the messenger of Allah has been shown in the Quran where Allah reprimanded and corrected him as shown when he neglected a blind man coming to him to know his message of the Quran in Surah 80:1-4 (The Prophet) frowned and turned away, because there came to him the blind man (interrupting). But what could tell thee but that perchance he might grow (in spiritual understanding)? Or that he might receive admonition, and the teaching might profit him? And in another example Allah did helped him from falling astray as in Surah 4:13 But for the Grace of Allah to thee and his Mercy, a party of them would certainly have plotted to lead thee astray. But (in fact) they will only lead their own souls astray, and to thee they can do no harm in the least. For Allah hath sent down to thee the Book and wisdom and taught thee what thou Knew not (before): And great is the Grace of Allah unto thee. And also, Allah helped him as in Surah 17:73-74 And their purpose was to tempt thee away from that which We had revealed unto thee, to substitute in Our name something quite different; (in that case), behold! they would certainly have made thee (their) friend! And had We not given thee strength, thou wouldst nearly have inclined to them a little.

Thus, to say if Muhammad is wrong then one is to find the error in the Quran that make him wrong and not any other sources that gave doubtful image which is attribute to him. Nevertheless, the Quran specify Muhammad is not the only criteria for salvation as it is stated in Surah 3:144 Muhammad is no more than a messenger: many were the messenger that passed away before him. If he died or were slain, will ye then turn back on your heels? If any did turn back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah; but Allah (on the other hand) will swiftly reward those who (serve Him) with gratitude. Apart from Muhammad, the Prophet Abraham is also an example to follow as stated in Surah 60:4-6 here is for you an excellent example (to follow) in Abraham and those with him, when they said to their people: “We are clear of you and of whatever ye worship besides Allah. we have rejected you, and there has arisen, between us and you, enmity and hatred for ever, unless ye believe in Allah and Him alone”: But not when Abraham said to his father: “I will pray for forgiveness for thee, though I have no power (to get) aught on thy behalf from Allah.” (They prayed): “Our Lord! in Thee do we trust, and to Thee do we turn in repentance: to Thee is (our) Final Goal. “Our Lord! Make us not a (test and) trial for the Unbelievers, but forgive us, our Lord! for Thou art the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” There was indeed in them an excellent example for you to follow, for those whose hope is in Allah and in the Last Day. But if any turn away, truly Allah is Free of all Wants, Worthy of all Praise. And apart from following the examples of Muhammad and Abraham, there is also the command to follow other prophets as depicted in the Quran in these Surah 6:88-90 This is the guidance of Allah. He gives that guidance to whom He please, of His worshippers. If they were to join other gods with Him, all that they did would be vain for them. These were the men to whom We gave the Book, and authority, and prophethood: if these (their descendants) reject them, Behold! We shall entrust their charge to a new people who reject them not. Those were the (prophets) who received Allah’s guidance: Copy the guidance they received; Say: “No reward for this do I ask of you: This is no less than a message for the nations.”

It is therefore the Quran which is the one that determine whether one will receive the mercy of Allah and His salvation and not the example of a single messenger!

Asar

 

Attitude towards unbelieving parents (Surah 31:15)

Salam,

Surah 31:15 “But if they strive to make thee join in worship with Me things of which thou hast no knowledge, obey them not; yet bear them company in this life with justice (and consideration), and follow the way of those who turn to me (in love): in the end the return of you all is to Me, and I will tell you the truth (and meaning) of all that ye did.”

It is claimed that the Quran is giving contradicting information as to what a believer should do when unbelieving parents and brothers insist on worshipping their gods. In Surah 31:15 quoted above asks believers were to keep company with unbelieving parents even if they insist on following their religion, but stated in conflict also that which asks believers not to take their fathers and brothers as protectors if they disbelieved as stated in Surah 9:23 O ye who believe! take not for protectors your fathers and your brothers if they love infidelity above Faith: if any of you do so, they do wrong. These verses of course appear in different contexts. Apologists can argue that verse 9:23 is applicable only in the context of hostilities and not otherwise. Then we have to define what is hostility. We must not forget that many passages in the Quran reflect a hostile environment of fluctuating fortunes between believers and unbelievers. Since neither the Surah nor all the verses within a Surah are arranged chronologically, the contexts of these `revelation’ become that much difficult to understand. Interestingly, verse 31:15 also seems to appear in the context of `Striving’ from the Unbelievers’ side. Note the word `Jahada’!

