Author: Asar (page 1 of 6)

Underaged marriage in scriptures

Salam,

There is evidence that the Bible is the original source of marriage of underaged or prepubescent girls that parents were led to believe it is not a sinful or immoral as there is no restriction in any age limit or any form of qualification governing the right to get married is ever presence in the Bible. However, the Quran have all the evidences and quoting the rationale who qualify to get the permission to be married.

Marrying Prepubescent Girls is allowable in the Bible –

The Bible and the Jewish scriptures were the sources of underaged marriages as according to those scriptures there is no restriction or prohibition of age in child marriage as any virgin girl can be married as proven by the following verse of the Bible –

1 Corinthians 7:28 But and if thou marry, thou had not sinned, and if a virgin marry, she hath not sinned. Nevertheless, such shall have trouble in the flesh: but I spared you.

The above verse shows there is no restriction in age for the Christian to marry girls of any age and the verse even stipulate that if the groom hurts the poor little girl during the wedding night the Lord of the Bible will spare him. That is how lenient it appears in the Bible text.

And in another verse of the Bible at Joel 1:8 “Lament like a virgin girded with sackcloth for the husband of her youth.”

According to the definition of “youth” in the Oxford dictionary it is “The period between childhood and adult age.” That will mean any age can qualify to be married in the Bible.

Further in the Old Testaments at Numbers 31:17-18 Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him. But all the women children, that have not known a man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves.

Here again in the above verse the Bible permits the exploitation of young female children over the captives of war. It can be interpreted that they can either be slave or married at a young age or simply abused.

Thus, since the Bible allows any virgin girl to be married and children captives can be kept for yourselves it is therefore legal for Christians to marry even a three-year old virgin underaged girls.

The Jewish scriptures also supports underage child marriage as proven by the following verses –

Yebhamot 11b: “Sexual intercourse with a little girl is permitted if she is three years of age.”

Aboda Sarah 37a: “A gentile girl who is three years old can be violated.”

It can be seen that the Bible and the Jewish scriptures without any qualification and restriction attached as conditions of marriage were the sources that supports marrying an underage virgin girl whether she is three or six-year old. 

On the contrary, the Quran prohibit marrying young underaged children unless they pass the marriage test which requires them to be matured and able to manage her own household as a fully capable wife and they must also be able to understand the marriage agreement that she needs to stamp. Furthermore, the command in the Quran is to marry matured women and not children as stated below in the following verses –

Surah 4:6. And test the orphans [in their abilities] until they reach marriageable age. Then if you perceive in them sound judgement, release their property to them.

Surah 4:21 And how could ye take it (given dowry) when ye have gone in unto each other, and they have taken from you a solemn agreement?

Surah 4:3 If you fear that you cannot deal fairly with orphan girls, you may marry women (Annisaa) of your choice, two or three or four; but if you fear that you might not be able to treat them with equal fairness, then only one

With the regards to the wives of the Prophet, it was recorded in the Quran that all those of his wives were matured woman (Arabic “ni’saa”) which means that all have cleared the marriage qualification and requirement as matured women as stated in –

Surah 33:30 O consorts (Ni’saa) of the Prophet, whosoever among you commits a flagrant indecency, for her the chastisement shall be doubled; that is easy for God.

However, despite of all the requirements especially the marriage test at Surah 4:6 one must be matured to be married, there were opportunists who interpret the following surah to include prepubescent girls in the Quran at –

Surah 65:4 And those who no longer expect menstruation among your women – if you doubt, then their period is three months, and [also for] those who have not menstruated. And for those who are pregnant, their term is until they give birth. And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him of his matter ease. It is claimed that in the first category those of the women who have passed the age of menstruation due to their old age, their waiting period is three months. In the second category the classification of those who have not yet menstruated, were not only to include matured women but also to be included those of young prepubescent girls who have not yet reach the age of menstruation due to their young age. Their iddah or waiting period is also three months.

This inclusion of prepubescent girls at Surah 65:4 contradicted with Surah 4:6 as it is just impossible to include prepubescent girls with waiting period or iddah as in the first place, they will fail the marriage test at Surah 4:6. To qualify to be married their maturity must be proven that they can manage their own household and are able to understand the agreement they are going to authenticate. Underaged girls can never pass this hurdle.

Even if it is for matured girls well over being underaged in Surah 65:4 it is not uncommon that some matured girls or women have abnormal menstruation because of sickness known as amenorrhea in which primary amenorrhea is diagnosed as one who reach the age of 16 but yet have not begun to menstruate. These are the reference group but to include underaged prepubescent girls in Surah 65:4 is a clear falsehood and a contradiction to the marriage test at Surah 4:6.

Thus, for those who accused Islam of allowing underaged girls to be married is untrue and unfounded as the Quran is in actually fact have put hindrance and clear strict qualification for those who wish to get married.

It is therefore ridiculous, to assert that the Prophet Muhammad married Aishah when she was six-year old when there is in the Quran clear reference and qualification whom he is allowed to marry.

It is clearly a blatant lie and a fabrication to smear the good name of the Prophet of Islam. And those false hadith that claimed the Prophet married a prepubescent girl were clearly being inspired and being outsourced from the adulterated scriptures of former people in the Bible and Jewish scriptures as being quoted above.

Asar

No woman Imam in the Quran

Salam,

In Islam today there is a controversial issue whether the woman can be Imam in a congregation prayer for both men and women. It has been seen today there are several women who stand as Imam and lead the prayer in a mixed congregation behind her without any sex segregation imposed on them.  The women who took the responsibility to become Imam claimed that there is unclear point from specific traditions the Hadith or more important the Quran itself does not deal with the issue directly.

However, there are clear evidences in the Quran that only men are to lead the congregation prayers unless there is none present to serve as Imam then only it is the responsibility of the woman to relief the duty. In Surah 7:52 For We had certainly sent unto them a Book, based on knowledge, which We explained in detail, a guide and a mercy to all who believe.

All the evidences in the Quran showed it is the man to lead the prayer. The examples shown in the verse below the Arabic ‘kunta” is singular masculine in gender is a man who lead the congregation prayer at Surah 4:102 “When thou (kunta) art with them, and stand to lead them in prayer.” This is an evidence and an example to show that a man is to lead the prayer. Further in the Quran it is mentioned man is not restricted to lead the prayers only at the mosque but also in any place of worship whether in the house or anywhere and anytime  because it is natural that men can accommodate the extra time to volunteer to become Imam in all the five times on the daily obligatory prayers compared to woman.

It is described that men had the time for the duty as stated in Surah 24:36-37 In houses, which Allah hath permitted to be raised to honour; for the celebration, in them, of His name: In them is He glorified in the mornings and in the evenings. By men whom neither traffic nor merchandise can divert from the Remembrance of Allah, nor from regular Prayer, nor from the practice of regular Charity: Their only fear is for the Day when hearts and eyes will be transformed.

In comparison to woman, their time is fully dedicated to manage the daily family affairs being the responsibility of the wife and mother. They have to spend a lot of time in preparation of food in the kitchen and taking care of the children. Furthermore, there is the natural monthly disruption she has to take care which might be a time of discomfort for her. So, for them to take the duty of Imam in the mosque, it is not only enforcing extra duty and time against them but also they might deprive their own personal service to their families.

Apart from the Quran citing only man have led the prayer, there is also the evidence

that there should be a segregation between the two sexes in the mosque as stated in the Quran at Surah 2:187….But do not associate with your wives while ye are in retreat in the mosques. Those are limits set by Allah: Approach not nigh thereto. Thus, doth Allah make clear His Signs to men: that they may learn self-restraint.

The above verse shows that there should even be a form for segregation between the men and the women in the mosque. Since there is no evidence the woman is to lead the prayer the least that can be done is to allocate them fairly behind the Imam but in two separate groups of men and women to the left and right immediately behind the Imam. This should be a better arrangement than the traditional way where all the man congregation is in the front line while all the women stood behind all the men.

In addition to the above, there is the narrative of the mother of Mary whom while still in her pregnancy she pledged to dedicate her baby to the service of the Lord but when she was delivered of a female she recognized that the male may be more conducive for that kind of service than a female will be able to do as stated in Surah 3:35-36 Behold! a woman of ‘Imran said: “O my Lord! I do dedicate unto Thee what is in my womb for Thy special service: So, accept this of me: For Thou hear and know all things.” When she was delivered, she said: “O my Lord! Behold! I am delivered of a female child!”- and Allah knew best what she brought forth “And no wise is the male like the female. I have named her Mary, and I commend her and her offspring to Thy protection from the Evil One, the Rejected.”

