Salam,

Here is a list of questions written by Aidid Safar who arrogantly provoking Muslims that none can answer his challenge which he said “Questions that the religionists cannot answer”! At the bottom of his page if one is to take notice he wrote as follows:-

It is inappropriate for the word Sol-laa or any of the derivatives (generated from the same root word) to be rendered as a ritual act by people toward God. Its meanings relate to the commitments which link a human being to God through their deliberate deeds. Sol-laa is the commitment to observe the prescribed covenants. This encompasses the whole of God’s commandments in the Reading to people. It covers obligations, relationships, agreements between people, a person’s obligations to own self, and matters of cleanliness and diet. It extends to promises, dealings, relationships, families, and parenting. There is nothing ‘religious’ about it.

The irony is Aidid Safar himself said in the above Sollaa take “Its meanings relate to the commitments which link a human being to God through their deliberate deeds.” And he claimed his “sollaa” has nothing “religious” about it. If it is true as he claimed there is nothing ‘religious” about it then why is there a command by Allah at Surah 2:153 O ye who believe! Seek help with patient perseverance and “the Sollaa” for Allah is with those who patiently persevere. Is not this “Sollaa” our commitment with Allah to seek His help with patience perseverance. The “sollaa” is therefore a commitment of our time for asking His help. Another commitment one has to make when establishing the “Sollaa” is stated in Surah 4:43 O ye who believe! Approach not the “Sollaa” with a mind befogged, until ye can understand all that ye say, nor in a state of ceremonial impurity (Except when travelling on the road), until after washing your whole body. If ye are ill, or on a journey, or one of you cometh from offices of nature, or ye have been in contact with women, and ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand or earth, and rub therewith your faces and hands. For Allah doth blot out sins and forgive again and again. This is certainly not a commitment to fellow human this is our commitment to Allah we pledge to say the right thing to Him and to wash as He commanded us to do. We are obliged to do all these ritual if we have contact with our wives if there is no water we take clean sand to rub our faces and hands but we do not do such ritual when in contact with other fellow human. Thus this is a religious obligation a Muslim has to do when he committed his time for his Lord. And Allah promised by obeying His command at Surah 4:43 He will blot out our sins and forgives. Here Aidid Safar clearly failed in his commitment to Allah to do these rituals.

Aidid Safar further said the proponents of the ritual prayer can only pick five verses from the Reading on the basis of which – by quoting them out of context – they claim an imperative for the ritual prayer. However, they cannot quote any verse from the Reading to show the methods of the rituals, as they themselves concede. Perhaps now it is time for them to answer some questions: Question by Aidid Safar •How do you pardon the idol-worshippers when they continue to remain as idol-worshippers even though they have performed the ritual prayer? (9:4-6). •How are idol-worshippers to perform the ritual prayer?