There is no inconsistency in the relationship between parents and siblings in the Quran. Muslims were asked not to take protector of parent only if they strive or force their siblings to make partners to Allah as stated in Surah 60:1-3 O ye who believe! Take not my enemies and yours as protectors, offering them (your) love, even though they have rejected the Truth that has come to you, and have (on the contrary) driven out the Prophet and yourselves (from your homes), (simply) because ye believe in Allah your Lord! If ye have come out to strive in My Way and to seek My Good Pleasure, (take them not as protectors), holding secret converse of love (and friendship) with them: for I know full well all that ye conceal and all that ye reveal. And any of you that does this has strayed from the Straight Path. If they were to get the better of you, they would behave to you as enemies, and stretch forth their hands and their tongues against you for evil: and they desire that ye should reject the Truth. Of no profit to you will be your relatives and your children on the Day of Judgment: He will judge between you: for Allah sees well all that ye do. In such a situation we are not to obey them if they used force as in Surah 29:8 We have enjoined on man kindness to parents: but if they (either of them) strive (to force) thee to join with Me (in worship) anything of which thou hast no knowledge, obey them not. Ye have (all) to return to me, and I will tell you the truth of all that ye did. The relationship therefore of being kindness to parents must be maintained as in Surah 31:14-15 And We have enjoined on man (to be good) to his parents: in travail upon travail did his mother bear him, and in years twain was his weaning: (hear the command), “Show gratitude to Me and to thy parents: to Me is thy final Goal. “But if they strive to make thee join in worship with Me things of which thou hast no knowledge, obey them not; yet bear them company in this life with justice (and consideration), and follow the way of those who turn to me (in love): in the end the return of you all is to Me, and I will tell you the truth (and meaning) of all that ye did.”

In an example to show how the relationship is to be maintained even when the father showed his anger at the son in the story of Abraham, he still prayed for the welfare of his father as stated in Surah 19:46-48 (The father) replied: “Dost thou hate my gods, O Abraham? If thou forbear not, I will indeed stone thee: Now get away from me for a good long while!” Abraham said: “Peace be on thee: I will pray to my Lord for thy forgiveness: for He is to me Most Gracious. “And I will turn away from you (all) and from those whom ye invoke besides Allah. I will call on my Lord: perhaps, by my prayer to my Lord, I shall be not unblest.”

Thus, do not take them as protector if they strive to force out of one’s believe but one is supposed to maintain with kindness in the parent-siblings relationship. In Surah 17:23-24 Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but Him, and that ye be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in thy life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor repel them, but address them in terms of honour. And, out of kindness, lower to them the wing of humility, and say: “My Lord! bestow on them thy Mercy even as they cherished me in childhood.”

 

Asar

 

Sam Shamoun and Jochen Katz article on Quran “Will people stay in Hell forever?”

Salam,

This article below is to restate what had been lacking or missing of facts stated in the Quran which result in the claim of inconsistency in the article written by Sam Shamoun and Jochen Katz. The main point being observed is both of them failed to compare the attributes of Allah being eternal and that of His creation whether of the heavens and earth or paradise and hell. The time existence of Allah’s creation can never be comparable to that His own existence!

Surah 32:14 “Taste ye then – for ye forgot the Meeting of this Day of yours, and We too will forget you – taste ye the Penalty of Eternity for your (evil) deeds!”