It is therefore clear that in the Quran man is preferred to lead the congregation than a woman but not because of sex status but of mitigating reasons as stated above.

Asar

No unlimited sexual freedom with the slaves in Islam

Salam,

Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, is allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property. A slave is unable to withdraw unilaterally from such an arrangement and works without remuneration. Many scholars now use the term chattel slavery to refer to this specific sense of legalized, de jure slavery. Slavery had previously existed throughout history, in many times and most places. The ancient Greeks, the Romans, Incas and Aztecs all had slaves. What does it mean to be a slave or enslaved person? To be a slave is to be owned by another person. A slave is a human being classed as property and who is forced to work for nothing.

According to Wikipedia, the abolition of slavery occurred at different times in different countries. It frequently occurred sequentially in more than one stages, for example, as abolition of the trade in slaves in a specific country, and then as abolition of slavery throughout the empires. Each step was usually the result of a separate law or action. In the third century B.C Ashoka abolishes the slave trade and encourages people to treat slaves well in the Maurya Empire, covering the majority of India, which was under his rule. In China, Wang Mang, first and only emperor of the Xin Dynasty, usurped the Chinese throne and instituted a series of sweeping reforms, including the abolition of slavery and radical land reform from 9–12 A.D. Later, Pope Gregory I banned Jews from owning Christian slaves. Slavery in the Muslim world first developed out of the slavery practices of pre-Islamic Arabia, and was at times radically different, depending on social-political factors such as the Arab slave trade. It is claimed throughout Islamic history, slaves served in various social and economic roles, from powerful emirs to harshly treated manual laborers.

Although the Quran does not prohibit slavery, it does suggest certain means of integrating slaves, whom were explicitly enslaved after being captured in war, into the Muslim community. It allows and make preference for men to marry slaves than marrying a disbeliever as stated in Surah 2:221 Do not marry unbelieving women (idolaters), until they believe: A slave woman who believes is better than an unbelieving woman, even though she allures you. Nor marry your women to unbelievers until they believe: A man slave who believes is better than an unbeliever, even though he allures you. Unbelievers do (but) beckon you to the Fire. But Allah beckons by His Grace to the Garden of bliss and forgiveness, and makes His Signs clear to mankind: That they may celebrate His praise. Also stated in Surah 4:25 If any of you have not the means wherewith to wed free believing women, they may wed believing girls from among those whom your right hands possess: And Allah hath full knowledge about your faith. Ye are one from another: Wed them with the leave of their owners, and give them their dowers, according to what is reasonable: They should be chaste, not lustful, nor taking paramours: when they are taken in wedlock, if they fall into shame, their punishment is half that for free women. This permission is for those among you who fear sin; but it is better for you that ye practise self-restraint. And Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

As can be seen from the above in the Quran it was made a preference for a Muslim to marry a slave woman than a disbelieving woman and the penalty for those slaves who fall into shame is half of that of the free woman meaning from a hundred lashes penalty as quoted in Surah 24:2 they were to be punished with half or only 50 lashes to show that the slaves is to be treated with lighter penalty as their lives have not been one commensurate to those of the free women. However, in the Quran the more compassionate recommendation is to free the slaves in absolute term or as and when they wish to make a deal as stated in Surah 24:33 Let those who find not the wherewithal for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah gives them means out of His grace. And if any of your slaves ask for a deed in writing (to enable them to earn their freedom for a certain sum), give them such a deed if ye know any good in them: yea, give them something yourselves out of the means which Allah has given to you. But force not your maids to prostitution when they desire chastity, in order that ye may make a gain in the goods of this life. But if anyone compels them, yet, after such compulsion, is Allah, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful to them.

Despite this protection in the Quran against sexual exploitation in slavery, there were Christian evangelists and non-Muslim writers claimed that in the Quran female slaves do not have the right to grant or deny sexual access to themselves. Instead, they claimed the Quran permits men to have sexual access to “what their right hands possess,” of female captives or slaves as they claimed that which is stated in the Surah 23:5-6 Who abstain from sex, except with those joined to them in the marriage bond, or (the captives) whom their right hands possess, for in their case they are free from blame (the same text is stated in Surah 70:29-30 to have unlimited sex with slaves). However, the slaves mentioned in both these Surah were the ones whom they have to be married first as a preconditioned before they can have sex as mentioned in the previous verses quoted earlier at Surah 2:221 and Surah 4:25 to marry them first.

Only the fabricators using falsehood materials claim a Muslim can have unlimited sex with his slaves and practise “Mutah” a temporary marriage as a screen to do fornication. It is impossible for a Muslim to have unlimited sex with the slave as they are prohibited even to be close with one another in a compromising position as quoted in Surah 17:32 Nor come nigh to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil, opening the road (to other evils).

There is therefore no free sex in the Quran as one had to marry whether it is to a free woman or a slave to be in union and must convene and accept all the responsibilities of the marriage covenant in the Quran. An in Surah 24:32 And marry those among you who are single and those who are fit among your male slaves and your female slaves; if they are needy, Allah will make them free from want out of His grace; and Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing. Furthermore, it is mentioned in the Quran, even the Prophet have to marry with the slaves by paying them their dowry as stated Surah 33:50 O Prophet! Surely, We have made lawful to you your wives whom you have given their dowries, and those whom your right hand possesses out of those whom Allah has given to you as prisoners of war. This means that the Prophet have to give the female slaves their dowries too as he had to give the free women their dowries and marry them to be in union.

If one is to look closer in the issues of slavery, there is a difference is the definition of slavery in Islam compared to Western understanding, a slave is defined in the Quran as a captive or a prisoner of war and not that being practiced by former Western colonialists who kidnapped and captured native Africans and then transported them to their various colonies in North and South America, the Caribbean and other parts of the world to work as hard labour for the owners of estates. In Islam, to own a slave even the Prophet have to fight wars as mentioned in Surah 8:67 It is not fitting for a prophet that he should have prisoners of war until he hath thoroughly subdued the land. Ye look for the temporal goods of this world; but Allah look to the Hereafter: And Allah is Exalted in might, Wise. Thus, war captives were made slaves because the enemies waged wars and caused hostilities on the Muslim communities.

In term of marital status, it is stated in the Quran although all free married women are prohibited for marriage to a Muslim, those married slave women whose husbands lost the war, one can marry them as stated in Surah 4:24 Also prohibited are women already married, except those whom your right hands possess: Thus hath Allah ordained (Prohibitions) against you: Except for these, all others are lawful, provided ye seek (them in marriage) with gifts from your property, desiring chastity, not lust, seeing that ye derive benefit from them, give them their dowers as prescribed; but if, after a dower is prescribed, agree Mutually (to vary it), there is no blame on you, and Allah is All-knowing, All-wise. The marriage to a slave married women is valid only if she had converted being a Muslim as is stated in Surah 60:10 O ye who believe! When there come to you believing women refugees, examine (and test) them: Allah knows best as to their Faith: if ye ascertain that they are Believers, then send them not back to the Unbelievers. They are not lawful (wives) for the Unbelievers, nor are the (Unbelievers) lawful (husbands) for them. But pay the Unbelievers what they have spent (on their dower), and there will be no blame on you if ye marry them on payment of their dower to them. But hold not to the guardianship of unbelieving women: ask for what ye have spent on their dowers, and let the (Unbelievers) ask for what they have spent (on the dowers of women who come over to you). Such is the command of Allah. He judges (with justice) between you. And Allah is Full of Knowledge and Wisdom.

With such a situation, it must be reiterated, although the Quran does not prohibit slavery, it emphasises special humane treatment on slaves and giving freedom to them is considered a great righteous deed. In Surah 2:177 Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but righteousness is in one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveller, those who ask [for help], and for freeing the slaves; and who establishes prayer and gives alms (zakah); those who fulfilled their promise when they promise; and those who are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous.

Even in certain penalty the redemption is freeing a slave as stated in Surah 4:92 And never is it for a believer to kill a believer except by mistake. And whoever kills a believer by mistake – then the freeing of a believing slave and a compensation payment presented to the deceased’s family is required unless they give up their right as charity. Also in divorce cases as in Surah 58:3 But those who divorce their wives by calling the wife as their “mother’s back” (Zihar), then wish to go back on the words they uttered, It is ordained that such a one should free a slave before they touch each other: Thus are ye admonished to perform: and Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do.