This is where Aidid Safar is ignorant of the Quran. There are many definitions of “pagan” or “idol worshippers” who puts partners to Allah. At Surah 10:66 Behold! Verily to Allah belong all creatures, in the heavens and on earth. What do they follow who worship as His “partners” other than Allah? They follow nothing but fancy, and they do nothing but lie. And in another definition it is stated at Surah 30:31-32 Turn ye back in repentance to Him, and fear Him: establish regular prayers, and be not ye among those who join gods (idolaters) with Allah, those who split up their religion, and become (mere) sects, each party rejoicing in that which is with itself! And Muslims who did not pay the zakat were also defined and branded as “idol worshippers” as define by Surah 41:6-7 Say thou: “I am but a man like you: It is revealed to me by Inspiration, that your Allah is one Allah: so stand true to Him, and ask for His Forgiveness.” And Woe to those who join gods (idol worshippers) with Allah, those who practice not regular charity (zakat), and who even denies the Hereafter. These Muslims who worshipped their “wealth” who refused to pay the zakat were given four months to settle their due but if they settled what they own to the authority they will be forgiven as stated in Surah 9:5 But when the forbidden months are past, then fight and slay the idol worshippers (Muslims who refused to pay the zakat) wherever ye find them, and seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war); but if they repent, and establish regular prayers and practice regular charity, then open the way for them: for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. Similarly those who did not pay the jizyah which is the equivalent of the zakat there is the command to fight them until they pay as stated in Surah 9:29 Fight those who believe not in Allah or the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth, (even if they are) of the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued. The Muslims have to pay the zakat while the non-Muslims have to pay the jizyah same percentage was charged for all citizens which were 20 percent or a fifth of profit as defined by Surah 8:41. And know that out of all the booty that ye may acquire, a fifth share is assigned to Allah, and to the Messenger, and to near relatives, orphans, the needy, and the wayfarer, if ye do believe in Allah and in the revelation We sent down to Our servant on the Day of Testing, the Day of the meeting of the two forces. For Allah hath power over all things. So the “idol worshippers” at Surah 9:5 were Muslims who did not pay the zakat and they know what is “the ritual prayer” or the “zakat” all about and if they repent by paying the zakat it will be accepted and forgiven. So there is no ambiguity in Surah 9:5 the “idol worshippers” quoted in that verse were Muslims who did not pay the tax or “zakat” as a duty to help the society managed by the authority. And unlike Aidid Safar they know what the ritual prayer is all about.

 

Question from Aidid Safar •How did the Prophet lead the ritual prayers for the non-believers according to (your reading of) 4:101-102? In-naal kafirin nakanu lakum ‘aduwun mubin, wa-izza konta fi-hem fa-aqom-ta lahum Sol-laa-ta (4:101-102). Surely the disbelievers are your manifest enemy, And when you are in their midst you shall lead them in Sol-laa (ritual prayer?) (4:101-102). Here is the full verses at Surah 4:101-102 When ye travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if ye shorten your prayers, for fear the Unbelievers may attack you: For the Unbelievers are unto you open enemies. When thou (O Messenger). art with them, and stand to lead them in prayer, Let one party of them stand up (in prayer) with thee, taking their arms with them: When they finish their prostrations, let them take their position in the rear. And let the other party come up which hath not yet prayed – and let them pray with thee, taking all precaution, and bearing arms: the Unbelievers wish, if ye were negligent of your arms and your baggage, to assault you in a single rush. But there is no blame on you if ye put away your arms because of the inconvenience of rain or because ye are ill; but take (every) precaution for yourselves. For the Unbelievers Allah hath prepared a humiliating punishment.

If one read the above passage it is crystal clear that the prophet leads the prayer only to all believers. Nobody in their right mind will say there were unbelievers praying with the Prophet, since the verses itself is to take precaution against the unbelievers and without any doubt here we can see unlike normal Muslim belief who establish the “Ritual prayer” with fellow Muslims, Aidid Safar invented a “cult” where his “commitment” or “AsSalat” can include even unbelievers! He should look again at the Surah 4:102 in the middle of the verse it says “the Unbelievers wish, if ye were negligent of your arms and your baggage, to assault you in a single rush.” Did not this fact strike his mind saying it is not possible for unbelievers to pray with the Prophet in that verse? Even In the Surah 4:101 will show AsSalat is with the believers not unbelievers because it says If believers were afraid of being attack by unbelievers they can shorten their prayer and surely this reason is enough to show what Aidid Safar said is contrary to the message of the Quran and he highlighted only certain parts to achieve his sinister plot to deviate the true meaning of the Quran on what AsSalat is all about.

 

Aidid Safar further asked •How can the ritual prayer of the Prophet console people or make them happy? (9:103). •When you are in sudden disaster or facing sudden death, how can the two strangers who are to be witnesses (and who may not know anything about the Arab religion) perform the ritual prayer before swearing to God that they will be truthful? (5:106). First let us see the Surah 9:103 Of their goods, take alms, that so thou might purify and sanctify them; and pray on their behalf. Verily thy prayers are a source of security for them: And Allah is One Who hear and know.