Sam Shamoun and Jochen Katz said that according to the Quran, heaven and hell is supposed to be eternal life as stated in Surah 41:28 Such is the requital of the enemies of Allah, the Fire: therein will be for them the Eternal Home: a (fit) requital, for that they were wont to reject Our Signs. And in Surah 50:34 “Enter ye therein in Peace and Security; this is a Day of Eternal Life!” However, it says slightly a different concept at Surah 6:128 One day will He gather them all together, (and say): “O ye assembly of Jinns! Much (toll) did ye take of men.” Their friends amongst men will say: “Our Lord! we made profit from each other: but (alas!) we reached our term – which thou didst appoint for us.” He will say: “The Fire be your dwelling-place: you will dwell therein forever, except as Allah will.” for thy Lord is full of wisdom and knowledge. Also, the Quran repeat and says the same as long as the heaven and earth endure except as God’s will as stated in Surah 11:106-107 Those who are wretched shall be in the Fire: There will be for them therein (nothing but) the heaving of sighs and sobs: They will dwell therein for all the time that the heavens and the earth endure, except as thy Lord will: for thy Lord is the (sure) accomplisher of what He plan.

The inconsistency is claimed on the expression “except as God will” indicates that IF God wills, he may terminate the stay in hell for (some) people, but it is not stated clearly whether it is actually his will to do so for some people, let alone whether he wills to do this for all people. Regarding the phrase, “for all the time that the heavens and the earth endure”, there are several aspects that need to be pondered. Are heaven and earth eternal, or will they perish? If heaven and earth are eternal (according to Islam), these verses imply that the dwelling in hell will be eternal as well (except if God wills otherwise for some). If the heavens and the earth are not eternal, i.e. they will be destroyed at a certain time, then these verses merely say that these people will stay in hell or paradise (at least) as long as heaven and earth exist (unless God’s will is to terminate their stay earlier). These statements only define a lower limit for the length of time of their stay in hell. It does not say that they will leave hell at the point in time when heaven and earth end. They might continue to stay in hell afterwards, if paradise and hell are somewhere outside of the heavens and the earth. On the other hand, if paradise and hell are part of the heavens and the earth, they will cease to exist with them, but where will their inhabitants go to afterwards? Notice, also, that the same expression, “for all the time that the heavens and the earth endure”, is used not only in reference to the stay in hell but also in reference to the stay in the garden/paradise. If we are to conclude from this passage that the term in hell is limited, does this not equally mean that the term in paradise is limited as well? In other words, if Muslims insist that the believers will stay in paradise forever then nothing in these verses suggests other people will not stay in hell forever. These verses open up only the possibility that the period in hell (and paradise) may be limited, but they do not give a definite promise or conclusive statement in that regard

In response to the above claimed, the expression “except as God will” or “as long as the heavens and the earth endure” is Allah’s way to demonstrate and justify none is equal to Him or none is eternal as He is. Without these words it can be taken once in heaven or in hell they will be live an eternal as God is. But this is not the case as He said in Surah 14:19 See thou not that Allah created the heavens and the earth in Truth? If He so will, He can remove you and put (in your place) a new creation. As one can witness, He is the only One who will prevail over anything as in Surah 18:45 Set forth to them the similitude of the life of this world: It is like the rain which we send down from the skies: the earth’s vegetation absorbs it, but soon it becomes dry stubble, which the winds do scatter: it is (only) Allah who prevails over all things. It is also stated in the Quran everything can perish except Him in Surah 28:88 And call not, besides Allah, on another god. There is no god but He. Everything (that exists) will perish except His own Presence. To Him belongs the Command, and to Him will ye (all) be brought back. It must be reiterated there should be no doubt all is being created by Him thus their beginning and their ends is to Allah as stated in Surah 53:25 But it is to Allah that the End and the Beginning (of all things) belong. Surah 55:26-27 All that is on earth will perish: But will abide (forever) the Presence of thy Lord, full of Majesty, Bounty and Honour. Thus, paradise and hell or the heavens and earth cannot end or be lasting to be on equal term with Allah as the first and the last being His attribute as stated in Surah 57:2-5 To Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: It is He Who gives Life and Death; and He has Power over all things. He is the First and the Last, the Evident and the Immanent: and He has full knowledge of all things. He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and is moreover firmly established on the Throne (of Authority). He knows what enters within the earth and what comes forth out of it, what comes down from heaven and what mounts up to it. And He is with you wheresoever ye may be. And Allah sees well all that ye do. To Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: and all affairs are referred back to Allah.