As can be seen from the evidences in the Quran Islam advocate humane, consideration, rectitude and justice when dealing with the slaves and it is treated as a priority to free the slaves as the feat is rank as virtue deeds for salvation as confirm in Surah 90:10-18 And shown him the two highways? But he hath made no haste on the path that is steep. And what will explain to thee the path that is steep? It is: freeing the slaves; Or the giving of food in a day of privation. To the orphan with claims of relationship, Or to the indigent (down) in the dust. Then will he be of those who believe, and enjoin patience, (constancy, and self-restraint), and enjoin deeds of kindness and compassion. Such are the Companions of the Right Hand.

Asar

God commanding and making human sacrifice is a Biblical error.

Salam,

The concept of offering a sacrifice is treated as one if not as the highest form of adoration in which a patronage is done in the name of religion doing the act of offering something to a deity in propitiation or homage, especially the ritual slaughter of an animal or a person. The offer of a victim is in acknowledgment of God’s supreme dominion and of total human dependence on God. In sacrifice the gift offered is something precious completely surrendered by the one making the sacrifice as a token of humble recognition of God’s sovereignty.

Animal sacrifice in most religions has been an accepted part of traditions. All ancient cultures had some sort of ritual sacrifice that was a part of their customs. The basic idea behind sacrificing an animal and presenting it to the Gods is a way to please them or thank them for their kindness.

Muslims offering of sacrifice originate from the command of Allah to do the duty to perform the annual pilgrimage as stated in Surah 22:27-28 “And proclaim the Pilgrimage among men: they will come to thee on foot and (mounted) on every kind of camel, lean on account of journeys through deep and distant mountain highways; “That they may witness the benefits (provided) for them, and celebrate the name of Allah, through the Days appointed, over the cattle which He has provided for them (for sacrifice): then eat ye thereof and feed the distressed ones in want.

Apart from the people of the scriptures offering sacrifice on animals, in the pre-Columbian era, there were human sacrifice in Mayan culture and this was the ritual offering of nourishment to the gods. Then, blood was viewed as a potent source of nourishment for the Mayan deities, and the sacrifice of a living creature was a powerful blood offering.

However, in all the rituals of sacrifice it is only human that make or offer sacrifice to a deity but not the other way around as any God is considered the Mighty and is the source of physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual values. Thus, Gods obviously had never or will never make or sacrifice on His creators. Such is in Islam, Allah never did and will never do any sacrifice because He is God and as God Almighty, He is free of wants as stated in Surah 35:15 O ye men! It is ye that have need of Allah: but Allah is the One Free of all wants, worthy of all praise. In another verse of the Quran it is stated in Surah 31:26 To Allah belong all things in heaven and earth: verily Allah is He free of all wants, worthy of all praise. Thus, not only it is a falsehood to ascribe Allah to do sacrifice, He never even commanded His servants anytime or anywhere to offer human sacrifice in return for his salvation or any form of religious reparations.

On the contrary there is evidence that Yahweh, the God of the Israelites in the Bible commanded His servant to make a human offering in order to test how deep the servant’s love for his son compared of his love for God.

This is stated in Genesis 22:2 And he said, take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

If one were to compare this story of Abraham and his son in the Bible to that of the Quran, it is entirely a different perspective and situation as Allah has no part in demanding such devotion from Abraham to the extension of commanding him to sacrifice his son. In the Quran Abraham had a dream as stated in Surah 37:102 Then, when (the son) reached (the age of) (serious) work with him, he said: “O my son! I see in my dream that I offer thee in sacrifice: Now see what is thy view!” (The son) said: “O my father! Do as thou art commanded: thou will find me, if Allah so wills one practising Patience and Constancy!”

The dream clearly stated that he was to sacrifice his son by putting the son’s head on the ground and that was the sight of the dream which he demonstrated as shown in Surah 37:103 “So when they had both submitted their wills, and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (for sacrifice)”. This was the dream Abraham had and as can be seen from evidence in the Quran there is no such command from Allah to Abraham in his dream to sacrifice his son but the reason Abraham still proceed to sacrifice his own son is because his own soul that urged him to do so. The soul played an evil part is not a rare case as it happened in the example of Samiri who was the person responsible for the creation of the golden calf and his excuse when he was being asked he answered in Surah 20:95-96 Moses said: “What then is thy case, O Samiri?” He replied: “I saw what they saw not: so, I took a handful of dust from the footprint of the Messenger, and threw it into the calf: thus, did my soul suggest to me.” And in another example in the case of one of the sons of Adam in Surah 5:27-30 Recite to them the truth of the story of the two sons of Adam. Behold! they each presented a sacrifice (to Allah) It was accepted from one, but not from the other. Said the latter: “Be sure I will slay thee.” “Surely,” said the former, “(Allah) doth accept of the sacrifice of those who are righteous. “If thou dost stretch thy hand against me, to slay me, it is not for me to stretch my hand against thee to slay thee: for I do fear Allah, the cherisher of the worlds. “For me, I intend to let thee draw on thyself my sin as well as thine, for thou wilt be among the companions of the fire, and that is the reward of those who do wrong.” The (selfish) soul of the other led him to the murder of his brother: he murdered him, and became (himself) one of the lost ones.

Nevertheless, the stories of Samiri and the sons of Adam in relation to that of Abraham give different outcome in that Allah did not stop Samiri or the son of Adam from what their soul urged them to do but He saved Abraham because Abraham was a good man. He was a good man in Surah 4:125 Who can be better in religion than one who submits his whole self to Allah, does good, and follows the way of Abraham the true in Faith? For Allah did take Abraham for a friend. And in Surah 16:120 Abraham was indeed a model, devoutly obedient to Allah, (and) true in Faith, and he joined not gods with Allah. Allah prevented Abraham of committing the sacrifice because he was a good man but penalised him to sacrifice an animal instead and in the Day of Judgment he will be rewarded as stated in Surah 37:104-111 We called out to him “O Abraham! “Thou hast already fulfilled the vision!” – thus indeed do We reward those who do right. For this was obviously a trial. And We ransomed him with a momentous sacrifice: And We left (this blessing) for him among generations (to come) in later times: “Peace and salutation to Abraham!” Thus, indeed do We reward those who do right. For he was one of our believing Servants. That was the dream Abraham had putting his son head on the ground to be sacrificed and Allah confirmed he had fulfilled his dream doing just that.

On the contrary the story was never a dream but the command from Yahweh was real, in Genesis 22:9-12 And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son. And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, here am I. And he said, lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou anything unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.

As can be seen the God of the Bible gave real command to Abraham but later retract it while in the Quran it was only a dream of Abraham which his soul urge him to manifest but Allah prevented it considering he was a good man.

And in another incident in the Bible the Father, the God of the Christians instead of demanding a sacrifice from His servants as happened in Genesis 22:2 make a sacrifice Himself of His son Jesus to be crucified on the Cross to absorb the sins of sinners in this world as stated in John 3:16-17 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. And Jesus was sacrificed was also mentioned in 1Corithians 15:3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures.

The Bible and the Quran therefore shows contrasting action of human and God in the origin of sacrifice for salvation which is the cleaning of the soul from sin and its consequences of sin and its effects to lead a pious life. The role of blood from the subjects of sacrifice is therefore treated differently by the various beliefs that leads to various rituals.

