Salam,

There is a claim of contradiction by Sam Shamoun in the Quran that messengers came not only from the community human being but also the Jinns and the angels. Sam Shamoun said this is a contradiction since it is stated in the Quran Allah sent only men as messengers stated in Surah 25:20 And the messengers whom We sent before thee were all (men) who ate food and walked through the streets: We have made some of you as a trial for others: will ye have patience? For Allah is One Who sees (all things).

The same statement were stated in in Surah 12:109 Nor did We send before thee (as messengers) any but men, whom we did inspire, (men) living in human habitations. Do they not travel through the earth and see what was the end of those before them? But the home of the hereafter is best, for those who do right. Will ye not then understand? And the same for Surah 21:7-8 Before thee, also, the messengers We sent were but men, to whom We granted inspiration: If ye realize this not, ask of those who possess the Message. Nor did We give them bodies that ate no food, nor were they exempt from death. However those verses seem to be in contradiction to other verses which show apart from the “men messengers” there were also jinns and angel messengers as shown in Surah 6:130 “O ye assembly of Jinns and men! Came there not unto you messengers from among you, setting forth unto you My signs, and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?” They will say: “We bear witness against ourselves.” It was the life of this world that deceived them. So against themselves will they bear witness that they rejected Faith. Apart from men and Jinn it is stated there are also angels as messengers as stated in Surah 11:77 When Our messengers came to Lut, he was grieved on their account and felt himself powerless (to protect) them. He said: “This is a distressful day.”

This passage therefore Sam Shamoun poses a rhetorical question to both the Jinn and men, telling them to recall the fact that Allah sent messengers from amongst them to warn them of the Day of Judgment. The question that naturally arises is what could it possibly mean that Allah sent messengers from the Jinn to warn them about Allah’s judgment? Does Allah actually call on immaterial entities to preach amongst their own kind? The following verses say yes: Surah 22:75 Allah chooses messengers from angels and from men for Allah is He Who hears and sees (all things). And Surah 35:1 Praise be to Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels, messengers with wings, two, or three, or four (pairs): He adds to Creation as He pleases: for Allah has power over all things. According to other passages, Allah chose only human messengers to convey the message as stated in Surah 21:7-8 and in Surah 25:20-21 quoted in the opening paragraph of this article. And further it was stated in Surah 41:14 Behold, the messengers came to them, from before them and behind them, (preaching): “Serve none but Allah.” They said, “If our Lord had so pleased, He would certainly have sent down angels (to preach). Now we reject your mission (altogether).” These verses according to Sam Shamoun clearly contradict the passages that state that Allah sent Messengers from both angels and Jinn.

In addition Sam Shamoun claimed there are other passages indicate that the Jinn converted to Islam due to the preaching of human messengers such as Muhammad: Surah 46:29-32 Behold, We turned towards thee a company of Jinns (quietly) listening to the Qur’an: when they stood in the presence thereof, they said, “Listen in silence!” When the (reading) was finished, they returned to their people, to warn (them of their sins). They said, “O our people! We have heard a Book revealed after Moses, confirming what came before it: it guides (men) to the Truth and to a Straight Path. “O our people, hearken to the one who invites (you) to Allah, and believe in him: He will forgive you your faults, and deliver you from a Penalty grievous. “If any does not hearken to the one who invites (us) to Allah, he cannot frustrate (Allah’s Plan) on earth, and no protectors can he have besides Allah. Such men (wander) in manifest error.” This implies that Allah used men such as Muhammad, and not Jinn, to convert the Jinn to Islam. Interestingly, the Quran states that Muhammad is a mercy to all creatures, which naturally includes the Jinn: Surah 21:107 We sent thee not, but as a Mercy for all creatures. According to Sam Shamoun this supports our view that Allah used men such as Muhammad to preach to Jinns. Surah 7:179 “Many are the Jinns and men we have made for Hell.” Surah 11:117-119 Nor would thy Lord be the One to destroy communities for a single wrong- doing, if its members were likely to mend. If thy Lord had so willed, He could have made mankind one people: but they will not cease to dispute. Except those on whom thy Lord hath bestowed His Mercy: and for this did He create them: and the Word of thy Lord shall be fulfilled: “I will fill Hell with jinns and men all together.” And from Surah 51:50-56 Hasten ye then (at once) to Allah. I am from Him a Warner to you, clear and open! And make not another an object of worship with Allah. I am from Him a Warner to you, clear and open! Similarly, no apostle came to the Peoples before them, but they said (of him) in like manner, “A sorcerer, or one possessed”! Is this the legacy they have transmitted, one to another? Nay, they are themselves a people transgressing beyond bounds! So turn away from them: not thine is the blame. But teach (thy Message) for teaching benefits the Believers. I have only created Jinns and men, that they may serve Me. These verses Sam Shamoun said shows and teach that Allah does not punish anyone without first sending them a warner. “setting forth unto you My signs, and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?”