Nevertheless, His promise is true and in Allah one should put his trust on whatever He decided as in Surah 5:9 To those who believe and do deeds of righteousness hath Allah promised forgiveness and a great reward. But the greatest pleasure is stated as in Surah 9:72 Allah hath promised to Believers, men and women, gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein, and beautiful mansions in gardens of everlasting bliss. But the greatest bliss is the good pleasure of Allah: that is the supreme felicity. And trust in Allah for His promise is true which is stated in Surah 25:58 And put thy trust in Him Who lives and dies not; and celebrate his praise; and enough is He to be acquainted with the faults of His servants. Thus, heaven and hell is eternity but not equal that of the eternity of Allah and He is true to His promise as in Surah 4:122 But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, we shall soon admit them to gardens, with rivers flowing beneath, to dwell therein forever. Allah’s promise is the truth, and whose word can be truer than Allah’s?

Asar

 

Five daily obligatory prayers in the Quran

Salam,

This article is to feature the most important evidences stated in the Quran to come out with the conclusion the number of times a Muslim have to establish their daily obligatory prayers. One of the most misleading argument in the number of prayers commanded by Allah in the Quran is based on the number of names of prayer mentioned in the Quran. They contended that there are only three prayer names mentioned –

1- Salat Al-Fajr (Dawn Prayer) 24:58. 2- Al-Salat Al-Wusta (The Middle Prayer) 2:238 3- Salat Al-Isha (Night Prayer) 24:58

On the contrary, Allah commanded in the Quran to establish the prayers is not based on specific names but on specific times as stated in Surah 4:103 When ye pass (Congregational) prayers, celebrate Allah’s praises, standing, sitting down, or lying down on your sides; but when ye are free from danger, set up Regular Prayers: For such prayers are enjoined on believers at specific times.

If one can initiate contemplating just one verse in the Quran at Surah 2:238 it is conclusive enough to show that the number of prayers Muslims have to perform daily is more than three! At Surah 2:238 Guard strictly your (habit of) prayers and the Middle Prayer; and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind). This single verse show prayers in plural where the Arabic word prayers or “As Salawaat” must come with a plural of three or more. In the case of Surah 2:238 since there is mentioned of plural in prayers “and the Middle prayer” a plural of three times of prayer cannot accommodate this “Middle prayer” or in another word a three plus one prayers which give a total of four times of prayers, an even number cannot have a “middle”. Only an odd total number of the times of prayer can have a middle time located among the other four times of prayer. It is therefore conclusive enough that the number of times of prayer commanded by Allah in the Quran is five and this number is supported by various verses as indicated and explained below.

The verses indicating the five specific times of prayers in the Quran is as quoted in

Surah 11:114 And establish regular prayers at the two ends of the day and at the approaches of the night. In this verse it is mentioned there are three specific times of prayer by which the two ends of the day make up the early part of the day is the time of sunrise and the other end of the day is the time of sunset. The other specific time mention is the early part of the night. In Arabic the three specific times is known as the time of Fajar, Maghrib and Ishaa.

In Surah 17:78 “Establish regular prayers at the sun’s decline towards the darkness of the night.” This specific time is when the sun decline from its zenith at noon pointing towards the night. Allah mentioned in this verse the sun decline at noon pointing towards the night in order to avoid it being duplicate to that of sunset or maghrib which is the other specific time of prayer mentioned in Surah 11:114 previously.

The four times mentioned so far are sunrise or fajar at Surah 11:114; Noon or Dhzur at Surah 17:78); Sunset or Maghrib at Surah 11:114 and Night or Ishaa at Surah 11:114)

Apart from the above four timings, Allah also mention the time of business at Surah 62:9-10 O ye who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on the Day of Congregation, hasten earnestly to the Remembrance of Allah, and leave off business (and traffic): That is best for you if ye but knew! And when the Prayer is finished, then may ye disperse through the land, and seek of the Bounty of Allah.