In the Bible blood plays a major role in the Old Testament. On the first Passover in Exodus 12:1-13, the blood of a lamb was posted on the top and sides of each door frame as a sign that death had already taken place, so the Angel of Death would pass over. And once a year on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), the high priest would enter the Holy of Holies to offer a blood sacrifice to atone for the sins of the people. The blood of a bull and of a goat was sprinkled on the altar. The life of the animal was poured out, given on behalf of the life of the people. When God cut a covenant treaty with his people at Sinai, Moses took the blood of oxen and sprinkled half of it on the altar and half on the people of Israel. (Exodus 24:6-8)

The Christian have a different notion is that blood signifies the supreme offering to God. God’s holiness and justice demand that sin be punished. The only penalty or payment for sin is eternal death. The offering of an animal and even our own death are not sufficient sacrifices to pay for sin. Atonement requires a perfect, spotless sacrifice, offered in just the right way. Jesus Christ, the one perfect God-man, came to offer the pure, complete and everlasting sacrifice to make payment for human sin. In the New Testament, the blood of Jesus Christ, therefore, becomes the foundation for God’s new covenant of grace. At the Last Supper, Jesus said to his disciples in Luke 22:20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, this cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

However, in the Quran blood from sacrifices does not play an important role in any ritual as long the animals were slaughtered with the name of Allah being mentioned. Ultimately it is the meat that is distributed to feed the poor is the basis of the souls being purified as described in Surah 22:36-37 And the camels and cattle We have appointed for you as among the symbols of Allah; for you therein is good. So, mention the name of Allah upon them when lined up [for sacrifice]; and when they are [lifeless] on their sides, then eat from them and feed the needy and the beggar. Thus, have We subjected them to you that you may be grateful. Their meat will not reach Allah, nor will their blood, but what reaches Him is piety from you. Thus, have We subjected them to you that you may glorify Allah for that to which He has guided you; and give good tidings to the doers of good.

Asar

Explaining Surah 10:94 whether to ask the Christians and Jews

Salam,

Many Christians claims that the Quran at Surah 10:94 tells Muslims to ask People of Book that is Christians and Jews if they are in doubt about their Quran. This means according to the Christians and Jews, Muslims have to make reference to them based on the verse as people who received the scriptures earlier. What is stated is that in Surah 10:94 So, if you are in doubt, (O Muhammad), about that which We have revealed to you, then ask those who have been reading the Scripture before you. The truth has certainly come to you from your Lord, so never be among the doubters

If one read in earnest the above verse, one can see in actual fact the verse contained two sentences which have to be approached astutely. The basic concept of the content of the above verse at Surah 10:94 is actually to assess the level of confidence of the Prophet in particular and the Muslims in general in believing on their own scripture the Quran. If the Prophet or a Muslim is a doubter in his own book the Quran, based on the first sentence of the verse of Surah 10:94 which says “So, if you are in doubt, about that which We have revealed to you, then ask those who have been reading the Scripture before you,” If one is a doubter of his Quran then, he will logically ask the people who have been reading the scriptures before him it can be the Christians or the Jews with their respective scriptures  the Bible or the Torah.

On the contrary, the Prophet and true Muslims who have no hesitancy on the Quran as the truth from Allah will not be of the doubters, and thus they will not be in the category of those who will ask those who have been reading the scriptures before them for the simple reason as the next sentence being quoted in the same Surah 10:94 is “The truth has certainly come to you from your Lord, so never be among the doubters.” So from the Surah 10:94 one have the option to be among the doubters or among the believers of the Quran!

Furthermore, based on evidences in other parts of the Quran, the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) was never in doubt whatever of the truth sent to him of the Quran and also of those who believed with him. Thus, they will never be and have not been in the category of those who dispute or of those who ask anything from people who have been reading the Scriptures before them whether it being the Jews or the Christians as they are confident the Quran is the Truth over previous scriptures. It is the Quran that contained the message of truth as it is stated in Surah 3:60 The truth is from your Lord, so be not of the disputers. And the Prophet Muhammad and  true Muslims with knowledge will obey what is being commanded in Surah 3:60 quoted above and of Surah 13:37 And thus have We revealed it, a true judgment in Arabic, and if you follow their low desires after what has come to you of knowledge, you shall not have against Allah any guardian or a protector.

The Prophet Muhammad was never in anyway doubtful of the truth of his religion and had never consult anything from any Jew or Christian for any matter on religion, all have been received by inspiration from Allah as stated in Surah 10:104-109 Say: “O ye men! If ye are in doubt as to my religion, I worship not what ye worship, other than Allah. But I worship Allah – Who will take your souls at death: I am commanded to be of the Believers, “And further (thus): ‘set thy face towards religion with true piety, and never in any wise be of the Unbelievers; ‘Nor call on any, other than Allah. Such will neither profit thee nor hurt thee: if thou dost, behold! thou shalt certainly be of those who do wrong.’ If Allah do touch thee with hurt, there is none can remove it but He: if He do design some benefit for thee, there is none can keep back His favour: He cause it to reach whomsoever of His servants He please. And He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.  Say: “O ye men! Now Truth hath reached you from your Lord! those who receive guidance, do so for the good of their own souls; those who stray, do so to their own loss: and I am not (set) over you to arrange your affairs.” Follow thou the inspiration sent unto thee, and be patient and constant, till Allah do decide: for He is the best to decide.

It was only the wish of the disbelievers that the Prophet invent something else for himself other than the inspiration sent to him but he did not lose his focus as stated in Surah 7:203 And when you bring them not a revelation they say: Why do you not forge it? Say: I only follow what is revealed to me from my Lord; these are clear proofs from your Lord and a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe. Furthermore, it is stated for believers not be of the doubters but to believe in the truth in Surah 47:2-3 But those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, and believe in the (Revelation) sent down to Muhammad – for it is the Truth from their Lord, He will remove from them their ills and improve their condition. This because those who reject Allah follow vanities, while those who believe follow the Truth from their Lord: Thus, does Allah set forth for men their lessons by similitudes.

The other evidence and criteria that the Prophet Muhammad and Muslims will not ask or refer to the people who have been reading previous scriptures is that the Quran is the “guardian” or “supervisor” over previous scriptures in whatever truth there is left in those scriptures as stated in Surah 5:48 To thee We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the scripture that came before it, and guarding (Muhaiminan) it in safety: so judge between them by what Allah hath revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging from the Truth that hath come to thee.

So, there is no necessity to ask the people who have been reading previous scriptures if one is a believer and not a doubter of the Quran as there is also a guaranty from Allah that the Quran is free of crookedness and it is a protected book from falsehood –

Surah 41:42 No falsehood can approach it from before or behind it: It is sent down by One Full of Wisdom, Worthy of all Praise.

Surah 15:9 We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption).

Asar

Surah 19:28 exposed the falsified Genealogy of Jesus in the Bible

Salam,

This article is to compare the genealogy of Jesus according to the Quran and the Bible. Since both religions believe that Jesus was borne of a miracle without the intervention of male partner it means that there is no genealogy on his father’s side. This narrative is looking on how a genealogy is established by both religions according to their scriptures.

It can be taken for granted that there is no genealogy of Jesus whether as the Son of God or as the Son of Joseph because God has no genealogy and Joseph was not the biological father to Jesus and thus whatever there is it has been fabricated by Christians of their Bible as stated in –

Matthew 1:18-21: Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. 19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily. 20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. 21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

And in Luke 1:30-35 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. 31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. 32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: 33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?

35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore, also, that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.

It can be seen. not only there is no genealogy through his father’s side since Jesus was borne of a miracle, but it is also known that there is neither a geology on his mother’s side being established in the Bible because her father Joachim was, according to some apocryphal writings, the husband of Saint Anne and the father of Mary, the mother of Jesus lack historical information on him. The story of Joachim and Anne first appears in the apocryphal Gospel of James. Joachim and Anne are not mentioned in the bible. His feast day is 26 July according to Wikipedia

Thus, this exposed the falsified genealogy of Mary borrowed from that of Joseph who is clearly pointed out as descendant of David in both genealogies. On the other hand, New Testament sources are silent about Mary’s descendance from David. However, through her marriage with Joseph she enters his family and legally becomes, she and her son Jesus, a part of the House of David.

So apart from the fallacy of fabricating Jesus and Mary genealogy based on Joseph’s side, it resulted in inconsistences and the proof that the genealogy having been fabricated resulted in clear contradictions in the Bible itself. The Bible which is believed to be from God should not have contradiction but here it is –

The New Testament provides two accounts of the genealogy of Jesus, one in the Gospel of Matthew and another in the Gospel of Luke.  Matthew starts with Abraham, while Luke begins with Adam. The lists are identical between Abraham and David, but differ radically from that point. Matthew has twenty-seven generations from David to Joseph, whereas Luke has forty-two, with almost no overlap between the names on the two lists⁠ notably, the two accounts also disagree on who Joseph’s father was: Matthew says he was Jacob, while Luke says he was Heli.

However, The Quran apart of exposing the fallacies of the Bible can also trace the genealogy of Jesus through Mary his mother’s side and that is why he is referred as the Son of Mary not as the Son of God or the Son of Joseph as stated  in Surah 5:72 They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah, He will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.