Thus to him there is the contradiction Quran did not only sent “men messengers” but jinns and angels messengers.

 

To counter the above claim there is actually no dispute in the Quran it is clearly stated that Allah sent messenger among men and jinns as stated in Surah 6:130 “O ye assembly of jinns and men! Came there not unto you messengers from amongst you setting forth unto you My signs, and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?” And while Allah also choses to be messengers were among men and angels as stated in Surah 22:75 Allah chooses messengers from angels and from men for Allah is He Who hears and sees (all things). Nevertheless there is a difference function as the angel messengers chosen by Allah is to run His errand and not to be a warner or giving glad tidings to their own community but to serve and follow the command of Allah as stated in Surah 32:11 Say: “The Angel of Death, put in charge of you, will (duly) take your souls: then shall ye be brought back to your Lord.” They were also sent to destroyed for their wrong doings of human communities like the people of Lot or the people of Pharaoh as stated in Surah 15:8 We send not the angels down except for just cause: if they came (to the ungodly), behold! No respite would they have!

However when Allah quoted at certain surah that “only men” as at Surah 12:109 Nor did We send before thee (as messengers) any but men, whom we did inspire, (men) living in human habitations. Or at Surah 21:7 Before thee, also, the messengers We sent were but men, to whom We granted inspiration: If ye realize this not, ask of those who possess the Message. The “men” in both these verses, Allah is referring to “men” or “male” messengers and none were “female” messengers were sent to human communities. The reason Allah tell Muslims to inquire from those who possessed the previous scriptures is because it is also the same for them none of their “women” or “female” were made messenger that were sent by Allah. Thus “men” messengers hare referred to “male” and not connected to Jinns or angels messengers. There is therefore no contradiction as Sam Shamoun misinterpreted only “men messengers” in those verses disqualified the jinns and the angels being also messengers of Allah.

On Surah 46:29-32 Sam Shamoun claimed that this implies that Allah used men such as Muhammad, and not Jinn, to convert the Jinn to Islam. He claimed by saying interestingly, the Quran states that Muhammad is a mercy to all creatures, which naturally includes the Jinn: Surah 21:107 We sent thee not, but as a Mercy for all creatures. And he claimed this supports his view that Allah used men such as Muhammad to preach to Jinns. On preaching to the Jinns however there is no basis that Sam Shamoun can claim that Muhammad preach the Quran to the jinns as the verse itself says at Surah 46: 29 “When the (reading) was finished, they returned to their people, to warn (them of their sins). Here it can be observed that it was the jinns themselves not Muhammad who did the preaching to their community what they heard of the Quran and not other than their own specie who warn their communities. Furthermore it is clearly stated in the Quran men and jinns will have their own messenger as stated the Surah 6:130 “O ye assembly of Jinns and men! Came there not unto you messengers from amongst you.” Therefore to claim that men messenger going to the jinn is therefore a clear falsehood. Furthermore the Surah 21:107 Allah sent the Prophet Muhammad as a mercy to the worlds or to all creatures indicate a different function not as a messenger which is to warn and give glad tidings but a mercy from Allah is that the Prophet bring light as a mercy as stated in Surah 33:46 And as one who invites to Allah’s (grace) by His leave, and as a lamp spreading light.

On Surah 51:50-56 Sam Shamoun claimed there is contradiction as he said these verses teach that Allah does not punish anyone without first sending them a warner, “setting forth unto you My signs, and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?” which he linked it to messenger sent must be of the men and jinns. However these verses are not a contradiction as there were among jinns those who believe the truth from the Quran and the Torah and those who reject Allah as stated Surah 72:13-15 And as for us, since we have listened to the Guidance, we have accepted it: and any who believes in his Lord has no fear, either of a short (account) or of any injustice. Amongst us are some that submit their wills (to Allah, and some that swerve from justice. Now those who submit their wills – they have sought out (the path) of right conduct: ‘But those who swerve, they are (but) fuel for Hell-fire. The jinns therefore have their own messengers giving them the warnings and those who disobey their messengers will be punished and those who follow will receive their rewards in the hereafter. Similarly the human communities will have their own messengers to warn their own communities while the angels served a different function that is to follow and obey the command of Allah. The most glaring point which Sam Shomoun missed is that the verses he gave which referred to only “men messengers” is connected in the Quran that Allah sent no “woman messengers”. There is therefore no contradiction or inconsistency as regards to men, jinns or angel messenger in the Quran as claimed by Sam Shamoun he is actually ignorant of the message of the Quran.

Asar