In answering to his question above just for Aidid Safar info when the Quran refer to the “ritual prayer” the Arabic word “Salat” must be attached with the definite article “Al” or English “The” prefixed to the word to show that it is different from the other word salat in the Quran. When the Quran referred “AsSalat” or “The ritual prayer” then it comes with all the preconditions such as Surah 5:6 to do the washing before establishing the AsSalat, done at specific times at Surah 4:103 (Surah 11:114 morning, evening and night, Surah 17:78 sun’s decline at noon, and Surah 2:238 preserves all the 4 times and the Middle Salat which is business time at Surah 62:9) , remembrance of Allah at Surah 20:14, commitment to show action of humility by standing and prostrating as in Surah 4:102 and many other requirements attached to it as to define it being AsSalat or “the ritual prayers”. However In the case of the above Surah 9:103 there is no definite article “Al” attach to the word “salli”  thus it mean those who gave the charity is purifying their hearts and at the same time the Prophet prays to Allah to accept of their charity. This has nothing to do with the obligatory daily As Salat or the ritual prayer.

And now let us see what was so complicated to him of the two witnesses at Surah 5:106 O ye who believe! When death approaches any of you, (take) witnesses among yourselves when making bequests, two just men of your own (brotherhood) or others from outside if ye are journeying through the earth and the chance of death befalls you (thus). If ye doubt (their truth), detain them both after prayer (AsSalat), and let them both swear by Allah: “We wish not in this for any worldly gain, even though the (beneficiary) be our near relation: we shall hide not the evidence before Allah: if we do, then behold! The sin be upon us!” Here one can see that Aidid Safar is talking nonsense about “two strangers” when the verse starts with “O you who believe!” these people who were to be witnesses are no strangers to the guy who is to make a testament either he makes it in front of his own relatives who believe or among the other believers. These believers know what the “AsSalat” or “The ritual prayers” is all about and they were to execute the deal after the AsSalat. There is no inconsistency at all for the testator to get his witnesses to witness his will after they have completed their AsSalat or after finishing their “ritual prayer” which is done at specific time (Surah 4:103).

 

Aidid Safar also asked •How did all the people of a town and those living in the surrounding areas preserve their ritual prayer (wa hum alaa Sol-laa-tihim haafizuun) as soon as they heard the message of the Reading (6:92)? It may have included non-believers, Christians or Jews. Here is the full Surah 6:92 And this is a Book which We have sent down, bringing blessings, and confirming (the revelations) which came before it: that thou may warn the mother of cities and all around her. Those who believe in the Hereafter believe in this (Book), and they are constant in guarding their prayers (salaatihim).

In refuting his false allegation it is rather amusing to see that Aidid Safar do not even understand simple message as in Surah 6:92 above that it refers to “those who believe” in the hereafter and who believe in the Book given to Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) which confirmed the revelation before it. The verse has nothing to do with non-believers. Whether they were Jews or Christian they were those who believe in the Quran as in Surah 3:199 And there are, certainly, among the People of the Book, those who believe in Allah, in the revelation to you, and in the revelation to them, bowing in humility to Allah: They will not sell the Signs of Allah for a miserable gain! For them is a reward with their Lord, and Allah is swift in account. Thus the verse at Surah 6:92 is saying they are constant in guarding their commitments in general which should include normal prayers like doa, zikr or praise the Lord at certain time (Surah 30:18) and guarding “ritual prayer” done at specific times (Surah 4:103).

 

More question by Aidid Safar •Why is it that yuSollu means ritual prayer in 4:102 but in 33:56 it means honour and support? The Surah 4:102 When thou (O Messenger) art with them, and stand to lead them in prayer (AsSalat), Let one party of them stand up (in prayer) with thee, taking their arms with them: When they finish their prostrations, let them take their position in the rear. And let the other party come up which hath not yet prayed (yusollu) – and let them pray (falyusollu) with thee.