The genealogy of Jesus therefore is solely from his mother side because he was borne of a miracle without a father as stated in Surah 3:47 She said: “O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man hath touched me?” He said: “Even so: Allah create what He will: When He hath decreed a plan, He but saith to it, ‘Be,’ and it is!

Furthermore, in the Quran, Mary genealogy can be traced to be related to Aaron not as a biological sister but as relative or the descendant of Aaron as stated in Surah 19:28 “O sister of Aaron! Thy father was not a man of evil, nor thy mother a woman unchaste!” 

However, there is some who dispute whether the word “sister” is to mean biological sister in the Quran but this can be discarded as there are proofs that Mary is not the biological sister of Aaron and that the man Aaron the brother of Moses was never a contemporary of Zakariya who had a son named Yahya or John at Surah 19:7 O Zakariya! We give you good news of a son: His name shall be Yahya. On the other hand, Mary the mother of Jesus was a contemporary to Zakariya as he was the one who was given the assignment to take care of Mary as stated in Surah 3:37 Right graciously did her Lord accept her: He made her grow in purity and beauty: To the care of Zakariya was she assigned.

This proven that Mary lived the same time as Zakariya and not at the time of Moses and therefore not the biological sister of Aaron.

Also, in addition, Mary’s mother is not the wife of Imran as some had wrongly translated but a woman of Imran at Surah 3:35 Behold! a woman of ‘Imran said: “O my Lord! I do dedicate unto Thee what is in my womb for Thy special service: So, accept this of me: For Thou hear and know all things.” The true translation of being the woman of the family of Imran is based on the preceding verse at Surah 3:33 is talking about the family or people of Imran and the family or people of Abraham and not of the person Imran or Abraham as stated “Allah did choose Adam and Noah, the family of Abraham, and the family of ‘Imran above all people.” Those who translated it to be “wife of Imran” is therefore in error.

The Quran also confirmed more detail in that Mary is also a descendent from the family of Aaron and not from the family of Moses as the Quran indicated instead of one lineage for Aaron and Moses there were actually two lineage that of Aaron and Moses as stated in Surah 2:248 And (further) their Prophet said to them: “A Sign of his authority is that there shall come to you the Ark of the covenant, with (an assurance) therein of security from your Lord, and the relics left by the family of Moses and the family of Aaron, carried by angels. In this is a symbol for you if ye indeed have faith.”

Mary is therefore connected to Aaron not as a biological sister but as a relative just as some verses of the Quran referred to brothers in which it does not necessarily mean biological brothers but relatives!  It is stated in the Surah 6:87 (To them) and to their fathers, and progeny and brethren: We chose them, and we guided them to a straight way. And in another example also, being mentioned at Surah 7:65 To the ‘Ad people, (We sent) Hud, one of their own brethren: He said: O my people! worship Allah! ye have no other god but Him will ye not fear (Allah)?”

In conclusion, Aaron cannot then be the biological sister to Mary the mother of Jesus because Aaron the brother Moses is not contemporary as those who live with Zakariya, John, Jesus, Mary and her mother “A woman of Imran”. The truth is Mary genealogy can be traced more accurately from the Quran than from the Bible.

Surah 3:60 The Truth (comes) from Allah alone; so be not of those who doubt.

Asar

Jesus Is Dead There Is No Second Coming.

Salam,

There is lot of talk whether from the Muslim or Christian sources that Jesus A.S is coming into this world a second time for their own various beliefs. However, there are clear evidences in the Quran that there in no second coming by the fact that he is dead and only will appear again on the Day of Resurrection.

The argument that whether Jesus is coming back or not is based on the interpretation of this verse of the Quran which says –

Surah 4:157 That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”; but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:-

According to Muslim sources especially from the Hadith, Allah saved Jesus from death of crucifixion by raising him up temporarily and on a specific date in the future Allah will send him back into this world. Muslims believe that Jesus will return at the end of time and will clear all the confusion prevailing in the world regarding his life and mission.

However, controversy is being raised especially the Christians who believed that Jesus died on the Cross by crucifixion but was resurrected after three days and live again until now. They claimed that if the Muslims believed that Jesus did not died then who was crucified on the Cross? Some Muslim sources make the excuse that Jesus was replaced by another man who looked alike but that was not a convincing conclusion as there is no historical or social facts to support such claim.

Nevertheless, the information in the Surah 4:157 which says “but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them” can give an interpretation to save Jesus Allah create a delusion of the image of Jesus while saving the real Jesus. This is not an impossibility to Allah as He is capable of creating “mirage” as those who stranded in the desert think that it was water –

Surah 24:39 But the Unbelievers,- their deeds are like a mirage in sandy deserts, which the man parched with thirst mistakes for water; until when he comes up to it, he finds it to be nothing: But he finds Allah (ever) with him, and Allah will pay him his account: and Allah is swift in taking account.

With the “mirage” evidences from the Quran showing that he was saved by Allah from being crucified on the Cross at Surah 4:157, he was not the only one being saved at a critical moment as Allah also saved Jonah from death in the fish tummy or Abraham from the raging fire in the following verses of the Quran –

Surah 21:87-88 And [mention] the man of the fish, when he went off in anger and thought that We would not decree [anything] upon him. And he called out within the darkness, “There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers.” So, We responded to him and saved him from the distress. And thus, do We save the believers.

Surah 21:68-69 They said, “Burn him and support your gods – if you are to act.” Allah said, “O fire, be coolness and safety upon Abraham.”

Although all of them were saved, in which showing Jesus from crucifixion, Jonah in the fish tummy and Abraham from the fire, they all died soon after on natural reason as no man is created immortal as stated in these verses –

Surah 21:34 And We did not grant to any man before you, eternity [on earth]; so, if you die – would they be eternal?

Surah 39:30 Truly thou wilt die (one day), and truly they (too) will die (one day).

As for Jesus although he was saved from crucifixion, other evidences given in the Quran he is now dead and will only come back as any other on the Day of Resurrection as proven by these verses –

Surah 19:33 “So peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I die, and the day that I shall be raised up to life (again)”!

Surah 3:55 Behold! Allah said: “O Jesus! I will make you die (mutawaffika) and raise you to Myself and clear you (of the falsehoods) of those who blaspheme; I will make those who follow you superior to those who reject faith, to the Day of Resurrection: Then shall you all return unto me, and I will judge between you of the matters wherein you dispute.

And Jesus is dead today and not in heaven to come back a second coming as it is clear from the evidence below he is a mortal –

Surah 5:116-117And behold! Allah will say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Did thou say unto men, worship me and my mother as two gods in derogation of Allah’?” He will say: “Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right to say. Had I said such a thing, thou would indeed have known it. Thou know what is in my heart, Thou I know not what is in Thine. For Thou know in full all that is hidden. Never said I to them aught except what Thou did command me to say, to wit, ‘worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord’; and I was a witness over them while I dwelt among them; when Thou make me die Thou was the Watcher over them, and Thou art a witness to all things.

To conclude, if Jesus is alive this day, he would have witnessed billions of Christians worshipping him but he said in the hereafter he did not witness that or he is among mankind here and now but it is Allah that is the witness and is the watcher over human kind. Jesus is only a man and not god –

Surah 5:72 They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah, Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.

Surah 5:75 Christ the son of Mary was no more than a messenger; many were the messengers that passed away before him. His mother was a woman of truth. They had both to eat their (daily) food. See how Allah doth make His signs clear to them; yet see in what ways they are deluded away from the truth!

Asar

“Allah” is a name of God while “ilah” is the Arabic word for God.

Salam

It has been observed that many people and even some translators of the Arabic Quran into English made an oversight over the application of the word “Allah” and that of “ilah”. The common error is that they equate the meaning of the Arabic Allah is the same as ‘ilah” to mean God. However, Allah is the name of the God of Islam while “ilah” is the Arabic word meaning God. Allah has been the name of God coming from the compound Arabic word Al-ilah which means The God, and is derived from al (the) ilah (deity). The Arabic name for “God” is the word “Al-ilah”. With the definite article “The” or “Al” it is considered the Highest God. Allah had been the God worshipped by the Arab during Prophet Muhammad’s time and also prior of him before he was made the messenger. Nevertheless, the multiple of gods and goddesses to the Arab served specific purpose and apart from that they made those gods partners to the Highest God Allah. It was then the duty of the messenger to propagate to his community to serve and worship only One God Allah as stated in Surah 38:4-7 So they wonder that a Warner has come to them from among themselves! and the Unbelievers say, “This is a sorcerer telling lies! “Has he made the gods (all) into one Allah. Truly this is a wonderful thing!” And the leader among them go away (impatiently), (saying), “Walk ye away, and remain constant to your gods! For this is truly a thing designed (against you)! “We never heard (the like) of this among the people of these latter days: this is nothing but a made-up tale!”