It is common in the Arab world from the time of the Prophet (Pbuh) until modern times the “business or commercial time” is most active at late noon after the Arabs have taken a short afternoon nap but before the time of sunset. This “business time” at late noon when trading is active conform to the Middle prayer as stated in Surah 2:238 as it satisfy the meaning in term of “middle” among the four other prayer times and also in term of equal time span or in the midst between two prayer times which is between the time when the sun decline from its zenith at noon or dzhor at Surah 17:78 and at the time of sunset or maghrib at Surah 11:114. It is therefore true in form as “middle” in term of name among four times of prayers and in term of time span or duration between two known prayer times between noon and sunset.

Thus, with the above evidences in the Quran all the specific times of prayer for Muslims can be accounted as follows

The early end of the day at Surah 11:114 is sunrise or fajar.

The specific time at the sun’s decline from its zenith 17:78 at noon is noon or dzhor.

The business or trading time at Surah 62:9-10 as the Middle Prayer at Surah 2:238.

The late end of the day at Surah 11:114 is sunset or maghrib.

The night prayer at Surah 11:114 is early night or ishaa.

And all the timings of the above five specific times of prayer is the time to establish the prayers and must be guarded or preserved well as Allah commanded at S2:238 Guard strictly your prayers, and the Middle Prayer; and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind).

Further to consolidate that it is five specific times that is being commanded for the daily prayers, the times is fixed and can be easily calculated based on the movement of the sun. It is time to pray when the sun starts to rise. After rising the time when the sun starts to decline from its zenith at noon is the sign of the specific time to pray. It is time to pray again during the busy trading times when the sun is midpoint between the time it declines at noon and its setting in the evening. When the sun starts to set at the horizon is another specific time to pray and finally when the sun sink and all form of light is hidden and total darkness prevails is the last specific time for Muslims to establish their prayers which is at night time.

Thus, any other argument whether there are only three specific times of prayer or there is no form of any ritual prayers in the Quran will cause contradiction against the verses stated above and most important they cannot reconcile the specific times of their prayer to that fixed by Allah mentioned in all the verses in the Quran. And when it causes contradiction it is stated in the Quran In Surah 4:82 Do they not consider the Qur’an (with care)? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein Much discrepancy.

Asar

 

Commenting www.answeringislam.net on messengers and prophets.

Salam,

Here is an interesting article written in the web page www.answeringislam.net with the title “Were Prophets from among all nations or only from Abraham’s seed? The first verse of the Quran that was quoted is at Surah 29:27 And We gave (Abraham) Isaac and Jacob, and ordained among his progeny Prophethood and Revelation, and We granted him his reward in this life; and he was in the Hereafter (of the company) of the Righteous.

With reference to the above verse the writer makes a claim of contradiction in the Quran by questioning whether all prophets were from among all nations or from Abraham’s seed only. In Surah 29:27 above it is stated that all prophets came from Abraham’s seed. But Surah16:36 claims that Allah raised messengers from among every people. In Surah 29:27 as stated above there are some will debate whether “his seed” refers to Jacob as the last person mentioned or to Abraham (him) whom Isaac and Jacob were given to. In either case, the prophethood is stated to belong to Abraham’s descendants. If all prophets are from Abraham’s seed as Surah 29:27 declares, it can hardly be possible that at the same time there are messengers from among every people as stated in Surah 16:36 For We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger, (with the Command), “Serve Allah, and eschew Evil”: of the People were some whom Allah guided, and some on whom error became inevitably (established). So, travel through the earth, and see what was the end of those who denied (the Truth). The claim of contradiction then is, does anybody intend to claim that all people groups are physical descendants of Abraham?