There is a marked difference in those two words but just to show Aidid Safar the difference between the two verses stated above is that in this verse Surah 4:102 the word “yusollu” is qualifying the word “AsSalat” which carries the meaning of “ritual prayer” because it has the definite “Al” or “The” prefixed to it. Furthermore this verse shows among other thing when one do the AsSalat there is the commitment to stand, bow to prostrate to Allah to show humility in words and humility in physical action. And here is bowing in AsSalat as stated in Surah 2:43 And be steadfast in prayer; practice regular charity; and bow down your heads (warkauu) with those who bow down (Arrakeina). So when performing the duty in AsSalat there must be commitment to humble oneself to Allah by standing and bowing to prostrate and this is the humblest position to worship Allah.

On the other hand at Surah 33:56 Allah and His angels send blessings (yusolluna) on the Prophet: O ye that believe! Send ye blessings (sallu) on him, and salute (sallimu) him with all respect. In contrast to the above verse at Surah 4:102 which is AsSalat or the “Ritual prayer” this verse ”yusollu” do not qualify any word showing “AsSalat” so this has nothing to do with the daily obligatory “Ritual prayer”. Since the word “yusollu” is a verb common to Allah, His angels and the believers it must means all will be committed in doing or performing the same thing that is to wish the Prophet harmony. Here are the examples how Allah wish His prophets harmony to Yahya as stated in Surah 19:15 So Peace on him the day he was born, the day that he dies, and the day that he will be raised up to life (again)! To Noah at Surah 37:79 ‘Peace be upon Noah among all beings!’ And here is an example of the angels wishing harmony to a prophet as stated in Surah 11:69 There came Our messengers to Abraham with glad tidings. They said, “Peace!” He answered, “Peace!” and hastened to entertain them with a roasted calf. The believers is also to wish the Prophet the same as when he was alive to say as stated in 6:54 When those come to thee who believe in Our signs, Say: “Peace be on you: Your Lord hath inscribed for Himself (the rule of) mercy. However for those prophets and messengers being Allah’s servants who have passed away even the Prophet was commanded to say peace when their name were being mentioned as stated in Surah 27:59 Say: Praise be to Allah, and Peace on his servants whom He has chosen (for his Message). (Who) is better? Allah or the false gods they associate (with Him)? Thus Surah 4:102 is in relation to the daily obligatory “ritual prayer” because of the word “AsSalat” is there whereas the Surah 33:56 is the gesture to wish harmony to all the servants which Allah had chosen. There is therefore no contradiction or inconsistency as far as the Arabic reading is concerned!

 

Aidid Safar further asked •Likewise, how does the word yuSollee in 3:39 turn into ritual prayer while in 33:43 it is said to mean honour? •Solluu in 33:56 and Sollee in 9:103 have come to mean honour and supplication. In 75: 31 and in 96:10 the word Sol-laa is said to mean ritual prayer. Why is that?

Just a reminder Surah 9:103 and Surah 33:56 have been explained and Surah 33:43 is no different as in Surah 33:56 it has nothing to do with AsSalat which must have the prefix “Al” in front of the word “Salat” for it to have the meaning of “Ritual prayer”. In the situation of Zakariya there was no mention of AsSalat so he was not doing the “ritual prayer” he was just making normal supplication because the angels was speaking to him in Surah 3:39 While he was standing in prayer (yusolli) in the chamber, the angels called unto him: “Allah doth give thee glad tidings of Yahya, witnessing the truth of a Word from Allah, and (be besides) noble, chaste, and a prophet, of the (goodly) company of the righteous.” So this should not be confused with the word with the definite article “Al” or AsSalat. Similarly both Surah 75:31 So he gave nothing in charity, nor did he pray! And Surah 96:10 A votary when he (turns) to pray? Since there is no mentioned of the Arabic word AsSalat both gives a general meaning referring to those who did not pray or call or zikr or praise on Allah as He had commanded in Surah 2:186 When My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he call on Me: Let them also, with a will, listen to My call, and believe in Me: That they may walk in the right way. Thus there is no confusion in the Quran of the meaning of AsSalat or “the Ritual Prayer” in the Arabic reading!