The verses below confirmed that Allah is a name

>>>>>Surah 1:1-4 In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 2. Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds; Most Gracious, Most Merciful; Master of the Day of Judgment.

>>>>>Surah 17:110-111 Say: “Call upon Allah, or call upon Ar Rahman: by whatever name ye call upon Him, (it is well): for to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names. Neither speak thy Prayer aloud, nor speak it in a low tone, but seek a middle course between.” And Say: “Praise be to Allah, who begets no son, and has no partner in (His) dominion: Nor (needs) He any to protect Him from humiliation: yea, magnify Him for His greatness and glory!”

>>>>>Surah 7:180 The most beautiful names belong to Allah: so, call on him by them; but shun such men as use profanity in his names: for what they do, they will soon be requited.

The verses below will show the difference between a name of God Allah and word meaning God “ilah”

>>>>>Surah 2:163 Your God (ilahukum) is one (wahid) God (ilah): There is no god (ilah) but He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

>>>>>Surah 2:172 O ye who believe! Eat of the good things that We have provided for you, and be grateful to Allah, if it is Him ye worship.

>>>>>Surah 3:18 There is no god (ilah) but He: That is the witness of Allah, His angels, and those endued with knowledge, standing firm on justice. There is no god (ilah) but He, the Exalted in Power, the Wise.

>>>>>Surah 3:62 This is the true account: There is no god (ilah) except Allah; and Allah, He is indeed the Exalted in Power, the Wise.

>>>>>Surah 4:87 Allah! There is no god (ilah) but He: of a surety He will gather you together against the Day of Judgment, about which there is no doubt. And whose word can be truer than Allah’s?

>>>>>Surah 4:171 O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) a messenger of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him: so, believe in Allah and His messengers. Say not “Trinity”: desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is One God (ilahun wahidun): Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.

>>>>>Surah 9:31 They take their priests and their anchorites to be their lords in derogation of Allah, and (they take as their Lord) Christ the son of Mary; yet they were commanded to worship but One God (ilahan wahidan): there is no god (ilah) but He. Praise and glory to Him: (Far is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him).

>>>>>Surah 11:14 “If then they (your false gods) answer not your (call), know ye that this revelation is sent down (replete) with the knowledge of Allah, and that there is no god (ilah) but He! will ye even then submit (to Islam)?”

>>>>>Surah 13:30 Thus have we sent thee among a People before whom (long since) have (other) Peoples (gone and) passed away; in order that thou might rehearse unto them what We send down unto thee by inspiration; yet do they reject (Him), the Most Gracious! Say: “He is my Lord! There is no god (ilah) but He! On Him is my trust, and to Him do I turn!”

>>>>>Surah 14:52 Here is a Message for mankind: Let them take warning therefrom, and let them know that He is (no other than) One God (ilahun wahidun): let men of understanding take heed.

>>>>>Surah 16:2 He doth send down His angels with inspiration of His Command, to such of His servants as He please, (saying): “Warn (Man) that there is no god (ilah) but I: so, do your duty unto Me.”

>>>>>Surah 16:22 Your God (ilahukum) is One God (ilahun wahidun): as to those who believe not in the Hereafter, their hearts refuse to know, and they are arrogant.

>>>>>Surah 20:8 Allah! there is no god (ilah) but He! To Him belong the most Beautiful Names.

>>>>>Surah 20:14 “Verily, I am Allah: There is no god (ilah) but I: So worship thou Me (only), and establish regular prayer for celebrating My praise.

>>>>>Surah 20:98 But your God (ilahukum) is Allah: there is no god (ilah) but He: all things He comprehends in His knowledge.

>>>>>Surah 21:25 Not a messenger did We send before thee without this inspiration sent by Us to him: that there is no god (ilah) but I; therefore, worship Me.

>>>>>Surah 21:87 And remember Zun-nun, when he departed in wrath: He imagined that We had no power over him! But he cried through the depths of darkness, “There is no god (ilah) but thou: glory to thee: I was indeed wrong!”

>>>>>Surah 21:108 Say: “What has come to me by inspiration is that your God (ilahukum) is One God (ilahun wahidun): will ye therefore bow to His Will (in Islam)?”

>>>>>Surah 27:26 “Allah! There is no god (ilah) but He! Lord of the Throne Supreme!”

>>>>>Surah 28:70 And He is Allah: There is no god (ilah) but He. To Him be praise, at the first and at the last: for Him is the Command, and to Him shall ye be brought back.

>>>>>Surah 28:88 And call not, besides Allah, on another god (ilahan). There is no god (ilah) but He. Everything (that exists) will perish except His own Presence. To Him belongs the Command, and to Him will ye be brought back.

>>>>>Surah 37:4 Verily, verily, your God (ilahukum) is one!

>>>>>Surah 37:35 For they, when they were told that there is no god (ilah) except Allah, would puff themselves up with Pride,

>>>>>Surah 38:65 Say: “Truly am I a Warner: no god (ilahin) is there but the Allah, the One and Irresistible.

>>>>>Surah 40:16 The Day whereon they will (all) come forth: not a single thing concerning them is hidden from Allah. Whose will be the dominion that Day?” That of Allah, the One the Irresistible!

>>>>>Surah 40:84 But when they saw Our Punishment, they said: “We believe in Allah, the one and only and we reject the partners we used to join with Him.”

>>>>>Surah 44:8 There is no god (ilah) but He: It is He Who gives life and gives death, The Lord and Cherisher to you and your earliest ancestors.

>>>>>Surah 73:9 (He is) Lord of the East and the West: there is no god (ilah) but He: take Him therefore for (thy) Disposer of Affairs.

It is therefore an error when one speaks and make reference that “There is no god but God” It is always “There is no god but Allah”.

Asar

The number of stands (Rakaat) in an obligatory prayer

Salam,

Many devotees in Islam are still wandering whether their daily details in worshipping Allah especially the daily obligatory prayer is detailed in the Quran. Many still have the notion that the Quran is giving only the concept but the details are all quoted in the hadith which is claimed to be the actions and the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad. However, in this article the details of the actions of doing the daily obligatory prayers will be elaborated with supporting evidences from the Quran.

The daily obligatory prayers that today Muslims is doing is derived originally by following the actions of the Prophet Muhammad as shown in the Quran and that he was commanded to follow the religion of the Prophet Abraham as stated in Surah 3:68 Without doubt, among men, the nearest of kin to Abraham, are those who follow him, as are also this Prophet and those who believe: And Allah is the Protector of those who have faith. In the details of the Prophet Abraham doing the obligatory prayer this is his action of standing, bowing and prostration as shown in Surah 22:26 And when We assigned to Abraham the place of the House, saying: Do not associate with Me aught, and purify My House for those who make the circuit and stand to pray, and bow to prostrate themselves in prayers. This is the evidence from the Quran that the Prophet Abraham did his ritual obligatory in worshipping Allah by the action of standing, bow and doing the prostration. In the Quran this is known as doing one stand of establishing the prayer. However, in other Islamic religious books other than the Quran, instead of calling it one stand it is called “rakaat” which is actually the same action of standing, bowing and prostration.

Similarly, the Prophet Muhammad who followed the Prophet Abraham also did the same action of standing, bowing and prostration as stated in Surah 48:29 Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah, and those with him are firm of heart against the unbelievers, compassionate among themselves; you will see them bowing down, prostrating themselves, seeking grace from Allah and pleasure; their marks are in their faces because of the effect of prostration; that is their description in the Taurat and their description in the Injeel; like as seed-produce that puts forth its sprout, then strengthens it, so it becomes stout and stands firmly on its stem, delighting the sowers that He may enrage the unbelievers on account of them; Allah has promised those among them who believe and do good, forgiveness and a great reward. And the evidences that he was seen standing and doing his prostration in Surah 26:217-219 And put your trust in the Almighty, the All Merciful. The One Who sees you (O Muhammad) when you stand in prayer; and among those who prostrate themselves.

