Salam,

This article is to compare the genealogy of Jesus according to the Quran and the Bible. Since both religions believe that Jesus was borne of a miracle without the intervention of male partner it means that there is no genealogy on his father’s side. This narrative is looking on how a genealogy is established by both religions according to their scriptures.

It can be taken for granted that there is no genealogy of Jesus whether as the Son of God or as the Son of Joseph because God has no genealogy and Joseph was not the biological father to Jesus and thus whatever there is it has been fabricated by Christians of their Bible as stated in –

Matthew 1:18-21: Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. 19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily. 20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. 21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

And in Luke 1:30-35 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. 31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. 32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: 33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?

35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore, also, that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.

It can be seen. not only there is no genealogy through his father’s side since Jesus was borne of a miracle, but it is also known that there is neither a geology on his mother’s side being established in the Bible because her father Joachim was, according to some apocryphal writings, the husband of Saint Anne and the father of Mary, the mother of Jesus lack historical information on him. The story of Joachim and Anne first appears in the apocryphal Gospel of James. Joachim and Anne are not mentioned in the bible. His feast day is 26 July according to Wikipedia

Thus, this exposed the falsified genealogy of Mary borrowed from that of Joseph who is clearly pointed out as descendant of David in both genealogies. On the other hand, New Testament sources are silent about Mary’s descendance from David. However, through her marriage with Joseph she enters his family and legally becomes, she and her son Jesus, a part of the House of David.

So apart from the fallacy of fabricating Jesus and Mary genealogy based on Joseph’s side, it resulted in inconsistences and the proof that the genealogy having been fabricated resulted in clear contradictions in the Bible itself. The Bible which is believed to be from God should not have contradiction but here it is –

The New Testament provides two accounts of the genealogy of Jesus, one in the Gospel of Matthew and another in the Gospel of Luke.  Matthew starts with Abraham, while Luke begins with Adam. The lists are identical between Abraham and David, but differ radically from that point. Matthew has twenty-seven generations from David to Joseph, whereas Luke has forty-two, with almost no overlap between the names on the two lists⁠ notably, the two accounts also disagree on who Joseph’s father was: Matthew says he was Jacob, while Luke says he was Heli.

However, The Quran apart of exposing the fallacies of the Bible can also trace the genealogy of Jesus through Mary his mother’s side and that is why he is referred as the Son of Mary not as the Son of God or the Son of Joseph as stated  in Surah 5:72 They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah, He will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.

The genealogy of Jesus therefore is solely from his mother side because he was borne of a miracle without a father as stated in Surah 3:47 She said: “O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man hath touched me?” He said: “Even so: Allah create what He will: When He hath decreed a plan, He but saith to it, ‘Be,’ and it is!

Furthermore, in the Quran, Mary genealogy can be traced to be related to Aaron not as a biological sister but as relative or the descendant of Aaron as stated in Surah 19:28 “O sister of Aaron! Thy father was not a man of evil, nor thy mother a woman unchaste!” 

However, there is some who dispute whether the word “sister” is to mean biological sister in the Quran but this can be discarded as there are proofs that Mary is not the biological sister of Aaron and that the man Aaron the brother of Moses was never a contemporary of Zakariya who had a son named Yahya or John at Surah 19:7 O Zakariya! We give you good news of a son: His name shall be Yahya. On the other hand, Mary the mother of Jesus was a contemporary to Zakariya as he was the one who was given the assignment to take care of Mary as stated in Surah 3:37 Right graciously did her Lord accept her: He made her grow in purity and beauty: To the care of Zakariya was she assigned.

This proven that Mary lived the same time as Zakariya and not at the time of Moses and therefore not the biological sister of Aaron.

Also, in addition, Mary’s mother is not the wife of Imran as some had wrongly translated but a woman of Imran at Surah 3:35 Behold! a woman of ‘Imran said: “O my Lord! I do dedicate unto Thee what is in my womb for Thy special service: So, accept this of me: For Thou hear and know all things.” The true translation of being the woman of the family of Imran is based on the preceding verse at Surah 3:33 is talking about the family or people of Imran and the family or people of Abraham and not of the person Imran or Abraham as stated “Allah did choose Adam and Noah, the family of Abraham, and the family of ‘Imran above all people.” Those who translated it to be “wife of Imran” is therefore in error.

The Quran also confirmed more detail in that Mary is also a descendent from the family of Aaron and not from the family of Moses as the Quran indicated instead of one lineage for Aaron and Moses there were actually two lineage that of Aaron and Moses as stated in Surah 2:248 And (further) their Prophet said to them: “A Sign of his authority is that there shall come to you the Ark of the covenant, with (an assurance) therein of security from your Lord, and the relics left by the family of Moses and the family of Aaron, carried by angels. In this is a symbol for you if ye indeed have faith.”

Mary is therefore connected to Aaron not as a biological sister but as a relative just as some verses of the Quran referred to brothers in which it does not necessarily mean biological brothers but relatives!  It is stated in the Surah 6:87 (To them) and to their fathers, and progeny and brethren: We chose them, and we guided them to a straight way. And in another example also, being mentioned at Surah 7:65 To the ‘Ad people, (We sent) Hud, one of their own brethren: He said: O my people! worship Allah! ye have no other god but Him will ye not fear (Allah)?”

In conclusion, Aaron cannot then be the biological sister to Mary the mother of Jesus because Aaron the brother Moses is not contemporary as those who live with Zakariya, John, Jesus, Mary and her mother “A woman of Imran”. The truth is Mary genealogy can be traced more accurately from the Quran than from the Bible.

Surah 3:60 The Truth (comes) from Allah alone; so be not of those who doubt.

Asar