 

More questions from Aidid Safar •How do the birds in the sky and everything between the heavens and the earth (including frogs, termites and trees, for example) perform their ritual prayer? (24:41). The Surah 24:41 See thou not that it is Allah Whose praises all beings in the heavens and on earth do celebrate, and the birds (of the air) with wings outspread? Each one knows its own (mode of) prayer (salaatahu) and praise. And Allah knows well all that they do.

To answer him this again has nothing to do with the way human believers of doing their AsSalat as the word “salat” there is without the definite article “Al” to shows that the birds will have to do the pre AsSalat requirement to wash as at Surah 5:6 but as the verse highlighted they the birds know how to do their commitment and we to do ours. There is no inconsistency!

 

Aidid Safar said •How could the ritual prayer (Sol-laa-tuka) of Shuaib in 11:87 have changed the economic system of the people? The Surah 11:87 They said: “O Shu’aib! Does thy (religion of) prayer (solaatuka) command thee that we leave off the worship which our fathers practiced, or that we leave off doing what we like with our property? Truly, thou art the one that forbear with faults and is right-minded!”

Here again the word “solaa” in this verse shows a general meaning and is not specific to AsSalat or Ritual Prayer because there is no definite article “Al” to show that it has to be done with the washing at Surah 5:6, at specific time in Surah 4:103 or with the action of stand, bow to prostrate at Surah 4:102 and other conditions. The “solaa” of Shuaib is described here in Surah 7:85 To the Madyan people We sent Shu’aib, one of their own brethren: he said: “O my people! Worship Allah; Ye have no other god but Him. Now hath come unto you a clear (Sign) from your Lord! Give just measure and weight, nor withhold from the people the things that are their due; and do no mischief on the earth after it has been set in order: that will be best for you, if ye have Faith.

 

Further Aidid Safar said •Why are the same Sol-laa-waatee in 2:238 (‘guard your ‘Sol-laa-waatee’) and 9: 99 (the Messenger’s Sol-laa-waatee) understood differently? The Surah 2:238 Guard strictly your (habit of) prayers (AsSalawaati), and the Middle Prayer (WasSalaati Wusta); and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind).

This is a very clear verse to show the definite article “Al” is presence in both the word AsSalawaat (plural meaning more than 3 ritual prayers) and the AsSalaati Wusta (the Middle ritual Prayer) that this verse confirms there is plurality of the number of AsSalat commanded by Allah obligatory for Muslims to do daily. The verse is self-explanatory mathematically if the plurality “AsSalawaat” is three it becomes impossible to come with a Middle AsSalat thus the AsSalawaat in Surah 2:238 must be a plural of four to qualify having a Middle AsSalat. Therefore the real meaning of Surah 2:238 Guard strictly your (habit of doing) (four) prayers (AsSalawaati), and the Middle Prayer (WasSalaati Wusta); and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind). So Mr Aidid Safar this verse is the key to the numbers of AsSalat or the Ritual Prayers that a Muslim will have to commit which is five times daily. I gather it will be tough for you and your devotees to define the Arabic words ASSalawaat wASSalaati ALWusta because both the words are with the definite article “Al” glued to the word “salawaat” and “salati Alwusta” which means that it must have a similar principle meaning of “salat” and a one meaning for the “salatiwusta) which is inseparatable.

On the contrary the Surah 9:99 But some of the desert Arabs believe in Allah and the Last Day, and look on their payments as pious gifts bringing them nearer to Allah and obtaining the prayers (wa salawaati) of the Messenger. Aye, indeed they bring them nearer (to Him): soon will Allah admit them to His Mercy: for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. In contrast to the above this word at Surah 9:99 again the word “salat” is without the definite article “Al” and therefore is not about the daily obligatory ritual prayers but a normal prayer the prophet made and this is normal for a prophet as Prophet Jacob (Pbuh) did for his children as stated in Surah 12:97-98 They said: “O our father! Ask for us forgiveness for our sins, for we were truly at fault.” He said: “Soon will I ask my Lord for forgiveness for you: for he is indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