Nevertheless, it is stated in the Quran that the sequence of the standing, bow and prostration and the option given to the number of sequences or repetition one is commanded is stated in Surah 34:46 Say: “I do admonish you on one point: that ye do stand before Allah, (It may be) in pairs, or (it may be) singly, and reflect (within yourselves): your Companion is not possessed: he is no less than a warner to you, in face of a terrible Penalty.” This evidence shows in the verse is that when one is to stand to establish his prayer to Allah there is the option to do a pair (two times by repeating the sequence) of doing the stand, bow and prostrate or to do only one complete sequence. However, since the Surah 34:46 emphasized of mentioning doing two (a pair) instead of one, it can be elucidated that the priority is to do two instead of one complete stand, bow and prostrate It seems only on emergency during wartime, making journey or sickness then it is recommended to do one complete stand, bow and prostrate to shorten the time taken of doing a pair of stands. This options to do two or one stand is further shows by the action of the Prophet Muhammad doing his prayer in Surah 4:102.

In Surah 4:102 When thou (O Messenger) art with them, and stand to lead them in prayer, let one party of them stand up with thee, taking their arms with them: When they finish their prostrations, let them take their position in the rear. And let the other party come up which hath not yet prayed and let them prays with thee. In this verse it can be deduced the Prophet Muhammad continue to do another complete stand while some of his companions completed one stand and they moved to the rear to take caution for fearing that the disbelievers might make a sudden attack. The one complete stand therefore fulfilled the condition of the situation of emergency while the Prophet can complete his two stands with the others keeping vigilance over the security of the camp of the believers. Thus, it can be seen that from the evidences of the Quran, the Prophet Muhammad did the standing, bowing, prostrating and ends his prayer at the position of prostration. After finishing the prayer from the position of prostration, he would still continue in one of these positions praising God before he completed his worship by ending his call on God as stated in Surah 4:103 When ye pass (Congregational) prayers, celebrate Allah’s praises, standing, sitting down, or lying down on your sides; but when ye are free from danger, set up regular prayers: For such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times. Meanwhile, the verses of the Quran which allows the prayer to be shorten is as when these kinds of situations occur as stated in Surah 4:101 When ye travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if ye shorten your prayers, for fear the Unbelievers may attack you: For the Unbelievers are unto you being open enemies. This is the situation described in Surah 4:102 when some believers finished their prayer with a completed one stand, bow and prostrate sequence. The other situation is when one is travelling and he is worried that while riding due to the distance of the journey he will miss doing the prayer at the specific times commanded by Allah in the Quran and he is therefore  allowed to forego the normal action of stand, bow and prostrate as stated in Surah 2:239 If ye fear (missing the prayer), pray on foot, or riding, (as may be most convenient), but when ye are in security, celebrate Allah’s praises in the manner He has taught you, which ye knew not (before). In the event the traveller reaches his destination in time before the arrival of the next specific time of prayer, he is obliged to recompense the prayer he did while riding or walking with the normal ritual of completing normal stand, bow and prostrate.

It can be seen that in the Quran the prayers that is being commanded is simple and easy to be instituted. The command at Surah 34:46 to do two or one stands cover all the five daily prayers. There is no evidence to do more than two stands in any or all the five daily prayers, and devotees were commanded to say their prayer in middle tone as stated in Surah 17:110-111 Say: “Call upon Allah, or call upon Rahman: by whatever name ye call upon Him, (it is well): for to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names. Neither speak thy prayer aloud, nor speak it in a low tone, but seek a middle course between.” And say: “Praise be to Allah, who begets no son, and has no partner in (His) dominion: Nor (needs) He any to protect Him from humiliation: yea, magnify Him for His greatness and glory!” Although in a congregation there will some who opted to pray two stand and while those in a hurry take the option to pray with only one stand, it does not pose a problem as the religion of Islam in such a situation give focus and priority to unity of the congregation and not uniformity of the rituals. Nevertheless, the one who lead the prayer or the Imam must do the two stands ritual as shown by the example of what the Prophet did in Surah 4:102 when he was leading his congregation in prayer.

Asar

 

Is the Torah like the Qur’an Surah 28:48-49

Salam,

This article is in response to Sam Shamoun and Jochen Katz challenge in their website “answeringIslam.net” in which they claimed that the author of the Quran many challenges to come with a book similar to the Quran has been met.

Surah 28:48-49 But (now), when the Truth has come to them from Ourselves, they say, “Why are not (Signs) sent to him, like those which were sent to Moses?” Do they not then reject (the Signs) which were formerly sent to Moses? They say: “Two kinds of sorcery, each assisting the other!” And they say: “For us, we reject all (such things)!” Say: “Then bring ye a Book from Allah, which is a better guide than either of them, that I may follow it! (do), if ye are truthful!”

In the Quran Sam and Jochen claimed God seem to pose several challenges shown as in Surah 11:13 Or, do they say: He has forged it. Say: Then bring ten forged chapters like it (mithlihi) and call upon whom you can besides Allah, if you are truthful. And in Surah 17:88 Say: If men and jinn should combine together to bring the like of this Quran (bimithlihi hatha al-Qurani), they could not bring the like of it, though some of them were aiders of others. Further in Surah 52:33-34 Or do they say: He has forged it. Nay! they do not believe. Then let them bring an announcement like it (mithlihi) if they are truthful. Based on these verses above, Muslims are convinced that the Quran is absolutely unique and unparalleled. For many it is an important element in their belief in the divine origin of the Quran that nobody was ever able to meet this particular challenge. In this article we want to focus on the amazing fact that there are statements in the Quran which acknowledge that this challenge has already been met! The Quran asserts that the revelation given to Moses is similar and equal to the Quran. Consider the following passage at Surah 28:48-49 which are being quoted on the first paragraph of this article. Muhammad challenges the unbelievers to bring a book which is not only a better guide than the Quran, but also better than the book of Moses! This presumes that the book of Moses was (a) available during Muhammad’s time, and (b) equal to the Quran in terms of guidance. The Quran goes on to state that the previous scriptures are similar to it, being just like it (mithlihi), the very same expression as found in the verses quoted at the beginning of this paper:

In Surah 46:10-12 Say: “See ye? If (this teaching) be from Allah, and ye reject it, and a witness from among the Children of Israel testifies to its similarity (with earlier scripture), and has believed while ye are arrogant, (how unjust ye are!) truly, Allah guides not a people unjust.” The Unbelievers say of those who believe: “If (this Message) were a good thing, (such men) would not have gone to it first, before us!” And seeing that they guide not themselves thereby, they will say, “this is an (old,) falsehood!” And before this, was the Book of Moses as a guide and a mercy: And this Book confirms (it) in the Arabic tongue; to admonish the unjust, and as Glad Tidings to those who do right. Note the structure of the argument: assuming the divine origin of the Torah, the author of the Quran argues that because the Quran is “like the Torah”, therefore it is of divine origin as well. In this context at least, the Quran seeks to derive its authority from the authority of the Torah. However, the relation of “being like it” is symmetric, i.e. “the Quran being like the Torah” implies also “the Torah being like the Quran”. Thus, based on the testimony of the Quran itself, the Torah is like it, and therefore meets the above quoted challenge “to bring something like it”. The evidence provided in this article has several implications. It is evident from the above citations that the author of the Quran believed that the Holy Bible, or at least the book of Moses, met the Quran’s challenge to produce something like it. Yet if, as Muslims often claim, the book of Moses had been tampered with then how can a corrupted text be like the Quran seeing that it is no longer purely divine in origin? How can human additions match the so-called divinely inspired Quranic text? Are we to assume that the author of the Quran was asserting that a corrupted text claiming to be the book of Moses was of equal value as the Quran? Obviously not, which means that firstly the Quran presumes that the previous Scriptures existed in a pure form during Muhammad’s time. Furthermore, the Torah had to be readily available for comparison (a) with the Quran and (b) with those hypothetical competitors, should somebody take up the challenge “to bring a book better than these two”. Neither the argument for the Quran based on its similarity to the Torah (Surah 46:10) nor the challenge to bring a book better than the Torah (Surah 28:49) would make any sense if the Torah is not available to actually perform the necessary comparison. Thus, the obvious assumption behind the formulations found in the Quran verses is that the Torah is in its entirety of divine origin, and the Quran is as well. The Quran neither states that the Torah was corrupted before the time of Muhammad, nor does it contain any warning or prophecy that such a corruption would happen in the future. It assumes and endorses the authority of the Torah without any reservations. Secondly, the Quran teaches that at least parts, if not all, of the previous Scriptures are similar to the Quran, and even match it, in terms of content and guidance. In light of the foregoing, the only thing that a Jew or Christian need to do for the purpose of meeting the Quran’s challenge is to present citations from the Holy Bible, which is actually vastly superior to the Quran. We would like to emphasize explicitly that from the Christian perspective there is no comparison between the Holy Bible and the Quran, contrary to what the Quran claims. The Holy Bible is the inspired inerrant word of the true God, and the Quran is not. The Quran is only a very poor imitation of God’s true and pure word.

