This article is in response to a column in the website answering Islam making allegation of a contradiction in the Quran whether only good comes from Allah or good and bad both comes from Allah.
Surah 4:78-79 – Wherever you may be, death will overtake you, even if you should be within towers of lofty construction. But if good comes to them, they say, “This is from Allah “; and if evil befalls them, they say, “This is from you.” Say, “All (things) are from Allah.” So what is (the matter) with those people that they can hardly understand any statement? What comes to you of good is from Allah, but what comes to you of evil, is from yourself. And We have sent you, (O Muhammad), to the people as a messenger, and sufficient is Allah as Witness.
The allegation is that the contradiction is seen when in Surah 4:78 claim all things are from Allah but immediately in the next verse according to Surah 4:79 “Whatever good happen to thee is from Allah; but whatever evil happens to thee is from thyself.” Evil things are without doubt a subset of “all things”, and if “all things are from Allah” then the evil things are from Allah as well, and the author of the Qur’an cannot pass the guilt on and blame others as done in Surah 4:79. It is interesting that Muhammad would contradict himself within two consecutive verses and then write three verses later that discrepancy is a sign that it is not from God as stated in Surah 4:82 Do they not consider the Qur’an (with care)? Had it been from other Than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy. But this topic is not over with just yet. In Surah 38:41 Commemorate Our Servant Job, behold he cried out to his Lord: “Satan has afflicted me with distress and suffering!” Now we have a third party joining the contest for responsibility. Is evil from ourselves? Is it from Satan? Or is it from Allah? Any two of them contradict each other, but in particular do the first two (Surah 4:79, Surah 38:41) contradict the third (Surah 4:78) as Allah claimed all things as from himself.
The Words of Allah proved true for the disbelievers “they failed to understand a single fact!” as confirmed by the verses which say in Surah 4:78 Say: “All things are from Allah.” But what hath come to these people that they fail to understand a single fact? Surah 4:79 Whatever good, (O man!) happens to thee, is from Allah; but whatever evil happens to thee, is from thy (own) soul. The principle belief in the teaching of the Quran is there is no evil created by Allah, He only create good. Originally everything is good but it was made evil by His creatures. All that is good is from Allah Surah 3:26 “…..In Thy hand is all good. Verily, over all things Thou hast power.” And here again it is stated at Surah 16:30 To the righteous (when) it is said, “What is it that your Lord has revealed?” they say, “All that is good.” To those who do good there is good in this world and the Home of the Hereafter is even better and excellent indeed is the Home of the righteous.
The evil that is in this world is not from Allah, the Devil Iblis became evil out of his doing and also man soul is prone himself to evil. The example of Iblis became the Devil was because he disobeyed Allah’s command and declared to divert man away from Allah guidance as depicted in Surah 17:61-63 Behold! We said to the angels: “Bow down unto Adam”: They bowed down except Iblis: He said, “Shall I bow down to one whom Thou did create from clay?” He said: “See Thou? This is the one whom Thou hast honoured above me! If Thou wilt but respite me to the Day of Judgment, I will surely bring his descendants under my sway – all but a few!” (Allah) said: “Go thy way; if any of them follow thee, verily hell will be the recompense of you (all) an ample recompense. And here is another example how he (Iblis) turned good into evil as in Surah 2:102 They followed what the evil ones gave out (falsely) against the power of Solomon: the blasphemers were, not Solomon, but the evil ones, teaching men magic and such things as came down at Babylon to the angels Harut and Marut. But neither of these taught anyone (Such things) without saying: “We are only for trial; so, do not blaspheme.” They learned from them the means to sow discord between man and wife. But they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah’s permission. And they learned what harmed them, not what profited them. So originally what was brought by the angels were of good but the devil turn it into something evil.
And here are more examples to explain that evil do not come from Allah but out of the doing of man himself who crafted the golden calf in Surah 20:95-96 (Moses) said: “What then is thy case, O Samiri?” He replied: “I saw what they saw not: so, I took a handful (of dust) from the footprint of the Messenger, and threw it (into the calf): thus, did my soul suggest to me.” In addition, the evil of killing was not inspired by Allah but from the soul of one of the sons in the story of Adam in Surah 5:30 The (selfish) soul of the other led him to the murder of his brother: he murdered him, and became (himself) one of the lost ones. Thus, in the narration of Job at Surah 38:41 evil was the doing of the Devil and has nothing to do with Allah. There is freewill as the Devil can lure man away from the right path to create evil as stated in Surah 5:90 Satan’s plan is (but) to excite enmity and hatred between you, with intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah, and from prayer: will ye not then abstain? Therefore, there is no contradiction in the Quran as no evil comes from Allah as everything comes from Him are only good. The evil originated from other than Him from the dark whispering of man’s own soul or from the devil.