In response to the above alleged contradiction it is not true the claim by the disputant that messengers and prophets were chosen only from the descendants of Prophet Abraham through Isaac and Jacob or those of the descendants of the Children of Israel as claimed by some especially the Jews. Allah is fair that all humanity will have a fair chance to receive His warning and glad tidings through messengers from their own people and since Adam He has sent messengers to all generation of communities around the world with the first original message to Adam when he disobeyed his Lord as stated in Surah 2:38-39 We said: “Get ye down all from here; and if, as is sure, there comes to you Guidance from Me, whosoever follows My guidance, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. “But those who reject faith and belie Our Signs, they shall be companions of the Fire; they shall abide therein.” And this message of warnings and glad tidings had never failed to come through the messengers to all generation of communities, thereafter to Noah as stated in Surah 26:105-108 The people of Noah rejected the apostles. Behold, their brother Noah said to them: “Will ye not fear (Allah)? “I am to you an apostle worthy of all trust: “So fear Allah, and obey me. And after Noah Allah continue sending bringers of warning and glad tidings as in Surah 23:31-32 Then We raised after them another generation. And We sent to them a messenger from among themselves, (saying), “Worship Allah. ye have no other god but Him. Will ye not fear (Him)?” The reason messengers were sent to every communities by justification is stated in Surah 28:59 Nor was thy Lord the one to destroy a population until He had sent to its centre a messenger, rehearsing to them Our Signs; nor are We going to destroy a population except when its members practice iniquity.

However, judging from the writing of the disputant in this article it is clear that he is unaware of the difference between a messenger (Rasul) and a prophet (Nabi), he is assuming all the messengers were equal or are corresponding to all the prophets which it is not. In the Quran it is stated all prophets were messengers but not all messengers were prophets. Messenger who were prophets received a book the examples as stated in Surah 6:83-89 That was the reasoning about Us, which We gave to Abraham (to use) against his people: We raise whom We will, degree after degree: for thy Lord is full of wisdom and knowledge. We gave him Isaac and Jacob: all (three) guided: and before him, We guided Noah, and among his progeny, David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Aaron: thus do We reward those who do good: And Zakariya and John, and Jesus and Elias: all in the ranks of the righteous: And Ismael and Elisha, and Jonas, and Lot: and to all We gave favour above the nations: (To them) and to their fathers, and progeny and brethren: We chose them, and we guided them to a straight way. This is the guidance of Allah. He giveth that guidance to whom He please, of His worshippers. If they were to join other gods with Him, all that they did would be vain for them. These were the men to whom We gave the Book, and authority, and prophethood: if these (their descendants) reject them, Behold! We shall entrust their charge to a new people who reject them not. The examples of a prophet who is also a messenger is Moses as stated in Surah 19:51 Also mention in the Book (the story of) Moses: for he was specially chosen, and he was a messenger (and) a prophet. And of Ismael at Surah 19:54 Also mention in the Book (the story of) Ismael: He was true to what he promised, and he was a messenger (and) a prophet. And of Muhammad as stated in Surah 7:158 Say: “O men! I am sent unto you all, as the Messenger of Allah, to Whom belong the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He: it is He That giveth both life and death. So, believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believe in Allah and His words: follow him that (so) ye may be guided.”

Although messengers can come from all communities and irrespective of the times, the prophets were not, they were individuals chosen by Allah from certain communities at specific times. Nevertheless the prophets will not only come from the descendants of Jacob as stated in Surah 29:27 quoted above as claimed by the disputant but there were other individuals as those that has been chosen since the generation of Noah to that of the prophet Muhammad as shown in Surah 4:163 Surely We have revealed to you (O Muhammad) as We revealed to Noah, and the prophets (Nabiyeena) after him, and We revealed to Abraham and Ismael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and Isa and Job and Jonah and Aaron and Solomon and We gave to David the Psalms.  However, there is no regulation or limitation on the messengers as that of the prophets as stated in Surah 4:164 And (We sent) messengers We have mentioned to you (O Muhammad) before and messengers we have not mentioned to you; and to Moses, Allah addressed His Word, speaking (to him). From the ending part of this verse 4:164 after Moses messengers will still come to human communities but not any more of the prophets as the Prophet Muhammad is the last of the prophets as stated in Surah 33:40 Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things. Thus, it is clearly stated in the Quran the messengers were sent to all human communities before and after Muhammad but the prophets were chosen from certain communities not only from Abraham or Jacob but from the seeds which goes back to that of Noah until the time of the days of the Prophet Muhammad. There is therefore no contradiction in the Quran as perceived by the writer but it is the fault of him being lack of knowledge on the differences between a messenger and a prophet as told in the Quran.

Asar

 

Older posts

© 2019 Asar At the Desk

Design by Affaf CreativeUp ↑