Those Muslims who despite all the evidence to the contrary still insist that the Quran teaches the corruption of the earlier scriptures, will have to face another dilemma first if you accept the Quran’s verdict that the Torah is like it (Surah 28:49, Surah 46:10), then the challenge was met before it was issued. It will be hard to avoid the implication that this challenge was published rather thoughtlessly, which in turn questions its alleged divine origin. Even more, this assumption of a corrupted Torah would result in an internal contradiction in the Quran: According to the above quoted passages, Surah 2:24 and 17:88, the author of the Quran claims it is impossible for men (and jinn) to bring anything that is “like it”. If, however, the Torah of Muhammad’s time and ours is not the original divinely inspired text but the product of human efforts of change and corruption, and the Quran still says that “it is like it” (Surah 46:10), then this becomes a plain contradiction. Secondly, you reject this statement of the Qur’an regarding the Torah being like it. Why then would you believe the Qur’an to be from God if you reject what it says as being wrong?

To answer Sam Shamoun and Jochen Katz accusation on all the above alleged inconsistency first it is important to clarify the text of the verses which Allah made His challenges to the disbelievers at Surah 11:13 Or they may say, “He forged it,” Say, “Bring ye then ten chapters forged, like unto it, and call (to your aid) whomsoever ye can, other than Allah! If ye speak the truth! Sam and Jochen claimed that since the relation of the Quran and the Torah of “being like it” then it is symmetric, i.e. “the Quran being like the Torah” implies also “the Torah being like the Quran”. Thus, based on the testimony of the Quran itself, the Torah is like it, and therefore meets the above quoted challenge “to bring something like it”.

It must be emphasized that when Allah make the challenge in the Quran to come with a book better than the Quran or the Torah, it is not for anybody to come with a Torah and claim that it meets the challenge since Allah said so in the Quran, that the Torah is being like the Quran. The challenge is to bring a book other than these two books and get the help of others beside Allah. It is either they come with a book better than the Quran or the Torah to put up the challenge. However, if they put a book saying that it is a better book or similar than the Torah mentioned in the Quran, then there the process to evaluate and to meet the requirement stated int the Quran qualifying that the Torah is from Allah. The Torah is like the Quran and is of divine origin only if its context and contents is overseer or guarded by the truth of the Quran and this is applied for the Gospel or Injil as well as stated in Surah 5:48  And We have revealed to you the Book with the truth, verifying what is before it of the Book and a guardian over it, therefore judge between them by what Allah has revealed, and do not follow their low desires (to turn away) from the truth that has come to you; for every one of you did We appoint a law and a way, and if Allah had pleased He would have made you (all) a single people, but that He might try you in what He gave you, therefore strive with one another to hasten to virtuous deeds; to Allah is your return, of all (of you), so, He will let you know that in which you differed. Thus, only after these requirements have been fulfilled only then the Torah or the Injil can be considered like the Quran. The other requirement is that there must be a witness from the children of Israel to testify the similarities otherwise the claim of Sam Shamoun and Jochen Katz is null and void as stated in Surah 46:10 “See ye? If (this teaching) be from Allah, and ye reject it, and a witness from among the Children of Israel testifies to its similarity (with earlier scripture), and has believed while ye are arrogant. Unless and until a witness from the Children of Israel can testify none can pick and claim any Torah or Inji to be the one from Allah and of similar to that of the Quran. As can be seen, there is therefore qualifications for the Torah to be like the Quran or for it to be similarly divine.

On the challenge at Surah 17:88 Allah provoke that none can produce the like of the whole Quran even if Jinns and mankind were to combine to produce one like it. Based on these verses above, Muslims are convinced that the Quran is absolutely unique and unparalleled. For many it is an important element in their belief in the divine origin of the Quran that nobody was ever able to meet this particular challenge. This is true and cannot be disputed as there is no such religious book of the same size of the Quran with the original language having been preserved since its completion as that of the Quran being preserved for fourteen hundred year. And the amazing facts is that millions of devotees have been memorizing the Quran beginning with the Prophet himself being the first “Al Hafitz” or those “memorizing the whole Quran. These are some of the reasons Muslims believed that none have met this challenge.

On their claim that “The Quran neither states that the Torah was corrupted before the time of Muhammad, nor does it contain any warning or prophecy that such a corruption would happen in the future. With addition, they claimed it assumes and endorses the authority of the Torah without any reservations.” This is a false statement from Sam and Jochen as the Quran in many verses confirmed previous scriptures were not without errors. These verses showed the previous scriptures have been manipulated as stated in Surah 5:15-17 O people of the Book! There hath come to you our Messenger, revealing to you much that ye used to hide in the Book, and passing over much (that is now unnecessary). There hath come to you from Allah a (new) light and a perspicuous Book, Wherewith Allah guide all who seek His good pleasure to ways of peace and safety, and lead them out of darkness, by His will, unto the light, guide them to a path that is straight. In blasphemy indeed are those that say that Allah is Christ the son of Mary. Say: “Who then hath the least power against Allah, if His will were to destroy Christ the son of Mary, his mother, and all everyone that is on the earth? For to Allah belong the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between. He creates what He please. For Allah hath power over all things.” Further there were evidence that the Jews corrupted their book as stated in Surah 6:91 No just estimate of Allah do they make when they say: “Nothing doth Allah send down to man (by way of revelation)” Say: “Who then sent down the Book which Moses brought?- a light and guidance to man: But ye make it into (separate) sheets for show, while ye conceal much (of its contents): therein were ye taught that which ye knew not neither ye nor your fathers.” Say: “Allah (sent it down)”: Then leave them to plunge in vain discourse and trifling. This verse is therefore giving proof that Allah Torah is different from those of the Jewish and the Christians scriptures who had manipulated their books and to claim that those books were divine as that of the Quran is more of a farce.

Further to quote them saying “We would like to emphasize explicitly that from the Christian perspective there is no comparison between the Holy Bible and the Quran, contrary to what the Quran claims. The Holy Bible is the inspired inerrant word of the true God, and the Quran is not. The Quran is only a very poor imitation of God’s true and pure word.” In refutation to this claim, it is better for them to bring evidences from the Quran what has been poor imitation or more appropriate to bring what is falsehood being there is in the Quran.

In conclusion the Torah or the Gospel were also guidance from Allah is not without qualification, it was the guidance before Prophet’s Muhammad’s time as this is clearly spelt out in Surah 3:3 It is He Who sent down to thee (step by step), in truth, the Book, confirming what went before it; and He sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guide to mankind. The Torah and the Gospel will be guidance as that equal to the Quran only after the Quran verify and confirm with the truth in the Quran as what is quoted in those scriptures. But most important the Quran is guardian over previous scriptures as stated in Surah 5:48 And We have revealed to you the Book with the truth, verifying what is before it of the Book and a guardian over it. And more it is stated in Surah 27:76 Verily this Qur’an doth explain to the Children of Israel most of the matters in which they disagree. Thus, unless the Jews and the Christians can verify and adjust their messages of their scriptures to the truth of the Quran, they can never claim that the Torah or the Gospel is equal in divinity to the Quran. There are no such verses in the Torah or the Gospel as that quoted in the Quran being stated in Surah 15:9 We have, without doubt, sent down the Message (the Quran); and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption). Or that which Is stated in Surah 39:28 (It is) a Qur’an in Arabic, without any crookedness (therein): in order that they may guard against Evil. And also stated in Surah 41:42 No falsehood can approach it from before or behind it: It is sent down by One Full of Wisdom, Worthy of all Praise. And the message of the Quran will not come from the Devil as stated in Surah 26:110-113 No evil ones have brought down this (Revelation): It would neither suit them nor would they be able (to produce it). Indeed, they have been removed far from even (a chance of) hearing it. So, call not on any other god with Allah, or thou wilt be among those under the Penalty.

Asar

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