 

Again from Aidid Safar •Why are the same words Sol-laa-waa-tun in 2:157 (ulaa ika alaihim Sol-laa-waatun) and 22:40 (wa Sol-laa-waatun, wa masaa-jidu) stated with different meanings? The Surah 2:157 They are those on whom (Descend) blessings (salaawatun) from Allah, and Mercy, and they are the ones that receive guidance. While Surah 22:40 (They are) those who have been expelled from their homes in defiance of right, (for no cause) except that they say, “our Lord is Allah”. Did not Allah check one set of people by means of another, there would surely have been pulled down monasteries, churches, synagogues (salaawatun), and mosques, in which the name of Allah is commemorated in abundant measure.

Just to make clear both the above verses none of the word giving the meaning of AsSalat or The ritual Prayers as there is no definite article “Al” prefix to it. Anyway the meaning between the two verses is different because the structure of the verses is enough to tell the different account connected to the words. At Surah 2:157 it is harmony or peace coming from Allah to the believers while in Surah 22:40 it is a synagogues where Jews gathered to do their commitments to worship God. It has nothing to do with ASSalat or “Ritual Prayers”.

 

Further Aidid Safar asked •Is there anyone performing the ‘ritual prayer‘ by controversial talk and rebellion (Sol-laa-tuhum ‘indal baiti mukaan wa tashdiyyan) anywhere in the world? If so, where and how? (8:35). The Surah 8:35 Their prayer (salaatuhum) at the House (of Allah) is nothing but whistling and clapping of hands: (Its only answer can be), “Taste ye the penalty because ye blasphemed.”

This again has nothing to do with the AsSalat or “The Ritual Prayers” commanded by Allah to the Muslims first there is no “Al” prefix to the word “salat” and their ‘salat” at Surah 8:35 were polluted by whistling and clapping of hands which they followed which their fathers did and this verse confirmed their prayer is different as stated in Surah 19:59 But after them there followed a posterity who missed prayers (AsSalat) and followed after lusts soon, then, will they face Destruction.

 

The Final question from Aidid Safar •How did the word muSollan (singular) evolve to mean location or place for performing ritual prayer in 2:125 when the same word muSollin (plural) is understood as the people who perform the ritual prayer in 107:4?

The Surah 2:125 Remember We made the House a place of assembly for men and a place of safety; and take ye the station of Abraham as a place of prayer (Musallan); and We covenanted with Abraham and Ishmael, that they should sanctify My House for those who compass it round, or use it as a retreat, or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer).

First the station of Abraham is a single place called a “musallan” is located outside the “Bayta” and is the station where believers gathered to establish the AsSalat or “ritual Prayers”. In the above verse Surah 2:125 it is clearly showing they do the AsSalat by standing and then bow to prostrate. A “musallan” is a place to establish the AsSalat and in Surah 107:4 So Woe to the worshippers (lilmusallina). These are those who neglect to do AsSalat and neglect to visit the “musallan” and they will be punished because of their arrogance to show humility to Allah in words and in physical action. They will realize later when the Judgment comes for refusing to prostrate as in Surah 68:42-44 The Day that the shin shall be laid bare, and they shall be summoned to bow in prostration, but they shall not be able, their eyes will be cast down, ignominy will cover them; seeing that they had been summoned aforetime to bow in prostration, while they were sound, (and had refused). Then leave Me alone with such as reject this Message: by degrees shall We punish them from directions they perceive not. But not the believers they will receive Allah’s mercy as stated in Surah 11:23 But those who believe and work righteousness, and humble themselves before their Lord, They will be companions of the gardens, to dwell therein for aye!

Believe me if you tell these cultists of Aidid Safar their reaction will be the same as below:-

Surah 25:60 When it is said to them, “Prostrate to (Allah) Most Gracious!” they say, “And what is (Allah) Most Gracious? Shall we prostrate to that which thou command us?” And it increases their flight (from the Truth).

Asar